Publications by authors named "Tatsuya Karasudani"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characterization of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak strain whose Shiga toxin 2 gene is inactivated by IS1203v insertion.

Jpn J Infect Dis 2013 ;66(3):201-6

Ehime Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Environmental Science, Ehime, Japan.

A total of 12 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 strains were isolated during a recent outbreak in a nursery school in Ehime Prefecture, Japan. These isolates were considered to be derived from a common strain when analyzed using an IS-printing method and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. PCR analysis revealed that the isolates harbor stx1, stx2, eae, and hlyA. However, assessment of the production of the Stx proteins revealed that these isolates produced Stx1 but not Stx2. We determined their stx2 variants such as stx2c and found that the size of the PCR product was much larger than the expected size. Sequencing of the entire stx2 gene revealed that a 1310-bp fragment was inserted into the coding region of the Stx2A subunit and that the sequences of the insert were identical to those of IS1203v. According to the sequences around the insertion site, additional amino acid residues should be attached at the C-terminus of the A subunit, which may hamper the Stx2 complex formation. Finally, this study also suggested that such an insertion may lead to the misinterpretation of results when screening EHEC isolates for virulence genes by PCR.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7883/yoken.66.201DOI Listing
December 2013

[Legionella contamination risk factors in non-circulating hot spring water].

Kansenshogaku Zasshi 2009 Jan;83(1):36-44

Ehime Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Environmental Science.

We examined water from 182 non-circulating hot spring bathing facilities in Japan for possible Legionella occurrence from June 2005 to December 2006, finding Legionella-positive cultures in 119 (29.5%) of 403 samples. Legionellae occurrence was most prevalent in bathtub water (39.4%), followed by storage tank water (23.8%), water from faucets at the bathtub edge (22.3%), and source-spring water (8.3%), indicating no statistically significant difference, in the number of legionellae, having an overall mean of 66 CFU/100mL. The maximum number of legionellae in water increased as water was sampled downstream:180 CFU/100 mL from source spring, 670 from storage tanks, 4,000 from inlet faucets, and 6,800 from bathtubs. The majority--85.7%--of isolated species were identified as L. pneumophila : L. pneumophila serogroup (SG) 1 in 22%, SG 5 in 21%, and SG 6 in 22% of positive samples. Multivariate logistic regression models used to determine the characteristics of facilities and sanitary management associated with Legionella contamination indicated that legionellae was prevalent in bathtub water under conditions where it was isolated from inlet faucet/pouring gate water (odds ratio [OR] = 6.98, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.14 to 22.8). Risk of occurrence was also high when the bathtub volume exceeded 5 m3 (OR = 2.74, 95% CI = 1.28 to 5.89). Legionellae occurrence was significantly reduced when the bathing water pH was lower than 6.0 (OR = 0.12, 95% CI = 0.02 to 0.63). Similarly, occurrence was rare in inlet faucet water or the upper part of the plumbing system for which pH was lower than 6.0 (OR = 0.06, 95% CI = 0.01 to 0.48), and when the water temperature was maintained at 55 degrees C or more (OR = 0.10, 95% CI = 0.01 to 0.77). We also examined the occurrence of amoeba, Mycobacterium spp., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus in water samples.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi.83.36DOI Listing
January 2009

Occurrence and distribution of Naegleria species in thermal waters in Japan.

J Eukaryot Microbiol 2003 ;50 Suppl:514-5

Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Toyama 1-23-1, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2003.tb00614.xDOI Listing
March 2004