Publications by authors named "Tatiana V Nikitina"

3 Publications

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A mosaic intragenic microduplication of LAMA1 and a constitutional 18p11.32 microduplication in a patient with keratosis pilaris and intellectual disability.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 11 23;176(11):2395-2403. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Laboratory of Cytogenetics, Research Institute of Medical Genetics, Tomsk NRMC, Tomsk, Russia.

The application of array-based comparative genomic hybridization and next-generation sequencing has identified many chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications in patients with different pathological phenotypes. Different copy number variations are described within the short arm of chromosome 18 in patients with skin diseases. In particular, full or partial monosomy 18p has also been associated with keratosis pilaris. Here, for the first time, we report a young male patient with intellectual disability, diabetes mellitus (type I), and keratosis pilaris, who exhibited a de novo 45-kb microduplication of exons 4-22 of LAMA1, located at 18p11.31, and a 432-kb 18p11.32 microduplication of paternal origin containing the genes METTL4, NDC80, and CBX3P2 and exons 1-15 of the SMCHD1 gene. The microduplication of LAMA1 was identified in skin fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes, whereas the larger microduplication was present in both tissues. We propose LAMA1 as a novel candidate gene for keratosis pilaris. Although inherited from a healthy father, the 18p11.32 microduplication, which included relevant genes, could also contribute to phenotype manifestation.
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November 2018

Comparative Cytogenetic Analysis of Spontaneous Abortions in Recurrent and Sporadic Pregnancy Losses.

Biomed Hub 2016 Jan-Apr;1(1):1-11. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

Laboratory of Cytogenetics, Institute of Medical Genetics, Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk, Russia.

Background: The majority of miscarriages are sporadic; however, 1-5% of couples experience recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Approximately 50-60% of miscarriages result from chromosomal abnormalities. Currently, there are conflicting reports regarding the rates of chromosomal abnormalities between recurrent and sporadic pregnancy losses.

Methods: A retrospective comparative cytogenetic analysis of 442 RPL and 466 sporadic abortions (SA) was performed. Maternal age and medical background were evaluated, and chromosomal abnormality rates were compared between groups.

Results: The frequency of embryos with abnormal karyotypes was significantly higher in SA compared to RPL (56.7 and 46.6%, respectively), and abortions from women under 30 years of age were the main contributor to this difference. An age-dependent increase in the abnormal karyotype rate was observed in two groups of women - those with SA [53.0 and 70.1% for younger and older (≥35-year-old) mothers, respectively] and those with idiopathic RPL without any concomitant reproductive pathology (46.5 and 78.4% for younger and older mothers) - but not in the group of women with RPL associated with concomitant reproductive pathology. The incidence of recurrent abnormal karyotypes in subsequent miscarriages was significantly higher than random probability (odds ratio = 22.75).

Conclusion: Our findings highlight the variability in the risk of aneuploidy in recurrent abortion.
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April 2016

A versatile strategy for the synthesis of functionalized 2,2'-bi- and 2,2':6',2' '-terpyridines via their 1,2,4-triazine analogues.

J Org Chem 2003 Apr;68(7):2882-8

Ural State Technical University, 620002, Ekaterinburg, Russia, and Institut für Organische Chemie, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg, Germany.

A general synthetic route for the synthesis of functionalized bi- and terpyridines is reported. Functionalized 1,2,4-triazene 4-oxides 7 and 8-obtained from the reaction of hydrazones 1 with pyridine aldehydes and followed by oxidation-are functionalized by introduction of a cyano group via nucleophilic aromatic substitution. The thus-obtained 5-cyano-1,2,4-triazines 9 and 10 undergo facile inverse-electron-demand Diels-Alder reactions with enamines and alkenes to yield functionalized bi- and terpyridines, respectively. The substituent at position 6 of the 1,2,4-triazene 4-oxides must be aromatic or heteroaromatic in order to allow their facile synthesis, but other substituents and reagents may vary. Each step of the synthetic route allows diversification, which makes the approach particularly useful for the facile synthesis of a large variety of functionalized bi- and terpyridines.
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April 2003