Publications by authors named "Tauseef Ahmad"

70 Publications

Mapping of global research output in congenital cataracts from 1903 to 2021.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Dec;100(48):e27756

Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Hazara University Mansehra, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Background And Aim: Globally, congenital cataract remains one of the main causes of visual loss in children. This study was designed to plot the overall research output and evaluate some key bibliometric indicators in congenital cataracts research.

Methods: Publications on congenital cataracts were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database. The published literature was searched using the keywords "congenital cataract" OR "congenital cataracts" in the title filed with document types and language restrictions. The data were exported into HistCite to analyze; publication year, top authors, countries, institutions, journals, keywords, and most cited studies. VOSviewer software was used to construct network visualization mapping.

Results: A total of 1427 publications (1903-2021) published in English language were included in this study. Over the past few decades, the total number of publications in congenital cataracts was found to be increased. The most productive year was 2016 (n = 72), while the most cited year was 1941 (1268 citations). The Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (Impact Factor: 4.799) was the most attractive journal with 161 publications, and the Molecular Vision (Impact Factor : 2.367) was the most cited journal with 1915 citations and 161.723 citations per year. The most productive country was the United States of America (USA) (n = 325), while the most active institute was Sun Yat-sen University, China (n = 36). The most prolific author was Yao K (n = 27). The most studied Web of Science category was ophthalmology (n = 852). The most widely used keyword was congenital (n = 1427). The most cited paper in congenital cataracts was "Congenital cataract following German measles in the mother, cited 1268 times. The USA and author keyword congenital cataract had the highest total link strength.

Conclusion: These findings provide useful insights, current status, and trends in clinical research in congenital cataracts. This study can be used to identify future research areas and standard bibliography references for better diagnosis and disease control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000027756DOI Listing
December 2021

An insightful estimation of undergraduate medical students' experience about the Flipped Classroom.

Pak J Med Sci 2022 Jan-Feb;38(1):69-75

Ashfaq Akram Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background And Objective: The Flipped Classroom (FC) approach has become increasingly predominant and popular in medical education. This study aimed to explore the usefulness and the scope of FC based on medical students' experience, with their adaptation challenges.

Methods: The present study was a mixed-method accomplished during the academic years 2019-20, involving fourth-year students at the College of Medicine in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to seek their first experience and opinion of the FC.

Results: A total of 234 questionnaires were distributed to the students, and 214 students completed the survey (response rate of 91.45%). Out of this total, 68.2 % were males and 31.8% were females. Most of the students agreed 156 (72.9%) that the flipped classroom was more engaging than the traditional lecture, among them 100 (68.5%) males and 56 (82.3) females agreed. Almost ~79% of students liked FC as it enabled them knowing the material in advance, and the class time was spent clarifying the facts and principles with active interaction, as commented during focus group discussion (St. 6).

Conclusion: The results showed that the students like the FC more than the conventional classroom. Suggestions were given by students to improve the active learning sessions within the FC modality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8713203PMC
February 2021

HIV-1 genetic diversity a challenge for AIDS vaccine development: a retrospective bibliometric analysis.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2022 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.

Background: Despite recent advances in human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) prevention, a fast, safe, and effective vaccine will probably be necessary to end the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This study was conducted to evaluate global research trends and map the key bibliometric indices in HIV-1 genetic diversity from 1998 to 2021.

Methods: A comprehensive online search was conducted in the Web of Science Core Collection database to retrieve published literature on HIV-1 genetic diversity. Key bibliometric indicators were calculated and evaluated using HistCite, Bibliometrix: An R-tool, and VOSviewer software for windows.

Results: A total of 2,060 documents written by 9,201 authors and published in 250 journals were included in the final analysis. Year 2012 was the most productive year with 121 (5.87%) publications. The most prolific author was Shao Yiming (n = 74, 3.59%) from Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The United States of America was the highly contributing and influential country (n = 681, 33.05%). was the most productive journal (n = 562, 27.2%). Network visualization shows that HIV-1 was the most widely used author keyword.

Conclusion: This study provides global research trends and detailed information on HIV-1 genetic diversity. The amount of scientific literature on HIV-1 genetic diversity research has rapidly increased in the last two decades. The maximum number of articles on HIV-1 genetic diversity was published in developed countries; therefore, a scientific research collaboration among researchers and institutes in low-income countries should be promoted and supported.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2021.2014733DOI Listing
January 2022

Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life Years for 29 Cancer Groups From 2010 to 2019: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.

JAMA Oncol 2021 Dec 30. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Iraq.

Importance: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019) provided systematic estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality to inform local and international efforts toward reducing cancer burden.

Objective: To estimate cancer burden and trends globally for 204 countries and territories and by Sociodemographic Index (SDI) quintiles from 2010 to 2019.

Evidence Review: The GBD 2019 estimation methods were used to describe cancer incidence, mortality, years lived with disability, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 2019 and over the past decade. Estimates are also provided by quintiles of the SDI, a composite measure of educational attainment, income per capita, and total fertility rate for those younger than 25 years. Estimates include 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs).

