Publications by authors named "Tal Serlin"

4 Publications

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Quality of life of patients with thyroid eye disease: 3-year follow-up in a multidisciplinary clinic in Israel.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Background: Changes in the quality of life (QOL) of patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) were examined during a 3-year follow-up in a multidisciplinary eye clinic, and factors that may improve QOL were identified.

Methods: A retrospective review of medical records of all patients who attended the TED clinic at Sheba Medical Center, Israel, from May 2016 to May 2019 was performed. The retrieved data included demographics, comprehensive ophthalmic examination findings, clinical activity scores (CAS), laboratory test results, and QOL assessments by the Graves' Orbitopathy QOL (GO-QOL) questionnaire.

Results: One hundred thirty-two TED clinic patients were examined. Thirty patients (22.72%) received medical treatment consisting of steroids according to the European Group on Graves' Orbitopathy (EUGOGO) protocol, high-dose steroids, or immunosuppressive drugs. Twenty-eight patients (21.21%) underwent surgical rehabilitation (decompression, strabismus, or eyelid surgery). There was a significant increase in total QOL score after steroid treatment according to the EUGOGO protocol, after decompression surgery, and after strabismus surgery compared to pre-treatment total QOL (p=0.04, p=0.021, and p=0.042, respectively, matched pairs). In addition, there were significant positive correlations between the changes in the total QOL score and the change in thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) as well as the change in CAS among the patients who underwent medical and surgical interventions.

Conclusions: QOL improved significantly after medical/surgical treatments. A change in the CAS and in the TSI may also correlate with change in QOL. Periodic evaluation of TED patients' QOL is recommended for enhanced and more comprehensive management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-021-05103-5DOI Listing
February 2021

Gender differences in clinical presentation and prognosis of thyroid eye disease.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Nov 6:1120672120964112. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.

Objective: To examine the clinical differences in manifestation, treatment, and prognosis of thyroid-eye-disease (TED) between men and women.

Methods: This is a longitudinal cohort study. Men and women, who diagnosed with TED and treated at a multidisciplinary TED clinic, were compared regarding differences in demographics, eye examination, disease activity, and quality of life evaluation.

Results: TED was diagnosed in 132 patients during the study period, and they included 38 men (28.78%) and 94 women (71.21%). There were six men and 20 women with active disease (Clinical-Activity-Score (CAS) ⩾ 3) during the entire follow-up period ( < 0.01). The mean time from TED diagnosis to CAS ⩾ 3 was 4.50 years for men and 2.35 years for women ( = 0.05). There were no significant differences in mean total Graves' Orbitopathy-Quality-of-Life questionnaire (GO-QOL) score. However, mean GO-QOL subtotal score of external appearance of women was significantly lower compare to men in the first and last visit ( = 0.04, 0.03, respectively).

Conclusion: Active disease was more common in women and the time-from-diagnosis of TED to CAS ⩾ 3 was shorter among women. Moreover, the appearance QOL score of women was poorer. These findings should be taken into consideration when planning the timing of treatment and when choosing the best treatment for TED patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120964112DOI Listing
November 2020

New insight into the physiologic function of Müller's muscle.

Exp Eye Res 2021 01 30;202:108336. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

The Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Purpose: Müller's muscle is a sympathetically innervated smooth muscle which serves as an accessory upper eyelid retractor. Its physiologic function and purpose have not yet been clearly defined. We hypothesize that sympathetic innervation to Müller's muscle serves to adjust the upper eyelid's position to variations in pupil size in response to changes in light intensity.

Methods: This is a single center cross-sectional study. Healthy volunteers were asked to fixate on a distant non-accommodative target, and a video scan of the anterior segment was performed for each subject's right eye using the Heidelberg Spectralis® optical coherence tomography scanner in infrared mode. The video was taken both in photopic and scotopic conditions, recording the resultant transition of the pupil and eyelids. The pupil diameter (PD), upper eyelid margin-to-reflex distance (MRD1), lower eyelid margin-to-reflex distance (MRD2), and vertical palpebral fissure height (PFH) were measured.

Results: Thirty-three healthy volunteers (19 women, 57.6%) with a median age of 40 years (range 30-58) were included. The mean PD under photopic conditions increased significantly under scotopic conditions, from 3483 ± 521 μm to 6135 ± 703 μm, respectively (P < 0.0001). An increase in MRD1 was observed following transition from light to dark, with a mean change of 348 ± 311 μm (P < 0.0001). There was no significant change in MRD2.

Conclusions: Upper eyelid retraction occurs after transition from photopic to scotopic conditions. This movement suggests the existence of an "eyelid-light reflex" involving Müller's muscle that adjusts the position of the eyelids as the pupil dilates under scotopic conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2020.108336DOI Listing
January 2021

Fundus Findings in Wernicke Encephalopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017 May-Aug;8(2):406-409. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is an acute neuropsychiatric syndrome resulting from thiamine (vitamin B) deficiency, classically characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, confusion, and ataxia. While commonly associated with chronic alcoholism, WE may also occur in the setting of poor nutrition or absorption. We present a 37-year-old woman who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and presented with visual disturbance with bilateral horizontal nystagmus, confusion, and postural imbalance. Fundus examination revealed bilateral optic disc edema with a retinal hemorrhage in the left eye. Metabolic workup demonstrated thiamine deficiency. Her symptoms resolved after thiamine treatment. This case raises the awareness of the possibility of posterior segment findings in WE, which are underreported in WE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000478924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5597920PMC
July 2017