Publications by authors named "Tariq Mehmood Satti"

10 Publications

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Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in aplastic anemia: current indications and transplant strategies.

Blood Rev 2020 Oct 31:100772. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Department of Hematology Oncology and Stem Cell Transplant, Quaid-e-Azam International Hospital, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.

Treatment options for newly diagnosed aplastic anemia (AA) patient includes upfront allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) or immunosuppressive therapy (IST). With recent advances in supportive care, conditioning regimens and post-transplant immunosuppression the overall survival for HSCT approaches 70-90%. Transplant eligibility needs to be assessed considering age, comorbidities, donor availability and probability of response to immunosuppressive therapy (IST). Upfront HSCT should be offered to children and young adults with matched related donor (MRD). Upfront HSCT may also be offered to children and young adults with rapidly available matched unrelated donor (MUD) who require urgent HSCT. Bone marrow (BM) graft source and cyclosporine (CsA) plus methotrexate (MTX) as graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis are preferable when using anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) based conditioning regimens. Alemtuzumab is an acceptable alternative to ATG and is used with CsA alone and with either BM or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC). Cyclophosphamide (CY) plus ATG conditioning is preferable for patients receiving MRD transplant, while Fludarabine (Flu) based conditioning is reserved for older adults, those with risk factors of graft failure and those receiving MUD HSCT. For haploidentical transplant, use of low dose radiotherapy and post-transplant cyclophosphamide has resulted in a marked reduction in graft failure and GVHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.blre.2020.100772DOI Listing
October 2020

Single-Agent Cyclosporine for Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis in Patients with Acquired Aplastic Anemia Receiving Fludarabine-Based Conditioning.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 12 24;26(12):2245-2251. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Department of Hematology Oncology and Stem Cell Transplant, Quaid-e-Azam International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Cyclosporine (CsA) combined with short-course methotrexate is considered standard-of-care graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis for patients with severe aplastic anemia (AA) who undergo transplantation using cyclophosphamide (Cy) plus anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) conditioning. However, there is no consensus on optimal post-transplant GVHD prophylaxis for patients undergoing matched related donor (MRD) transplantation using fludarabine (Flu)-based conditioning. We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis of patients with acquired AA (n = 106) undergoing MRD transplantation from July 2007 through January 2019. All patients received Flu-Cy-ATG conditioning and single-agent CsA as GVHD prophylaxis. Median age of the study cohort was 20 years (range, 3 to 52) and male to female ratio was 3.8:1. Median time from diagnosis to transplant was 11.5 months (range, 2.8 to 62). Graft source was bone marrow harvest in 71 (68%), combined bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells in 34 (31%), and peripheral blood alone in 1 (1%) patient. Cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day 28 was 93.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 87.3% to 97.1%) while that of platelet engraftment at day 100 was 90.5% (95% CI, 84% to 96%). Cumulative incidence of primary graft failure at day 28 was 6.6% (95% CI, 4% to 8%) while secondary graft failure occurred at a median of 190 days (range, 90 to 415) at a cumulative incidence of 3.7% (95% CI, 2% to 5%). Cumulative incidence of grade II to IV acute GVHD at day 100 was 3.8% (95% CI, 1.4% to 9.9%), while a 1-year probability of chronic GVHD was calculated as 7.5% (95% CI, 2.6% to 15%). Median follow-up post-transplant was 61 months (range, 6 to 144). Overall survival was 84.9%, disease-free survival was 80.2%, and GVHD-free relapse-free survival was 76.3%. This study indicates that single-agent cyclosporine is a feasible option for GVHD prophylaxis in MRD hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using Flu-Cy-ATG conditioning and is associated with very low rates of acute and chronic GVHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.07.026DOI Listing
December 2020

Outcome of Fludarabine-Based Conditioning in High-Risk Aplastic Anemia Patients Undergoing Matched Related Donor Transplantation: A Single-Center Study from Pakistan.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 12 5;25(12):2375-2382. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Department of Hematology Oncology and Stem Cell Transplant, Quaid e Azam International Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan.