Findings: In 2019, there were an estimated 23.6 million (95% UI, 22.2-24.9 million) new cancer cases (17.2 million when excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and 10.0 million (95% UI, 9.36-10.6 million) cancer deaths globally, with an estimated 250 million (235-264 million) DALYs due to cancer. Since 2010, these represented a 26.3% (95% UI, 20.3%-32.3%) increase in new cases, a 20.9% (95% UI, 14.2%-27.6%) increase in deaths, and a 16.0% (95% UI, 9.3%-22.8%) increase in DALYs. Among 22 groups of diseases and injuries in the GBD 2019 study, cancer was second only to cardiovascular diseases for the number of deaths, years of life lost, and DALYs globally in 2019. Cancer burden differed across SDI quintiles. The proportion of years lived with disability that contributed to DALYs increased with SDI, ranging from 1.4% (1.1%-1.8%) in the low SDI quintile to 5.7% (4.2%-7.1%) in the high SDI quintile. While the high SDI quintile had the highest number of new cases in 2019, the middle SDI quintile had the highest number of cancer deaths and DALYs. From 2010 to 2019, the largest percentage increase in the numbers of cases and deaths occurred in the low and low-middle SDI quintiles.

Conclusions And Relevance: The results of this systematic analysis suggest that the global burden of cancer is substantial and growing, with burden differing by SDI. These results provide comprehensive and comparable estimates that can potentially inform efforts toward equitable cancer control around the world.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2021.6987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8719276PMC
December 2021

A Bibliometric Analysis and Global Trends in Fascioliasis Research: A Neglected Tropical Disease.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Nov 26;11(12). Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi 127788, United Arab Emirates.

: Fascioliasis is a zoonotic neglected tropical disease caused by and . In endemic regions, fascioliasis represents a huge problem in livestock production and significantly threatens public health. The present study was performed to assess the key bibliometric indicators, plot the global research outcome, and strive to find the research frontiers and trends in fascioliasis. : A descriptive bibliometric and visualized study was conducted. The data were extracted from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) database. The WoSCC was searched using key terms covering a wide range of synonyms related to the causative agent () and the disease (fascioliasis). The database search was performed for the period from the inception of WoSCC until 3 October 2021. The downloaded data were exported into VOSviewer software version 1.6.17 for Windows to construct co-authorship countries, keywords co-occurrence, bibliographic coupling sources, and citation and documents network visualization. : A total of 4165 documents were included in this bibliometric analysis. The included documents were published between the years 1913 and 2021 from 116 countries, mainly from the United States of America (USA) (n = 482, 11.6%). The most prolific year was 2018 (n = 108). The journal that attracted the most publications was (n = 324), while the most productive author in this area was Rondelaud D (n = 156). In terms of total link strength (TLS), the most influential country was Spain (TLS = 236), followed by the USA (TLS = 178). : This study is of value for veterinarians, doctors, and researchers to explore insights into research frontiers and trends in research on fascioliasis. The number of publications on fascioliasis has increased over time. Above 35% of publications have been produced by the USA, France, England, and Spain. "" and "cattle" were the most dominant and widely used keywords. Research collaboration should be established among the researchers from developing countries with developed countries to learn new advancements and effective control strategies for fascioliasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani11123385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8698141PMC
November 2021

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Fucoidan Extracts In Vitro.

Mar Drugs 2021 Dec 11;19(12). Epub 2021 Dec 11.

School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS 7248, Australia.

Fucoidans are sulfated, complex, fucose-rich polymers found in brown seaweeds. Fucoidans have been shown to have multiple bioactivities, including anti-inflammatory effects, and are known to inhibit inflammatory processes via a number of pathways such as selectin blockade and enzyme inhibition, and have demonstrated inhibition of inflammatory pathologies . In this current investigation, fucoidan extracts from and were assessed for modulation of pro-inflammatory cytokine production (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6) by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in a human macrophage line (THP-1). Fucoidan extracts exhibited no signs of cytotoxicity in THP-1 cells after incubation of 48 h. Additionally, all fucoidan extracts reduced cytokine production in LPS stimulated PBMCs and human THP-1 cells in a dose-dependent fashion. Notably, the 5-30 kDa subfraction from was a highly effective inhibitor at lower concentrations. Fucoidan extracts from all species had significant anti-inflammatory effects, but the lowest molecular weight subfractions had maximal effects at low concentrations. These observations on various fucoidan extracts offer insight into strategies that improve their efficacy against inflammation-related pathology. Further studies should be conducted to elucidate the mechanism of action of these extracts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md19120702DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8704339PMC
December 2021

An insightful evaluation of professionalism among dentistry students.

Saudi Dent J 2021 Nov 31;33(7):753-760. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Intern, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the ambience of professionalism related to academic integrity among undergraduate dental students.

Methodology: "Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory I: Academic Integrity" was used to collect responses from first-year to fifth-year dental students of the College of Dentistry, King Saud University (Response rate = 78%). The participants' responses (for 34 professionalism lapses) were recorded by using the Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, Chi-square, and T-tests (P < 0.05).

