Publications by authors named "Tanmay Bhuin"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Developmental expression, co-localization and genetic interaction of exocyst component Sec15 with Rab11 during Drosophila development.

Exp Cell Res 2019 08 7;381(1):94-104. Epub 2019 May 7.

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221 005, India.

Sec15, a component of an evolutionarily conserved octomeric exocyst complex, has been identified as an interactor of GTP-bound Rab11 in mammals and Drosophila which shows its role in secretion in yeast and intracellular vesicle transport. Here, we report the expression patterns of Drosophila Sec15 (DSec15) transcript and Sec15 protein during Drosophila development. At early embryonic stages, a profound level of maternally loaded DSec15 transcript and protein is found. At cellular blastoderm cells (stage 5 embryos); the expression is seen in pole cells, apical membrane and sub-apical region. The transcript is predominantly accumulated in mesoderm, tracheal pits, gut, LE cells, trachea, and ventral nerve cord as development proceeds. While, a robust expression of Sec15 is seen in amnioserosa (AS), lateral epidermis (LAE), developing trachea, gut, ventral nerve cord and epithelial cells. During larval development, the transcript is also found in all imaginal discs with a distinguished accumulation in the morphogenetic furrow of eye disc, gut, proventriculus and gastric ceacae, garland cells/nephrocytes, malpighian tubules, ovary and testis. Further, we show that Sec15 co-localizes with Rab11 during Drosophila embryonic and larval development. Finally, using a genetic approach, we demonstrate that Sec15 interacts with Rab11 in producing blister during Drosophila wing development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2019.04.038DOI Listing
August 2019

Rab11 in disease progression.

Int J Mol Cell Med 2015 ;4(1):1-8

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, India.

Membrane/protein trafficking in the secretory/biosynthetic and endocytic pathways is mediated by vesicles. Vesicle trafficking in eukaryotes is regulated by a class of small monomeric GTPases: the Rab protein family. Rab proteins represent the largest branch of the Ras superfamily GTPases, and have been concerned in a variety of intracellular vesicle trafficking and different intracellular signalling pathways. Rab11 (a subfamily of the Ypt/Rab gene family), an evolutionarily conserved ubiquitously expressed subfamily of Rab GTPases, has been implicated in regulating vesicular trafficking through the recycling of endosomes. Rabs have been grouped into different subfamilies based on the distinct unambiguous sequence motifs. Three members: Rab11a, Rab11b and Rab25 make up the Rab11 GTPase subfamily. In this review article, we describe an overview over Rab11 subfamily with a brief structural aspect and its roles in implicating different disease progression.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4359700PMC
March 2015

Rab proteins: the key regulators of intracellular vesicle transport.

Exp Cell Res 2014 Oct 1;328(1):1-19. Epub 2014 Aug 1.

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India. Electronic address:

Vesicular/membrane trafficking essentially regulates the compartmentalization and abundance of proteins within the cells and contributes in many signalling pathways. This membrane transport in eukaryotic cells is a complex process regulated by a large and diverse array of proteins. A large group of monomeric small GTPases; the Rabs are essential components of this membrane trafficking route. Most of the Rabs are ubiquitously expressed proteins and have been implicated in vesicle formation, vesicle motility/delivery along cytoskeleton elements and docking/fusion at target membranes through the recruitment of effectors. Functional impairments of Rabs affecting transport pathways manifest different diseases. Rab functions are accompanied by cyclical activation and inactivation of GTP-bound and GDP-bound forms between the cytosol and membranes which is regulated by upstream regulators. Rab proteins are characterized by their distinct sub-cellular localization and regulate a wide variety of endocytic, transcytic and exocytic transport pathways. Mutations of Rabs affect cell growth, motility and other biological processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2014.07.027DOI Listing
October 2014

Rab11 is Required for Maintenance of Cell Shape Via βPS Integrin Mediated Cell Adhesion in Drosophila.

Int J Mol Cell Med 2012 ;1(4):185-90

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India.

In eukaryotes, vesicle trafficking is regulated by the small monomeric GTPases of the Rab protein family. Rab11, (a subfamily of the Ypt/Rab gene family) an evolutionarily conserved, ubiquitously expressed subfamily of small monomeric Rab GTPases, has been implicated in regulating vesicular trafficking through the recycling of endosomal compartment. In an earlier communication, we have shown that Rab11 is required for cell adhesion, maintenance of cell shape and actin-cytoskeleton organization during Drosophila wing development. Here, we report that Rab11 is required for the maintenance of cell shape via βPS integrin mediated cell adhesion. Cuticle preparations of the embryos, when Rab11 is over-expressed or activity of Rab11 is reduced via a double-stranded RNAi line, show dorsal open phenotypes. Immuno-fluorescence and immuno-histochemical analyses on embryos in the same genetic backgrounds also affect the localization of βPS integrins from the adhesion site of leading edge and amnioserosa cells during the dorsal closure stages of embryogenesis as well as the cellular morphology (cell shape) of the lateral epidermal cells.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3920512PMC
February 2014

Rab11 is required for cell adhesion, maintenance of cell shape and actin-cytoskeleton organization during Drosophila wing development.