Despite excellent transplant outcomes of aplastic anemia (AA) in developed countries, management in developing countries is challenging because of delay in the diagnosis, use of family donors for transfusions, and higher infection risk pretransplant. These factors can lead to allo-immunization, increased risk of graft failure, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and transplant-related mortality, leading to unfavorable outcomes. Conventional cyclophosphamide (Cy) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) are associated with inferior overall survival in such high-risk patients. We conducted single-center retrospective analysis of high-risk AA patients (N = 147) enrolled consecutively and undergoing matched related donor transplant from March 2002 through October 2018. We included high-risk AA patients receiving fludarabine (Flu)-based conditioning. Median patient age was 20 years (range, 3 to 52). The median time from diagnosis to transplant was 11 months (range, 3 to 63). High-risk features included age ≥ 20 years in 55.8% of patients (n = 82), disease duration more than 3 months in 95 % (n = 140), RBC concentrates transfusions > 20 in 79.6% (n = 117), random donor platelet transfusion > 50 in 64.6% of patients (n = 95), and second hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in 7.4% (11). We divided patients into 2 groups based on different conditioning regimens. Flu group 1 (Flu1) received Flu 120 to 150 mg/m, Cy 120 to 200 mg/kg, and ATG 20 mg/kg, and Flu group 2 (Flu2) was given Flu 150 mg/m, Cy 300 mg/m, and ATG 20 mg/kg. Bone marrow stem cells were used as graft source in 97% of patients (n = 144) (alone in 52% and with peripheral blood stem cells in 45%). Cyclosporine alone was used for GVHD prophylaxis in 75% (n = 110) and cyclosporine plus methotrexate in 25% (n = 37). Median total nucleated cell dose was 5 × 10/kg. Median days for neutrophil engraftment was 13 (range, 10 to 20) and platelet engraftment 20 (range, 14 to 43). Day 100 mortality was 7.5% (n = 11). Sustained successful engraftment was achieved in 87.8% of patients (n = 129). Most graft failures (40%) occurred in Flu2 conditioning (P = .000) and in patients with >2 risk factors (P = .000). Overall incidence of acute and chronic GVHD was 11.6% (n = 17) and 12.9% (n = 19), respectively, in Flu1 and Flu2 groups. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and GVHD-free relapse-free survival (GRFS) was 83.7%, 78.2%, and 70.7%, respectively. A trend toward improved OS was observed in patients receiving Flu1 conditioning but was statistically nonsignificant (P = .256), whereas DFS and GRFS were significantly better in Flu1 versus Flu2 (P = .004 and .001, respectively). When stratified per number of risk factors (age > 20, RBC concentrate > 20 or platelet > 50 random, duration > 3 months, previous HSCT), OS and DFS decreased significantly with increasing number of risk factors (P = .000 and .001, respectively). Patients are able to tolerate Flu-based conditioning well with lower rates of rejection and excellent long-term survival in high-risk AA patients. Cyclosporine alone as GVHD prophylaxis and marrow source stem cells as graft source are preferable options. Use of Flu plus low-dose Cy conditioning is associated with inferior survival outcomes. A randomized trial of Flu-based versus conventional Cy-containing conditioning would be helpful in establishing a standard of care conditioning regimen in high-risk AA patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.07.029DOI Listing
December 2019

Postallogeneic stem cell transplant Hodgkin lymphoma: Rare presentation of an uncommon occurrence.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Jul 18;7(7):1442-1444. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Armed forces Bone marrow transplant centre Rawalpindi Pakistan.