Results: The "Ignore" sanction was not opted for any of the 34 professionalism behaviors, and there was unanimous agreement between the participants in considering all 34 behavior statements to be "wrong". Male and female participants were found to opt for a similar sanction as the median for 16 statements (47%), whereas, for 18 statements (53%), their responses differed with a range of levels 0.5 to 1.5. Preclinical- and clinical-year student responses also showed similarities in their 11 statements (32.3%), and they did differ for 20 statements (58.8%). Interestingly, clinical year respondents were overall on the stricter side of recommending sanctions.

Conclusions: For the majority of the dental students tested, there was a good understanding of the significance of some lapses of professionalism associated with academic integrity. Some of the disclosures in this study were substantially appreciable because none of the students selected "ignore" sanction for any of the survey statements. We found that using the Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory for learning and understanding academic professionalism among dental students is useful.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sdentj.2020.03.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8589603PMC
November 2021

Global Research Trends in Pediatric Trauma From 1968 to 2021: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Front Pediatr 2021 28;9:762531. Epub 2021 Oct 28.

Department of Child Healthcare, Hubei Maternal and Children's Hospital, Wuhan, China.

Every year, millions of children die from preventable causes worldwide. According to World Health Organization, injuries are the leading cause of disability and death among all age groups below 60 years. This study aimed to evaluate the global research outcomes and trends, and some key bibliometric indicators in pediatric trauma. A descriptive bibliometric analysis study was designed. On June 14, 2021, an electronic search was performed in the Web of Science Core Collection database using the potential searching keywords "Pediatric AND Trauma" in the title field without any limitations. The search was performed using the Boolean search query method. The data were downloaded in plaintext and comma-separated values format. The required graphs were generated using OriginPro 2018. Furthermore, the data were transferred to HistCite™ software for bibliometric analysis. In addition, the obtained data were plotted for network visualization mapping using VOSviewer software version 1.6.15 for windows. A total of 2,269 documents were included in the final analysis. The included documents were authored by 7,894 authors and published in 395 research and academic journals, mainly in the English language ( = 2,222). The main document types were articles ( = 1,276, citations = 18,244), and meeting abstracts ( = 331, citations = 19). Pediatric ( = 2,269) and trauma ( = 2,257) were the most widely used keywords. The most productive year was 2019 ( = 184, citations = 527). The most prolific author was Upperman JS ( = 29, citations = 202). The most attractive journals in pediatric trauma research were ( = 290, citations = 5,199) and the ( = 256, citations = 5,088). The most active institute was the University of California System ( = 110). The most dominant country was the United States of America (USA) ( = 1,620, citations = 22,983). The USA and Canada had the highest total link strength, 103 and 70, respectively. This study provides a comprehensive overview of research output in pediatric trauma. The USA continues to dominate scientific research and funding in pediatric trauma. Findings of the current study will help the researchers and clinicians to understand the recent achievements and research frontiers. Collaborative research initiative needs to be established between institutions in developed and developing countries and among researchers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2021.762531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8581173PMC
October 2021

Prevalence of insomnia and related psychological factors with coping strategies among medical students in clinical years during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Nov 12;28(11):6508-6514. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Rehabilitation Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

We explored the prevalence of insomnia, confirm the associated psychological factors and current coping strategies among undergraduate medical during their clinical years. This cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive study was conducted at the department of medical education, college of medicine, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The participants (n = 463) were the 3rd to 5th year, and intern medical clinical students. We collected responses about sleep, using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). We also used Kessler-10 (K10), Psychological Distress and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Items related to Coping strategies were also used from our previously published study and COVID-19 issues were explored using a self-developed questionnaire. According to the ISI ranking, 162 (34.9 %) of the participants had insomnia, among them 57.4% of females and 42.6% were males. Age groups between 22 and 25 have more sleeping disorder (43.2%) as compared to other age groups. 3rd-year students have more insomnia 36.41% as compared to other years. Individuals with insomnia symptoms were more likely (1.67 times higher) to be female students (OR = 1.67; P = 0.005) as compared to male students. A significantly high prevalence (3.37 times high) of insomnia was noted for those students or interns who have attended their clinical training irregularly as compare to regularly attending participants (OR = 2.32; P = 0.12) during COVID-19. Transition time i.e. year 3 of medical program was more stressful for the students and female students perceived stress and insomnia more than their male counterparts. It is important to address identified disorder early in order to reduce psychological morbidity and its harmful implications for medical students and young physicians.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.07.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8568835PMC
November 2021

Social Media Use, Psychological Distress and Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Regarding the COVID-19 Among a Sample of the Population of Pakistan.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:754121. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