Int J Dev Biol 2011 ;55(3):269-79

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Intracellular protein trafficking is a key factor in maintaining epithelial cell adhesion and cell shape. Small monomeric Rab GTPases are key players involved in intracellular membrane transport. Rab11, a subfamily of the Ypt/Rab gene family of ubiquitously expressed GTPases, is associated with recycling endosomes, and acts as a master molecule in regulating vesicular trafficking. Wing epithelium of Drosophila has been chosen to address the involvement of Rab11 in trafficking of a cell adhesion molecule, the βPS integrin. Here, we show that Rab11 immunocolocalizes with trans-Golgi network and it is enriched in the centrosomal/recycling endosomal area labeled by γ-Tubulin. Furthermore, Rab11 is required for transcytic and exocytic trafficking of βPS integrin; alterations of Rab11 function by different genetic procedures in wings results in the formation of blisters. We show altered activity of Rab11 affects cell adhesion, cell shape and organization in the actin-cytoskeleton during wing morphogenesis. Finally, using a genetic approach, we demonstrate that Rab11 interacts with the βPS integrin. Collectively, our data suggest that Rab11 regulates cell adhesion, maintenance of cell shape and actin-cytoskeleton organization during Drosophila wing development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1387/ijdb.103149tbDOI Listing
December 2011

Rab11 regulates JNK and Raf/MAPK-ERK signalling pathways during Drosophila wing development.

Cell Biol Int 2010 Nov;34(11):1113-8

Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Developmental signalling pathways are regulated by intracellular vesicle trafficking in multicellular organisms. In our earlier communication, we have shown that mutation in Rab11 (a subfamily of the Ypt/Rab gene family) results in the activation of JNK signalling pathways in Drosophila eye. Here, we report that Rab11 regulates JNK and Raf/MAPK-ERK signalling pathways during Drosophila wing development. Using immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical analyses, we show that overexpression of Rab11 in mutant wing imaginal disc cells triggers the induction of apoptosis and activation of JNK and ERK. Further, using a genetic approach it has been shown that Rab11 interacts with the components of these pathways during Drosophila wing development. In addition to this, in Rab11 mutant wing imaginal discs JNK activity was monitored using puc(E)⁶⁹, a P-lacZ enhancer-trap line inserted in puckered (puc). A strong induction of puc in Rab11 mutant wing imaginal disc cells provided a strong support that Rab11 regulates the JNK signalling pathway during Drosophila wing development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/CBI20100155DOI Listing
November 2010

Rab11 is required for myoblast fusion in Drosophila.

Cell Tissue Res 2009 Jun 16;336(3):489-99. Epub 2009 Apr 16.

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221 005, India.

Rab11, an evolutionarily conserved, ubiquitously expressed subfamily of small monomeric Rab GTPases, has been implicated in regulating vesicular trafficking through the recycling of endosomal compartment. In order to gain an insight into the role of this gene in myogenesis during embryonic development, we have studied the expression pattern of Rab11 in mesoderm during muscle differentiation in Drosophila embryo. When dominant-negative or constitutively active Drosophila Rab11 proteins are expressed or Rab11 is reduced via double-stranded RNA in muscle precursors, they cause partial failure of myoblast fusion and show anomalies in the shape of the muscle fibres. Our results suggest that Rab11 plays no role in cell fate specification in muscle precursors but is required late in the process of myoblast fusion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-009-0782-1DOI Listing
June 2009

Rab11 is required for embryonic nervous system development in Drosophila.

Cell Tissue Res 2009 Feb 18;335(2):349-56. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India.

In eukaryotes, membrane trafficking is regulated by the small monomeric GTPases of Rab protein family. Rab11, an evolutionary conserved, ubiquitously expressed subfamily of the Rab GTPases, has been implicated in the regulation of vesicular trafficking through the recycling of endosomes. To dissect out the role of this protein during embryonic nervous system development, we have studied the expression pattern of Rab11 in the ventral nerve cord during neuronal differentiation in the Drosophila embryo. When the dominant-negative or constitutively-active mutant DRab11 proteins are expressed in neurons, or when homozygous mutant Rab11 embryos are analyzed, defects are found in the developing central nervous system, along with disorganization and misrouting of embryonic axons. Our results provide the first in vivo evidence that Rab11 is involved in the development of the nervous system during Drosophila embryogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-008-0711-8DOI Listing
February 2009