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders are rare but potentially life-threatening complication of HSCT. Although not frequently reported but PTLD can occur as a late post-transplant complication in HSCT recipients. A high index of suspicion should be kept for early diagnosis of these disorders as delay in diagnosis can have catastrophic implications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6637351PMC
July 2019

Noble Metal Coated Central Venous Catheters Are Not Superior To Uncoated Catheters In Preventing Infectious And Non-Infectious Complications In Immunocompromised Patients.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2018 Oct-Dec;30(Suppl 1)(4):S647-S651

Stem Cell Transplant, Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Background: Patients with haematological malignancies and stem cell transplant recipients are at high risk of opportunistic infections. Little international and no national data is available comparing noble metal coated versus uncoated central venous catheters (CVC) in this special population of severely immunocompromised patients. Objective of the study is to compare infectious and non-infectious complications of noble metal coated versus uncoated central venous catheters in patients undergoing stem cell transplantation and receiving chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukaemia.

Methods: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, randomized study (January to December 2016), enrolling 45 consecutive patients undergoing stem cell transplantation or chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukaemia. Patients were randomized in 2 groups. Twenty 23 patients received standard CVC and 22 patients received CVC catheters coated with three noble metals (Gold, Silver, Palladium). Patients were observed for catheter related infectious and noninfectious complications. Data was analysed using SPSS.

Results: Mean age was 24.3 (±4.91) in uncoated and 25.09 (±5.22) in coated CVL group. CRBSI infection was detected in 2 (8.6%) and 3 (13.6%) patients in uncoated and coated group respectively with p-value of .279. There was no statistically significant difference in febrile episodes between coated (95.4%) and uncoated (91.3%) group. While we considered non-infectious complications, 2 patients in coated (8.6%) and 1 in uncoated CVCs group (4.3%) had CVC thrombosis which was not significant statistically.

Conclusion: There was no efficacy of BG-thin noble metal coated CVCs in reducing infectious and non-infectious complications (thrombosis) in our study.
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April 2019

Lenalidomide Induced Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis and Del (5q): Co-occurrence of Rarities.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Jun;28(6):S89-S90

Department of Hematology, Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi.

Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a clonal, BCR-ABL1 negative myeloproliferative neoplasm characterised by splenomegaly, leukoerythroblastic peripheral blood picture and bone marrow fibrosis. Different cytogentic abnormalities are documented in PMF which have impact on clinical outcome and overall survival. Del 5q31 is documented in only 0.8% of PMF patients and is associated with poor outcome and increased risk of progression to acute leukemia. Anemia with del 5q responds frequently to lenalidomide treatment. We are reporting case of a middle-aged male who presented with constitutional symptoms, myelofibrosis; and calreticulin type 2 mutation was present. His cytogenetics showed del 5q positivity. He was started on lenalidomide but developed toxic epidermal necrolysis, resultantly lenalidomide was stopped. Skin eruptions are a known entity in patients with lenalidomide therapy; but to date, there is no reported case of lenalidomide induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) in patients with myelofibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.06.S89DOI Listing
June 2018

Autologous mesenchymal stromal cell transplantation for spinal cord injury: A Phase I pilot study.

Cytotherapy 2016 Apr;18(4):518-22

Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Background Aims: Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) transplantation has immerged as promising therapeutic approach to treat spinal cord injury (SCI). In this pilot study, we investigated the safety of intrathecal injection of autologous bone marrow-derived MSCs in nine patients with SCI.

Methods: Patients with complete SCI at the thoracic level were divided into two groups: chronic (>6 months, group 1) and sub-acute SCI (<6 months, group 2), according to time elapsed since injury. MSCs were isolated by density gradient separation of autologous bone marrow harvested from the iliac crest. Cells were cultured in a Good Manufacturing Practice-compliant facility to produce clinical scale dose. After quality control testing, MSCs were injected back to patients by intrathecal injection. Safety was defined as absence of adverse event and side effects after 1 month after receiving the injection.

Results: Six patients had chronic SCI with a median duration of 33 months since date of injury (range: 10-55 months), and three patients were in sub-acute phase of disease. Each patient received two or three injections with a median of 1.2 × 10(6) MSCs/kg body weight. No treatment-related adverse event was observed during median follow-up of 720 days (range: 630-826 days) in group 1 and 366 days (range: 269-367 days) in group 2, respectively.