This study was conducted to assess social media (SM) use, psychological distress, and knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) regarding the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among a sample of the population of Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Multan, Pakistan between April and May 2020. Demographics details, SM use, psychological distress, and KAP on the COVID-19 were investigated. A total of 800 respondents were analyzed out of which 33.5% ( = 268) were women. No gender-wise difference was found in the terms of SM use and duration of SM use. Women were prone to have psychological disorders such as anxiety, depression, and stress than men in the current COVID-19 pandemic. The mean knowledge score of men was significantly higher compared to women (18.69 ± 4.20 vs. 16.89 ± 3.04, < 0.001), while the mean score of the attitude and practices on the COVID-19 prevention measures was significantly better in women ( = 0.012 and < 0.001, respectively). The psychological problems such as anxiety ( < 0.001) and depression scores ( = 0.033) were higher among women than men. The stress score was also higher in women but not significantly higher ( = 0.079). The knowledge was significantly correlated with attitude, anxiety, depression, and stress. The regression analysis showed that the COVID-19-related KAPs are the predictors of psychological suffering of an individual. The female gender was positively associated with anxiety and depression. The SM use was the predictor of the stress. Male respondents had significantly more knowledge of the COVID-19 than female respondents, but women had significantly better attitudes and practiced the COVID-19 prevention measures. Gender is a significant determinant of psychological distress and KAP about the COVID-19. The government has already taken significant steps to limit the spread of the disease; however, much more effort is required to tackle this COVID-19 pandemic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.754121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8564361PMC
October 2021

Burden of Transport-Related Injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.

Arch Iran Med 2021 07 1;24(7):512-525. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Transport-related injuries (TIs) are a substantial public health concern for all regions of the world. The present study quantified the burden of TIs and deaths in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) in 2017 by sex and age.

Methods: TIs and deaths were estimated by age, sex, country, and year using Cause of Death Ensemble modelling (CODEm) and DisMod-MR 2.1. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which quantify the total burden of years lost due to premature death or disability, were also estimated per 100000 population. All estimates were reported along with their corresponding 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs).

Results: In 2017, there were 5.5 million (UI 4.9-6.2) transport-related incident cases in the EMR - a substantial increase from 1990 (2.8 million; UI 2.5-3.1). The age-standardized incidence rate for the EMR in 2017 was 787 (UI 705.5-876.2) per 100000, which has not changed significantly since 1990 (-0.9%; UI -4.7 to 3). These rates differed remarkably between countries, such that Oman (1303.9; UI 1167.3-1441.5) and Palestine (486.5; UI 434.5-545.9) had the highest and lowest age-standardized incidence rates per 100000, respectively. In 2017, there were 185.3 thousand (UI 170.8-200.6) transport-related fatalities in the EMR - a substantial increase since 1990 (140.4 thousand; UI 118.7-156.9). The age-standardized death rate for the EMR in 2017 was 29.5 (UI 27.1-31.9) per 100000, which was 30.5% lower than that found in 1990 (42.5; UI 36.8-47.3). In 2017, Somalia (54; UI 30-77.4) and Lebanon (7.1; UI 4.8-8.6) had the highest and lowest age-standardized death rates per 100,000, respectively. The age-standardised DALY rate for the EMR in 2017 was 1,528.8 (UI 1412.5-1651.3) per 100000, which was 34.4% lower than that found in 1990 (2,331.3; UI 1,993.1-2,589.9). In 2017, the highest DALY rate was found in Pakistan (3454121; UI 2297890- 4342908) and the lowest was found in Bahrain (8616; UI 7670-9751).

Conclusion: The present study shows that while road traffic has become relatively safer (measured by deaths and DALYs per 100000 population), the number of transport-related fatalities in the EMR is growing and needs to be addressed urgently.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2021.74DOI Listing
July 2021

Attitudes toward the SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine: Results from the Saudi Residents' Intention to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19 (SRIGVAC) Study.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Jul 18;9(7). Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China.

Vaccine uptake could influence vaccination efforts to control the widespread COVID-19 pandemic; however, little is known about vaccine acceptance in Saudi Arabia. The present study aimed to assess the Saudi public's intent to get vaccinated against COVID-19 and explore the associated demographic determinants of their intentions as well as the reasons for vaccine hesitancy. A cross-sectional, web-based survey was distributed to public individuals in Saudi Arabia between 25 December 2020 and 15 February 2021. Participants were asked if they were willing to get vaccinated, and the responses, along with demographic data were entered into a multinomial logistic regression model to assess the relative risk ratio (RRR) for responding "no" or "unsure" versus "yes". Among 3048 participants (60.1% female, 89.5% Saudi), 52.9% intend to get vaccinated, 26.8% were unsure, and 20.3% refused vaccination. Vaccine hesitancy was significantly higher among females (RRR = 2.70, < 0.0001) and those who had not been recently vaccinated for influenza (RRR = 2.63, < 0.0001). The likelihood was lower among Saudis (RRR = 0.49, < 0.0001), those with less than a secondary education (RRR = 0.16, < 0.0001), perceived risks of COVID-19, and residents of the southern region (RRR = 0.46, < 0.0001). The most often cited reasons for hesitancy were short clinical testing periods and concerns about adverse events or effectiveness. Vaccine hesitancy is mediated by many demographic factors and personal beliefs. To address vaccine-related concerns and amend deeply rooted health beliefs, communication should provide transparent information.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9070798DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8310025PMC
July 2021

Re-Emergence of Measles in the European Countries; Another Challenge in Hand: Highlight from Italy.

