Publications by authors named "Temitope Ashipa"

2 Publications

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Hypertension among adolescents in Nigeria: a retrospective study of adolescent university freshmen.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Mar 16;33(5). Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Community Medicine, Babcock University, Ilishan, Nigeria.

Purpose: The burden of hypertension is rising both globally and in Africa specifically. We determined the prevalence of hypertension and the risk factors for clinical hypertension in a population of new university intakes over a 4-year period.

Methods: We analyzed retrospectively, the records of 6980 older adolescents (15-19 years). We used population-specific metrics to categorize blood pressure (BP) based on the 2017 Clinical Practice Guidelines by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Results: The overall prevalence of high BP in our study was 25.1% [95% confidence interval (CI) 24.1-26.2] for elevated BP, 19.8% (95% CI 18.9-20.8) for stage 1 hypertension, and 5.5% (95% CI 5.0-6.1) for stage 2 hypertension. The prevalence of stage 2 hypertension was 8.7% (7.5-9.5) among the male participants and 3.2% (95% CI 2.7-3.2) among the female participants (p < 0.001). The multivariate analyses demonstrated an increased risk of high levels of BP (p < 0.001) with age (1.21: 95% CI 1.16-1.26), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) (1.05: 95% CI 1.04-1.05), z-score for body mass index (BMI) (1.47: 95% CI 1.41-1.54), and hemoglobin concentration (1.10: 95% CI 1.09-1.12). It demonstrated a reduced risk of high levels of BP (p < 0.001) being female (0.35: 95% CI 0.32-0.39).

Conclusions: Hypertension, its risk factors and the risk of cardiovascular diseases in later life are prevalent in our Nigerian adolescent population. There is, therefore, a need for the development, evaluation and implementation of context-appropriate strategies and interventions to mitigate the risk of hypertension among adolescents, and cardiovascular diseases later in life.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0287DOI Listing
March 2019

Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non-smoking senior secondary school students in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2017 Oct 11;30(5). Epub 2017 Oct 11.

Department of Community Health, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Background Globally, efforts are being made to control tobacco use. However, adolescents who are susceptible to cigarette smoking constitute a major challenge to control efforts. Defining the magnitude of susceptible adolescents and associated factors in any setting is critical to the development of measures that will successfully address this issue. This study estimated the prevalence and factors associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non smoking students in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria. Methods A cross sectional study involving 2000 secondary school students selected via multistage sampling technique. Data was collected using a self administered questionnaire, while analysis was done using SPSS 16.0. Results Prevalence of susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non smoking respondents was 13.6% (14.5% among males and 11.4% among females, respectively). Factors associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking were parental smoking habit [odds ratio (OR) = 4.43], having close friends who smoke (OR = 6.54), engagement in vocational training (OR = 1.39), exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at home (OR = 1.61), knowledge of harmful effects of tobacco (OR = 2.35) and perceptions of the effect of cigarette smoking such as enhancing attractive among boys (OR = 2.03), and causing weight gain among boys (OR = 2.39) and among girls (OR = 6.05). Conclusion The high prevalence of susceptibility to cigarette smoking among the non smoking students highlights the potential for future increase in prevalence of cigarette smoking in the setting. Efforts at controlling cigarette smoking will not be totally successful if susceptibility to cigarette smoking among adolescents is not addressed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0099DOI Listing
October 2017
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