Publications by authors named "Teresa Giallonardo"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Epilepsy in "Sunflower syndrome": electroclinical features, therapeutic response, and long-term follow-up.

Seizure 2021 Oct 2;93:8-12. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Perugia, Italy.

Background: Sunflower syndrome (SFS) is a rare childhood-onset generalized epilepsy characterized by photosensitivity, heliotropism, and drug-resistant stereotyped seizures maybe self-induced by hand-waving maneuvers. Data on the long-term prognosis are scantly and evidence over best treatment strategies is lacking.

Methods: We retrospectively describe the electroclinical features, and therapeutic response in a group of 21 patients with SFS, without intellectual disability.

Results: 16 patients were female (67%), with a median age at onset of 7 years. In all patients, ictal episodes began with sun-staring, and hand-waving in front of the sunlight, accompanied by brief typical absence seizures. 17 patients (81%) showed interictal EEG abnormalities, mainly characterized by spike and polyspike-and-wave discharges. Ictal epileptiform activity occurred approximately less than one second after the start of hand-waving. At the last follow-up (median length 8.2 years), 12 patients (57%) were drug-resistant. Nine of them (75%) achieved seizure control with the use of tainted lenses, either alone or compared with anti-seizure medications (ASM). Disappearance of seizures was associated with EEG improvement/normalization when tinted glasses were used during EEG recordings.

Conclusion: While the clinical and EEG characteristics of SFS are well defined, the best therapeutic approaches are still under debate. Our data confirms a high rate of drug-resistance and frequent need of polytherapy. Of note, in drug-resistant patients, lenses (but not ASM) were able to suppress PPR in our patients while wearing lenses. Regarding the role of lenses, we do not only rely on the PPR reduction but also clinically by the reduction of seizures. Although additional data are needed, lenses seem to have a powerful potential role for the management of SFS.
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October 2021

Association of intronic variants of the KCNAB1 gene with lateral temporal epilepsy.

Epilepsy Res 2011 Mar 18;94(1-2):110-6. Epub 2011 Feb 18.

CNR-Institute of Neurosciences, Section of Padua, Padova, Italy.

The KCNAB1 gene is a candidate susceptibility factor for lateral temporal epilepsy (LTE) because of its functional interaction with LGI1, the gene responsible for the autosomal dominant form of LTE. We investigated association between polymorphic variants across the KCNAB1 gene and LTE. The allele and genotype frequencies of 14 KCNAB1 intronic SNPs were determined in 142 Italian LTE patients and 104 healthy controls and statistically evaluated. Single SNP analysis revealed one SNP (rs992353) located near the 3'end of KCNAB1 slightly associated with LTE after multiple testing correction (odds ratio=2.25; 95% confidence interval 1.26-4.04; P=0.0058). Haplotype analysis revealed two haplotypes with frequencies higher in cases than in controls, and these differences were statistically significant after permutation tests (Psim=0.047 and 0.034). One of these haplotypes was shown to confer a high risk for the syndrome (odds ratio=12.24; 95% confidence interval 1.32-113.05) by logistic regression analysis. These results support KCNAB1 as a susceptibility gene for LTE, in agreement with previous studies showing that this gene may alter susceptibility to focal epilepsy.
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March 2011

Drug resistant ADLTE and recurrent partial status epilepticus with dysphasic features in a family with a novel LGI1mutation: electroclinical, genetic, and EEG/fMRI findings.

Epilepsia 2009 Nov 22;50(11):2481-6. Epub 2009 Jun 22.

Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: We characterized a family with autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE) whose proband presented uncommon electroclinical findings such as drug-resistant seizures and recurrent episodes of status epilepticus with dysphasic features.

Methods: The electroclinical characteristics and LGI1 genotype were defined in the family. In the proband, the ictal pattern was documented during video-EEG monitoring and epileptic activity was mapped by EEG/fMRI.

Results: The affected members who were studied had drug-resistant seizures. In the proband, seizures with predominant dysphasic features often occurred as partial status epilepticus. The video-EEG-documented ictal activity and fMRI activation clearly indicated the elective involvement of the left posterior lateral temporal cortex. Sequencing of LGI1 exons revealed a heterozygous c.367G>A mutation in exon 4, resulting in a Glu123Lys substitution in the protein sequence.

Conclusions: The uncommon clinical pattern (high seizure frequency, drug-resistance) highlights the variability of the ADLTE phenotype and extends our knowledge of the clinical spectrum associated with LGI1 mutations.
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November 2009