Iran J Public Health 2021 Mar;50(3):627-629

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, P.R. China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijph.v50i3.5631DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8214621PMC
March 2021

The epidemiology, diagnosis and management of scrub typhus disease in China.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 10 14;17(10):3795-3805. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine Engineering, Ministry of Education, Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Thirty-nine years ago, scrub typhus (ST), a disease, was not among the China's notifiable diseases. However, ST has reemerged to become a growing public health issue in the southwest part of China. The major factors contributing to an increased incidence and prevalence of this disease include rapid globalization, urbanization, expansion of humans into previously uninhabited areas, and climate change. The clinical manifestation of ST also consists of high fever, headache, weakness, myalgia, rash, and an eschar. In severe cases, complications (e.g. multi-organ failure, jaundice, acute renal failure, pneumonitis, myocarditis, and even death) can occur. The diagnosis of ST is mainly based on serological identification by indirect immunofluorescence assay and other molecular methods. Furthermore, several groups of antibiotics (e.g. tetracycline, chloramphenicol, macrolides, and rifampicin) are currently effective in treating this disease. This fact suggests the need for robust early diagnostic techniques, increased surveillance, and prompt treatment, and develop future vaccine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2021.1934355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8437466PMC
October 2021

SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy and pregnancy-related conditions: Concerns, challenges, management and mitigation strategies-a narrative review.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jul 23;14(7):863-875. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a global public health problem. The SARS-CoV-2 triggers hyper-activation of inflammatory and immune responses resulting in cytokine storm and increased inflammatory responses on several organs like lungs, kidneys, intestine, and placenta. Although SARS-CoV-2 affects individuals of all age groups and physiological statuses, immune-compromised individuals such as pregnant women are considered as a highly vulnerable group. This review aims to raise the concerns of high risk of infection, morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 in pregnant women and provides critical reviews of pathophysiology and pathobiology of how SARS-CoV-2 infection potentially increases the severity and fatality during pregnancy. This article also provides a discussion of current evidence on vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Lastly, guidelines on management, treatment, preventive, and mitigation strategies of SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy and pregnancy-related conditions such as delivery and breastfeeding are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2021.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8062420PMC
July 2021

Students' Perceptions and Attitudes After Exposure to Three Different Instructional Strategies in Applied Anatomy.

Adv Med Educ Pract 2021 4;12:607-612. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Anatomy Department, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The advancements of technologies have developed anatomical education into a new era. The study aims to assess medical students' performance and overall satisfaction who used the anatomage table and plastinated specimens for the teaching and learning anatomy courses.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on students of the first-year college of medicine at Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU). Students were randomly distributed equally into three groups A, B, and C. All groups were taken two sessions of lectures for one hour each. Each lecture was followed by a practical session of two hours. Group A learned with the "Anatomage" table and Group B learned the same topics on plastinated specimens. Group C was learning on both plastinated specimens and the "Anatomage" table. The objective structured practical examination was given to all students immediately after the practical sessions. A structured questionnaire was given to each group to determine the students' views on the educational methods.

Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the means of the total scale scores for the three teaching methods, where students expressed a higher attitude towards both strategies for teaching in comparison to the anatomage table and plastinated models for teaching, where the means were 18±4.4, 18.3±4.6, 20.4±5.6, respectively, F=12.6 and P=0.0001. There were higher and positive students' attitudes regarding the five statements in favor of both models teaching compared to anatomage table and plastinated model teaching alone.

Conclusion: The first-year medical students have valued the combination of anatomage table and plastinated prosections in learning and assessing anatomy education at the undergraduate level. The advantages outweigh the limitation of these educational tools.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/AMEP.S310147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8186936PMC
June 2021

Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Mental Health and Professional Psychomotor Skills of Dental Students.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2021 3;14:675-685. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To estimate dental students' self-perception of mental well-being (MWB) and its effects on their clinical psychomotor skills (CPS) once they (or their family members) get infected with COVID-19.

Materials And Methods: This is a cross-sectional (n =268) study from a public dental college in Riyadh. We collected data on MWB and CPS. An 18-item online survey was used to collect the responses from the participants. The inter-rater reliability for the finalised survey came out to be 0.86.

Results: The participants (54.3%) who were infected with COVID-19 recorded that their CPS were significantly affected (almost 4 times higher) as compared to others (= 4.02; =0.0004). However, 42.2% reported infection control measures at clinics resulted in bringing significant (=2.22, =0.04) psychological upsets, for those who were infected with COVID-19. Participants (45.1%) also reported that they have difficulty in recalling old memories or information due to the COVID-19 pandemic; among them, 46.7% were the ones who (and/or any family member) were exposed to COVID-19.

Conclusion: The study spotlighted the extent of dental students' MWB and its significant effect on their CPS once (themselves or a family member) infected with COVID-19. Moreover, levels of infection control measures at clinics resulted in psychological upsets for dental students.

