Publications by authors named "Tania Buck"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Oral administration of a potent and selective non-peptidic BACE-1 inhibitor decreases beta-cleavage of amyloid precursor protein and amyloid-beta production in vivo.

J Neurochem 2007 Feb;100(3):802-9

Neurology and GastroIntestinal Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline Research & Development Ltd, Harlow, Essex, UK.

Generation and deposition of the amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide following proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by BACE-1 and gamma-secretase is central to the aetiology of Alzheimer's disease. Consequently, inhibition of BACE-1, a rate-limiting enzyme in the production of Abeta, is an attractive therapeutic approach for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. We have designed a selective non-peptidic BACE-1 inhibitor, GSK188909, that potently inhibits beta-cleavage of APP and reduces levels of secreted and intracellular Abeta in SHSY5Y cells expressing APP. In addition, we demonstrate that this compound can effectively lower brain Abeta in vivo. In APP transgenic mice, acute oral administration of GSK188909 in the presence of a p-glycoprotein inhibitor to markedly enhance the exposure of GSK188909 in the brain decreases beta-cleavage of APP and results in a significant reduction in the level of Abeta40 and Abeta42 in the brain. Encouragingly, subchronic dosing of GSK188909 in the absence of a p-glycoprotein inhibitor also lowers brain Abeta. This pivotal first report of central Abeta lowering, following oral administration of a BACE-1 inhibitor, supports the development of BACE-1 inhibitors for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2006.04260.xDOI Listing
February 2007

Development of a P-glycoprotein knockout model in rodents to define species differences in its functional effect at the blood-brain barrier.

J Pharm Sci 2006 Sep;95(9):1944-53

Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Neurology & Gastrointestinal Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex, CM19 5AW, UK.

The objective of this study was to establish the optimal blood concentrations of the potent P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor GF120918 (Elacridar) required to achieve maximal knockout of this efflux transporter in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of mice, rats, and guinea pigs. Genetic mdr1a/b(-/-) knockout mice and "chemical" P-gp knockout mice, rats, and guinea pigs, generated by 24 h continuous infusion of GF120918, were used to investigate the effects of P-gp modulation on the brain penetration of SB-487946. Genetic mdr1a/b(-/-) knockout mice demonstrated a >70-fold increase in brain:blood ratio of SB-487946 compared to mdr1a/b(+/+) wild-type mice. There was a similar increase in SB-487946 brain:blood ratio in GF120918-treated mice (ca. >67-fold) and rats (ca. 95-fold) but a significantly smaller increase (ca. 10-fold) in guinea pigs treated with GF120918. An appreciable difference was found in the BBB functional effect of P-gp efflux in rodents. GF120918 blood EC90 in mice and rats were similar however, the EC90 in guinea pigs was ca. 10-fold higher, suggesting a species difference in the activity of P-gp at the BBB in some rodents. This study establishes the optimal blood concentrations of GF120918 in relation to SB-487946, to achieve chemically induced P-gp knockout in rodents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jps.20658DOI Listing
September 2006

Bicyclic heteroarylpiperazines as selective brain penetrant 5-HT6 receptor antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2005 Nov;15(21):4867-71

Neurology and GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

Starting from the potent and selective but poorly brain penetrant 5-HT6 receptor antagonist SB-271046, a successful strategy for improving brain penetration was adopted involving conformational constraint with concomitant reduction in hydrogen bond count. This provided a series of bicyclic heteroarylpiperazines with high 5-HT6 receptor affinity. 5-Chloroindole 699929 combined high 5-HT6 receptor affinity with excellent brain penetration and also had good oral bioavailability in both rat and dog.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.06.107DOI Listing
November 2005