Discussion: This pilot study demonstrated that autologous MSCs can be safely administered through intrathecal injection in spinal cord injury patients. Further investigation through randomized, placebo-controlled trials is needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcyt.2016.01.004DOI Listing
April 2016

Association of GSTM1 and GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms with Pakistani aplastic anemia patients and controls and meta-analysis.

Ann Hematol 2015 Dec 1;94(12):1965-71. Epub 2015 Sep 1.

Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering Islamabad, G9/1 Mauve Area, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.

Interaction of environmental and genetic elements plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of aplastic anemia (AA). Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is a key detoxifying enzyme. Absence or low levels of this enzyme may genetically predispose individuals to AA. GST genes GSTM1 and GSTT1 are polymorphic. The aim of this study was to screen Pakistani AA patients and controls for GSTM1 deletion GSTM0 and GSTT1 deletion GSTT0 and perform meta-analysis using our data and other published data regarding these polymorphisms. DNA samples from 137 patients and 220 controls were screened using multiplex polymerase chain reaction. GSTM0 emerged as susceptible genotype for AA in Pakistan with a percentage frequency of 49.6 % as compared to 30 % in controls with odds ratio (OR) of 2.25, 95 % confidence interval (CI) of 1.4-3.5 and corrected p = 0.006. The meta-analysis showed a significant association between the null genotype GSTT0 and AA in overall analysis with OR of 1.47, 95 % CI of 1.01-2.13 and p value of 0.04 in random effects model. Studies like these could play a role in understanding the underlying path in AA pathogenesis and therefore can help in designing means for prevention, diagnose and treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-015-2482-0DOI Listing
December 2015

Outcome of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in aplastic anaemia.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2012 Sep;22(9):553-9

Department of Haematology, Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi.

Objective: To analyze factors associated with survival, rejection and graft versus host disease in aplastic anaemia patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) from HLA matched sibling donors.

Study Design: Analytical study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from July 2001 to June 2010.

Methodology: Consecutive aplastic anaemia (AA) patients undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplantation from HLA-matched sibling donors at this centre were included in this study. Potential factors affecting overall survival, rejection, disease-free survival and graft versus host disease were analyzed. Survival analysis was done by Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression model was applied for multivariate analysis.

Results: Ninety male and thirty-five female patients with AA were included in the study. Median age was 18 years. Conditioning regimens used were cyclophosphamide (Cy) plus antilymphocyte globulin (ALG) or antithymocyte globulin (ATG), fludarabine (FLU) +Cy+ATG, Campath 1-H +Cy in 89, 30 and 6 cases respectively. GVHD prophylaxis used was ciclosporin (CSA) plus prednisolone and short methotrexate in 81 while 44 received CSA plus prednisolone. At a median follow-up of 1185 days OS and DFS were 84% and 78% respectively. Factors associated with better OS were male sex, Flu/Cy/ATG conditioning and use of bone marrow as stem cell source.

Conclusion: Flu/Cy/ATG conditioning regimen, bone marrow as stem cell source and CSA, prednisolone and short methotrexate regimen were associated with better survival in AA.
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http://dx.doi.org/09.2012/JCPSP.553559DOI Listing
September 2012

Relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated by reduced-intensity allogeneic stem cell transplantation with donor lymphocyte infusion.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2010 Mar;20(3):211-3

Department of Haematology, Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi.

A 42 years old male with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was given second-line chemotherapy followed by reduced intensity allogeneic stem cell transplantation from HLA matched brother. Twelve weeks posttransplant, his disease relapsed evidenced by the appearance of lymphoma cells in the peripheral blood and declining donor chimerism. Donor lymphocyte infusion was given that induced complete lymphoma remission. The patient is well 3 years posttransplant with his disease in complete remission.
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http://dx.doi.org/03.2010/JCPSP.211213DOI Listing
March 2010