Clinical Significance: The issue is fundamental as participants enter the clinical workforce and face the ever-increasing demands of dental practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S317641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8184245PMC
June 2021

Immunopathogenesis and immunobiology of SARS-CoV-2.

Infez Med 2021 Jun;29(2):167-180

Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), in a very short span of thirteen months has taken a considerable toll on humanity, resulting in over 3 million deaths with more than 150 million confirmed cases as on May 1, 2021. In the scarcity of a potential antiviral and protective vaccine, COVID-19 has posed high public health concerns, panic, and challenges to limit the spread of this pandemic virus. Only recently have a few vaccine candidates been developed, and vaccination programs have started in some countries. Multiple clinical presentations of COVID-19, animal spillover, cross-species jumping, zoonotic concerns, and emergence of virus variants have altogether created havoc during this ongoing pandemic. Several bodies of research are continuously working to elucidate the exact molecular mechanisms of the pathogenesis. To develop a prospective antiviral therapy/vaccine for SARSCoV-2, it is quite essential to gain insight into the immunobiology and molecular virology of SARS-CoV-2. A thorough literature search was conducted up to 28th February 2021 in the PubMed and other databases for the articles describing the immunopathology and immune response of SARS-CoV-2 infection, which were critically evaluated and used to compile this article to present an overall update. Some of the information was drawn from studies on previous MERS and SARS viruses. Innate as well as adaptive immunity responses are elicited by exposure to SARS-CoV-2. SARS-CoV-2 establishes a successful infection by escaping the host immunity as well as over activating the innate immune mechanisms that result in severe disease outcomes, including cytokine storm. This review summarizes the immunopathology and molecular immune mechanisms elicited during SARS-CoV-2 infection, and their similarities with MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV.
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June 2021

The role of disinfectants and sanitizers during COVID-19 pandemic: advantages and deleterious effects on humans and the environment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 15;28(26):34211-34228. Epub 2021 May 15.

Medical Research Unit, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.

Disinfectants and sanitizers are essential preventive agents against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; however, the pandemic crisis was marred by undue hype, which led to the indiscriminate use of disinfectants and sanitizers. Despite demonstrating a beneficial role in the control and prevention of COVID-19, there are crucial concerns regarding the large-scale use of disinfectants and sanitizers, including the side effects on human and animal health along with harmful impacts exerted on the environment and ecological balance. This article discusses the roles of disinfectants and sanitizers in the control and prevention of the current pandemic and highlights updated disinfection techniques against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This article provides evidence of the deleterious effects of disinfectants and sanitizers exerted on humans, animals, and the environment as well as suggests mitigation strategies to reduce these effects. Additionally, potential technologies and approaches for the reduction of these effects and the development of safe, affordable, and effective disinfectants are discussed, particularly, eco-friendly technologies using nanotechnology and nanomedicine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14429-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8122186PMC
July 2021

A Bibliometric Analysis of the One Hundred Most Cited Studies in Psychosomatic Research.

Psychother Psychosom 2021 6;90(6):425-430. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Psychosomatics and Psychiatry, ZhongDa Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000516185DOI Listing
May 2021

Research trends in rabies vaccine in the last three decades: a bibliometric analysis of global perspective.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 09 4;17(9):3169-3177. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Introduction: Rabies is an infectious zoonotic viral disease which mainly occurs in Africa and Asia. Dogs are predominantly responsible for rabies transmission contributing up to 99% of all human rabies cases. Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in both animals and humans.

Objective: This study aimed to quantify and characterize the scientific literature and identify the top most cited studies in rabies vaccine research (RVR) from 1991 to 2020.

Methods: The data used in this study were downloaded from Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC), Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCI-E) database. Network visualization analysis was performed using VOSviewer software.

Results: A total of 1,042 papers (article: n = 986, 94.6%, review: n = 56, 5.4%) were included in this study. These have been cited 17,390 times with an average citation per paper was 16.69 times. The most frequent publication year was 2019 (n = 75, 7.2%). More than 55% studies were published from the United State of America (USA) (n = 380, 36.5%), France (n = 128, 12.3%), and China (n = 97, 9.3%). The most studied Web of Science (WoS) category was immunology (n = 344, 33%). The most prolific author in RVR was Rupprecht CE (n = 55, 5.3%). ' was the leading journal (n = 218, 20.9%). Rabies was the most widely used keyword.

Conclusion: Abundant literature has been published on RVR in developed countries. This study might provide a reference to understand the current and future research trends in RVR. In developing countries research collaboration and co-operation among institutes and researchers needs to be strengthened with developed countries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2021.1910000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8381806PMC
September 2021

Trends in hepatitis A research indexed in the Web of Science: a bibliometric analysis over the period from 1985 to 2019.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 09 4;17(9):3221-3229. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Objective: A bibliometric analysis was conducted to build an all-inclusive view of the status of research on hepatitis A virus (HAV) for facilitating researchers, health professionals, and policymakers to understand the characteristics of research output in this particular domain.

Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted in the Web of Science database. The obtained data were exported into Microsoft Excel 2019, OriginPro 2018 and VOSviewer software for windows.

