Publications by authors named "Taylor Zurlinden"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Behavioral and exercise interventions for sleep dysfunction in the elderly: a brief review and future directions.

Sleep Breath 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Psychology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27858, USA.

Purpose: The impact of sleep-related changes and disorders in the geriatric populations are of utmost concern due to health consequences and increased risk of injury as well as injuring others as a result of poor sleep. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief review of the current state of the literature with regard to sleep, aging, common non-pharmacological interventions, and the potential use of exercise in combination with behavioral interventions.

Methods: Initially, this manuscript focuses on a brief (nonsystematic) review of sleep parameters and physiology that are associated with the aging process. Subsequently, information regarding sleep disorders in the elderly in general, and insomnia in particular are discussed. Last, a brief review of current recommended interventions is provided.

Results: The current major nonpharmacological interventions are described including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I). The potential use of exercise as a safe intervention for poor sleep is discussed. Finally, a call is made for increased research that examines the combination of traditional behavioral interventions with exercise.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-021-02329-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7905198PMC
February 2021

The effects of emotional states and traits on time perception.

Brain Inform 2018 Aug 20;5(2). Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Psychology, Rawl Building, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27858, USA.

Background: Models of time perception share an element of scalar expectancy theory known as the internal clock, containing specific mechanisms by which the brain is able to experience time passing and function effectively. A debate exists about whether to treat factors that influence these internal clock mechanisms (e.g., emotion, personality, executive functions, and related neurophysiological components) as arousal- or attentional-based factors.

Purpose: This study investigated behavioral and neurophysiological responses to an affective time perception Go/NoGo task, taking into account the behavioral inhibition (BIS) and behavioral activation systems (BASs), which are components of reinforcement sensitivity theory.

Methods: After completion of self-report inventories assessing personality traits, electroencephalogram (EEG/ERP) and behavioral recordings of 32 women and 13 men recruited from introductory psychology classes were completed during an affective time perception Go/NoGo task. This task required participants to respond (Go) and inhibit (NoGo) to positive and negative affective visual stimuli of various durations in comparison to a standard duration.

Results: Higher BAS scores (especially BAS Drive) were associated with overestimation bias scores for positive stimuli, while BIS scores were not correlated with overestimation bias scores. Furthermore, higher BIS Total scores were associated with higher N2d amplitudes during positive stimulus presentation for 280 ms, while higher BAS Total scores were associated with higher N2d amplitudes during negative stimuli presentation for 910 ms.

Discussion: Findings are discussed in terms of arousal-based models of time perception, and suggestions for future research are considered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40708-018-0087-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170941PMC
August 2018