Publications by authors named "Teresa Gemmellaro"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Treatment adherence and tolerability of immediate- and prolonged-release lithium formulations in a sample of bipolar patients: a prospective naturalistic study.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2021 Sep;36(5):230-237

Psychiatry 2 Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa.

The aim of this study was to compare treatment adherence and tolerability of different lithium formulations in 70 bipolar patients receiving lithium therapy for the first time. During the 1-year follow-up, information was collected regarding patient's clinical course, therapeutic adherence, side effects of the treatment and serum levels of lithium, creatinine and thyroid-stimulating hormone. At baseline, 30 patients (43%) were on prolonged-release lithium formulations and 40 (57%) on immediate-release formulations. At the final evaluation, 37 patients (53%) were considered lost to follow-up. Both prolonged- and immediate-release patients showed significant improvement in the Functioning Assessment Short Test and in the Clinical Global Impressions for Bipolar Disorder scores during the follow-up. At the first follow-up visit, the mean plasma lithium level of prolonged-release patients was higher than immediate-release patients (0.61 vs. 0.47, respectively; Pā€‰=ā€‰0.063), as well as the therapeutic adherence (85 vs. 64%, respectively; Pā€‰=ā€‰0.089). Fine tremor and gastrointestinal symptoms were more frequent in immediate-release patients than in prolonged-release patients at each follow-up visit, with the sole exception of gastrointestinal symptoms at the last evaluation. Prolonged-release lithium therapy could provide potential advantages over immediate-release formulations. Future naturalistic studies and clinical trials with a longer follow-up duration are needed.
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September 2021

Relationships Among Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder, Emotional Dysregulation, and Affective Temperaments in Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Cyclothymia.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2020 11;208(11):857-862

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

This study aims to explore the relationships between delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD) and emotional dysregulation in 240 patients (134 with cyclothymia, 81 with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and 25 with both conditions). DSPD was assessed using the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, followed by a clinical evaluation. Affective temperaments and emotional dysregulation were also investigated through the brief version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego and the Reactivity, Intensity, Polarity, Stability questionnaires, respectively. Clinical variables were compared in patients with and without DSPD, and a logistic regression model was used to identify the predictive value of the clinical characteristics on the presence of DSPD. DSPD patients (19% of the total sample) were significantly younger than patients without DSPD, showed an about 4 times higher lifetime history of comorbid ADHD and cyclothymia, and reported higher scores in the irritable and cyclothymic temperamental subscales and in the affective instability and impulsivity dimensions. In the multiple logistic regression, we found a negative predictive value of increasing age on the presence of DSPD, whereas comorbid cyclothymia and ADHD and cyclothymic temperament seem to represent risk factors for DSPD.
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November 2020