Results: From 1985 to 2019, a total of 5,950 studies on HAV were published, with an overall h-index of 105, and 90,350 total citations. The most cited article on HAV was "Classification of chronic viral hepatitis: a need for reassessment" authored by Scheuer in the Journal of Hepatology with a total of 1,121 citations. The most cited article on HAV vaccine was "A controlled trial of a formalin-inactivated hepatitis A vaccine in healthy children" by Werzberger et al. in the New England Journal of Medicine with 401 citations. The most frequent year of publication was 2019 (n = 250). The largest number of studies were funded by the United States Department of Health Human Services (n = 199). The organization with the highest number of publications was the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (n = 228). The United State of America (n = 1,500) was the country with the most publications. 'Vaccine' was the leading journal with 299 publications.

Conclusions: The highest numbers of studies were published in developed countries. There is a clear need for interdisciplinary research approaches to evaluate and intervene in HAV endemic areas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2021.1914804DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8381813PMC
September 2021

Asperuloside Enhances Taste Perception and Prevents Weight Gain in High-Fat Fed Mice.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 13;12:615446. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Newnham, TAS, Australia.

Asperuloside is an iridoid glycoside found in many medicinal plants that has produced promising anti-obesity results in animal models. In previous studies, three months of asperuloside administration reduced food intake, body weight, and adipose masses in rats consuming a high fat diet (HFD). However, the mechanisms by which asperuloside exerts its anti-obesity properties were not clarified. Here, we investigated homeostatic and nutrient-sensing mechanisms regulating food intake in mice consuming HFD. We confirmed the anti-obesity properties of asperuloside and, importantly, we identified some mechanisms that could be responsible for its therapeutic effect. Asperuloside reduced body weight and food intake in mice consuming HFD by 10.5 and 12.8% respectively, with no effect on mice eating a standard chow diet. Fasting glucose and plasma insulin were also significantly reduced. Mechanistically, asperuloside significantly reduced hypothalamic mRNA ghrelin, leptin, and pro-opiomelanocortin in mice consuming HFD. The expression of fat lingual receptors (CD36, FFAR1-4), CB1R and sweet lingual receptors (TAS1R2-3) was increased almost 2-fold by the administration of asperuloside. Our findings suggest that asperuloside might exert its therapeutic effects by altering nutrient-sensing receptors in the oral cavity as well as hypothalamic receptors involved in food intake when mice are exposed to obesogenic diets. This signaling pathway is known to influence the subtle hypothalamic equilibrium between energy homeostasis and reward-induced overeating responses. The present pre-clinical study demonstrated that targeting the gustatory system through asperuloside administration could represent a promising and effective new anti-obesity strategy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2021.615446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8076851PMC
December 2021

Faculty development program assists the new faculty in constructing high-quality short answer questions; a quasi-experimental study.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(3):e0249319. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Faculty development programs (FD) prepare the faculty for their educational role and career tasks. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of FDP in advancing the quality of short-answer questions (SAQs). This was a quasi-experimental study, comprising 37 new faculty. The SAQs were examined on psychometric analysis and Bloom's cognitive levels for the two educational blocks of 1st medical year (i.e. Musculoskeletal (MSK) and Renal blocks). We found substantial improvement in the discrimination index values of SAQs prepared after the workshop (p = 0.04). A higher number of SAQs with moderate difficulty and higher discrimination were also observed. Flaws within the post-workshop questions were reduced (3.0%) when compared with pre-workshop (12.5%). The major incline was also reported within Bloom's cognitive levels when pre-workshop K2 questions (30%) were compared with post-workshop (45.5%) with a p-value = 0.05. The SAQs constructed by the faculty member without participating in FDP are generally of unsatisfactory quality. After the FDP the assessment items of two blocks improved for various parameters of student assessment. The current study advocates that newly joined faculty shall be provided with the FDP to be guided, trained and supported for improving the quality of assessment through SAQs items writing.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0249319PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8007032PMC
October 2021

Epidemiology of coronaviruses, genetics, vaccines, and scenario of current pandemic of coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19): a fuzzy set approach.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 05 15;17(5):1296-1303. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are associated with a range of respiratory complications. In the last two decades, three major outbreaks have been reported due to HCoVs including the current pandemic. In December 2019, a newly emerged virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in Wuhan city, China. This paper presents a detailed review of the literature and discusses the uncertain spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using fuzzy set as classical set theory logic to measure uncertainty and vagueness of COVID-19 in China. Our findings show that both infection and death rate touched the peak (normal fuzzy sets) and have shown a decline. The graphs are not convex, which shows that there remains much uncertainty in the spread of COVID-19. Effective vaccines are clearly needed to control and prevent the COVID-19 pandemic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1798697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8078768PMC
May 2021

Research trends in COVID-19 vaccine: a bibliometric analysis.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 08 9;17(8):2367-2372. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

