Publications by authors named "Tassadit Ait Abdesselam"

4 Publications

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Increased high molecular weight adiponectin and lean mass during tocilizumab treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a 12-month multicentre study.

Arthritis Res Ther 2020 09 29;22(1):224. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Laboratoire de Biochimie Médicale, UF de Biochimie Endocrinienne et Métabolique, CHU de Besançon; EA 3920 Marqueurs pronostiques et facteurs de régulation des pathologies cardiaques et vasculaires, Université de Bourgogne Franche Comté, Besançon, France.

Background: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Adiponectin is involved in the metabolism of glucose and lipids with favourable effects on CV disease, especially its high molecular weight (HMW) isoform. Body composition changes are described in RA with various phenotypes including obesity. The effects of tocilizumab on serum adiponectin and body composition, especially fat mass, in patients with RA are not well determined.

Methods: Patients with active RA despite previous csDMARDs and/or bDMARDs and who were tocilizumab naïve were enrolled in a multicentre open-label study. They were evaluated at baseline, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Clinical assessment included body mass index (BMI) and anthropometric measurements. Lipid and metabolic parameters, serum adiponectin (total and HMW), leptin, resistin and ghrelin were measured at each time point. Body composition (lean mass, fat mass, % fat, fat in the android and gynoid regions) was evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 months.

Results: One hundred seven patients were included. Both total and HMW adiponectin significantly increased from baseline to month 3, peaking respectively at month 3 (p = 0.0105) and month 1 (p < 0.0001), then declining progressively until month 6 to 12 and returning to baseline values. Significant elevation in HMW adiponectin persisted at month 6 (p = 0.001). BMI and waist circumference significantly increased at month 6 and 12, as well as lean mass at month 6 (p = 0.0097). Fat mass, percentage fat and android fat did not change over the study period. Lipid parameters (total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol) increased while glycaemia, insulin and HOMA-IR remained stable. Serum leptin, resistin and ghrelin did not change during follow-up.

Conclusions: Tocilizumab treatment in RA patients was associated with a significant increase in total and HMW adiponectin, especially at the onset of the treatment. Tocilizumab also induced a significant gain in lean mass, while fat mass did not change. These variations in adiponectin levels during tocilizumab treatment could have positive effects on the CV risk of RA patients. In addition, tocilizumab may have an anabolic impact on lean mass/skeletal muscle.

Trial Registration: The ADIPRAT study was a phase IV open-label multicentre study retrospectively registered on ClinicalTrials.gov under the number NCT02843789 (date of registration: July 26, 2016).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-020-02297-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7523335PMC
September 2020

Atypical forms of syphilis: two cases.

Joint Bone Spine 2009 May 16;76(3):293-5. Epub 2009 Mar 16.

Service de Rhumatologie, CHU-Hôpitaux de Rouen, & Inserm, U905, IFRMP23, Institut de Biologie Clinique, Rouen, France.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. A chancre usually develops initially. Organ involvement and neurological complications may occur, sometimes several years after the initial exposure. We managed two patients with syphilis responsible for joint or neurological manifestations, diagnosed in 2008. One patient presented with oligoarthritis involving the knees and right elbow, coinciding with a maculopapular and pustular eruption. In the other patient, meningoradiculitis involving the T8, T9, and T10 metameres prompted a test for Lyme disease, which was weakly positive, leading to evaluation for false-positivity due to a cross-reaction. Neither patient was infected with the HIV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbspin.2008.10.012DOI Listing
May 2009

Smoking and inflammatory diseases.

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2008 Oct;22(5):923-35

Department of Rheumatology, Rouen University Hospital & Inserm U905, Rouen, France.

Smoking has an impact on the development and outcome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and lupus. In RA, smoking is associated with the development of the anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP2)-positive subset. This risk is increased in heavy smokers carrying at least one copy of the HLA DRB1 shared epitope (SE) alleles. Whereas this interaction between smoking and SE relevant in northern Europe, discrepant results have been observed in other geographic locations, suggesting the involvement of other environmental stimuli and/or gene polymorphisms. There is no interaction between tobacco exposure and PTPN22 1858T for the development of anti-CCP-positive or anti-CCP-negative RA. A strong association exists between smoking and the occurrence of extra-articular manifestations (subcutaneous nodules and cardiovascular events), but smoking has no influence on radiographic outcome. In lupus, tobacco exposure has an impact on the production of anti-double-stranded Desoxyribonuclic (dsDNA) and possibly on the development of the disease, as well as on disease activity/severity. In both diseases, smoking might interfere with drug efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.berh.2008.09.011DOI Listing
October 2008