: In the last two decades the world has experienced many outbreaks of infectious diseases including the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. COVID-19 was first reported in China and spread to more than 200 countries and territories. At present, there are no available treatment and vaccines for COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the global research trends in COVID-19 vaccine.: On January 12, 2020, a comprehensive search of documents on COVID-19 was conducted in the Web of Science Core Collection database. HistCite and VOSviewer softwares are used for citations and visualization mapping.: A total of 916 documents authored by 4,392 authors and published in 376 journals were included in the final analysis. Majority of the retrieved documents consisted of articles (n = 372, 40.6%). The most prolific authors were Dhama K (n = 10, 1.1%) and Hotez PJ (n = 10, 1.1%). The most active institution was the University of Oxford (n = 24, 2.6%). The leading journal in COVID-19 vaccine was (n = 43, 4.7%). The most frequently used keywords were COVID (n = 597, 65.2%), and vaccine (n = 521, 56.9%). Furthermore, visualization mapping shows that COVID-19 was the most co-occurrence author keyword. The United States of America (USA) was the most productive country, 352 (38.4%).: This is the first bibliometric study that provides detailed information about published literature on the COVID-19 vaccine. Majority of the publications were published in developed countries. The findings may useful for researchers and policymakers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2021.1886806DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8475596PMC
August 2021

Professionalism development of undergraduate medical students: Effect of time and transition.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(9):e23580

Department of Medical Education, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Abstract: Changeover phases are essential and inevitable times in professional life, which let the learners adapt and grasp emerging opportunities for learning based on the past experiences with the catering of novel creativity as required in the present as well as emerging time. This study was carried out to examine the effectiveness of a professionalism course, during the transition from a non-clinical to clinical setting, within the context of undergraduate medical education.This observational study was conducted during 2019 to 2020, with pre- and post-professionalism course evaluation. We used the Dundee Poly-professionalism inventory-1: Academic Integrity, among the undergraduate medical students.Our results are based on the medical student's professional progress with the transition from 2nd year to 3rd year. During the 1st phase of the study, the participants at their Pre-Professionalism Course (PrPC) level in their 2nd medical year (only attended the introductory lectures for professionalism), showed a good understanding of professionalism. For the 2nd phase, when the same students, at their Post-Professionalism Course (PoPC) level, in their 3rd year (completed professionalism course) filled the same survey and it was found that there was no decline in their understanding of the topic, even after more than a year. They were even more aware of the significance of professionalism in their clinical settings.Despite a year gap, the understanding of professionalism among students was stable. Results helped us infer that time laps did not affect the professionalism concept learned earlier; rather during clinical settings, students become more aware of professionalism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000023580DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7939229PMC
March 2021

Predictors of misconceptions, knowledge, attitudes, and practices of COVID-19 pandemic among a sample of Saudi population.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(12):e0243526. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

This study intends to explore the predictors of misconceptions, knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning the COVID-19 pandemic among a sample of the Saudi population and we also assessed their approaches toward its overall impact. This online cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University (KAU) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (SA). Participants were approached via social media (SM), and 2006 participants (953 [47.5%] females and 1053 [52.5%] males) were included in this study. SM was the leading source of information for 43.9% of the study participants. Most of the participants had various misconceptions such as "females are more vulnerable to develop this infection, rinsing the nose with saline and sipping water every 15 minutes protects against Coronavirus, flu and pneumonia vaccines protect against this virus." About one-third of participants (31.7%) had self-reported disturbed social, mental, and psychological wellbeing due to the pandemic. Many participants became more religious during this pandemic. Two-thirds of the study participants (68.1%) had good knowledge scores. Attitudes were highly positive in 93.1%, and practice scores were adequate in 97.7% of the participants. Participants' educational status was a predictor of high knowledge scores. Male gender and divorced status were predictors of low practice scores, and aged 51-61 years, private-sector jobs, and student status were predictors of high practice scores. Being Saudi was a predictor of a positive attitude, while the male gender and divorced status were predictors of a negative attitude. Higher education was a predictor of good concepts, while the older age and businessmen were predictors of misconceptions. Overall, our study participants had good knowledge, positive attitudes, and good practices, but several myths were also prevalent. Being a PhD and a Saudi national predicted high knowledge scores and positive attitudes, respectively. A higher education level was a predictor of good concepts, and students, private-sector jobs, and aged 51-61 years were predictors of high practice scores. Study participants had good understanding of the effects of this pandemic.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0243526PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7725365PMC
December 2020

Association of COVID-19 Pandemic with Undergraduate Medical Students' Perceived Stress and Coping [Response to Letter].

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2020 27;13:1101-1102. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S292018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7708311PMC
November 2020

Correction: Development of wound healing scaffolds with precisely-triggered sequential release of therapeutic nanoparticles.

Biomater Sci 2021 Mar;9(5):1888

Tissue Engineering Research Group, Dept. of Anatomy and Regenerative Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Dublin, Ireland and Advanced Materials and Bioengineering Research Centre (AMBER), RCSI and Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland and Trinity Centre for Bioengineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA.

Correction for 'Development of wound healing scaffolds with precisely-triggered sequential release of therapeutic nanoparticles' by Tauseef Ahmad et al., Biomater. Sci., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0bm01277g.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0bm90105aDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8323775PMC
March 2021
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