Publications by authors named "Taku Michiura"

32 Publications

[Diagnosis of Serous Adenocarcinoma following Pneumatosis Intestinalis Development during Bevacizumab Therapy for Cancer of Unknown Primary-A Case Report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Jul;48(7):979-982

Dept. of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Kansai Medical University Hospital.

A 75-year-old woman was treated with TC plus Bev for cancer of unknown primary. During treatment, she presented to the clinic with chief complaints of general malaise and anorexia. On presentation, abdominal distention and upper abdominal tenderness were noted, and sepsis was suspected. A thoracoabdominal CT scan revealed prominent intramural emphysema and mesenteric gas in the ascending colon. An emergency laparotomy was performed for suspected pneumatosis intestinalis non-obstructive intestinal ischemia. However, no intra-abdominal contamination or ischemic changes were observed intraoperatively. Histological examination revealed a small adenocarcinoma on the serous surface of the ascending colon, and immunochemical staining confirmed the diagnosis of serous adenocarcinoma as the patient's primary cancer. This report describes a case in which the patient achieved long-term survival after diagnosis. It also emphasizes the importance of identifying the subset of patients with cancer of unknown primary who have a good prognosis in order to provide appropriate treatment.
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July 2021

Intramural bronchogenic cysts of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction: A case report.

Mol Clin Oncol 2020 Aug 3;13(2):162-168. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1010, Japan.

Bronchogenic cyst is a relatively rare congenital malformation that is often identified in the mediastinum. The occurrence of bronchogenic cysts in the intramural esophagus and gastroesophageal junction is rare. The present report describes three cases of intramural bronchogenic cysts of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction and reviews the clinicopathological features of these lesions. A 35-year-old Japanese male (Case 1), a 50-year-old Japanese woman (Case 2) and a 34-year-old Japanese man (Case 3) presented with dysphagia, pharyngeal pain and heartburn, respectively. Upper endoscopic examination revealed submucosal tumors in the esophagus (Case 1 and 2) and gastroesophageal junction (Case 3). Subsequent endoscopic examination revealed perforation of the cyst into the surface of the esophageal mucosa (Case 2). Surgical resection was performed in all cases. Histopathological examinations revealed that the submucosal cysts were covered by respiratory-type ciliated epithelium without atypia. Cartilage and bronchial glands were not observed in any of the cases. The present review of the clinicopathological characteristics of bronchogenic cysts of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction revealed that males and females were equally affected. The median age of the patients was 34.5 years with a wide age distribution. The most common main complaint was dysphagia. A pre-operative diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst is difficult because no specific imaging features are present. As surgical resection is recommended for this lesion, recognition of the clinicopathological features of bronchogenic cysts is important for an accurate pre-operative diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7366213PMC
August 2020

Does modified Blumgart anastomosis without intra-pancreatic ductal stenting reduce post-operative pancreatic fistula after pancreaticojejunostomy?

Asian J Surg 2019 Jan 4;42(1):343-349. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-3-1 Shin-machi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1191, Japan.

Background: Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is one of the most common and serious complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of this study is to retrospectively compare clinically relevant (CR) POPF and other complications after pacreaticojejunostomy (PJ) after modified Kakita (m-Kakita) or modified Blumgart (m-Blumgart) anastomoses without stenting in a single institution.

Methods: One hundred twenty-eight patients underwent PJ using m-Kakita anastomoses (two interrupted penetrating sutures) between January 2009 and December 2011. One hundred eighteen patients underwent m-Blumgart anastomoses (two transpancreatic/jejunal seromuscular sutures to cover the pancreatic stump with jejunal serosa) between January 2014 and December 2015. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and post-operative mortality and morbidity were retrospectively compared between the two groups.

Results: There were no significant differences in demographics or clinical characteristics between the two groups except operative time. A significantly lower rate of CR-POPF was found in the m-Blumgart group relative to the m-Kakita group (10% vs. 19%, p = 0.038). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the m-Blumgart anastomosis and fistula risk category (Negligible, Low) were independently protective against CR-POPF (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: This retrospective single-center study demonstrated that the modified Blumgart method without pancreatic duct stenting was associated with a lower rate of CR-POPF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2018.06.008DOI Listing
January 2019

[A Case of Aggressive Angiomyxoma in a 75-Year-Old Man].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Jun;45(6):997-999

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

Aggressive angiomyxoma is an uncommon mesenchymal tumor that mostly involves the pelvic and perineal regions in young women.We herein report an extremely rare case of aggressive angiomyxoma in a 75-year-old man. The patient had undergone follow-up for an intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm.In September 2015, CT detected a tumor measuring 33 mm in diameter around the pelvis, and the tumor showed gradual increase in size.MRI revealed a relatively sharply marginated tumor with low signal intensity on T1-weighted images and high signal intensity on T2-weighted images.For treatment and diagnosis, we laparoscopically resected the tumor. Histopathologically, the specimen showed spindle tumor cells within a myxoid background and vascular structures.The tumor was diagnosed as aggressive angiomyxoma, and surgical margins were negative for tumor cells. The patient is currently doing well without any signs of recurrence as of 18 months postoperatively.
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June 2018

Preoperative weight loss program involving a 20-day very low-calorie diet for obesity before laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2019 Jan 25;12(1):43-50. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Japan.

Introduction: The increased visceral fat in patients with obesity can increase the technical difficulty of surgery. This study was performed to evaluate a preoperative 20-day very low-calorie diet for obesity before laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Methods: This prospective single-center study involved patients with obesity who were planning to undergo laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Obesity was defined according to the Japanese criteria: BMI ≥25 kg/m or waist circumference ≥85 cm in men and ≥90 cm in women. The patients underwent a preoperative 20-day very low-calorie diet and received nutritional counseling. Weight loss, body composition, visceral fat mass, and operative outcomes were evaluated.

Results: Thirty-three patients were enrolled from September 2013 to August 2015. Their median age was 71 years, and 78.8% were men. Their median bodyweight and BMI were 72.3 kg (range, 53.8-82.5 kg) and 26.0 kg/m (range, 23.5-31.0 kg/m ), respectively. The patients achieved a mean weight loss of 4.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.8-5.1), corresponding to 3.2 kg (95%CI: 2.7-3.7 kg). Body fat mass was significantly decreased by a mean of 2.5 kg (95%CI: 1.9-3.1), whereas skeletal muscle mass was unaffected (mean: -0.20 kg [95%CI: -0.55-0.15]). The visceral fat mass reduction rate was high as 16.8% (range, 11.6%-22.0%). All patients underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy as planned. Severe postoperative morbidity (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥III) was seen in only one patient (3.0%).

Conclusion: The preoperative 20-day very low-calorie diet weight loss program is promising for the treatment of obesity before laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6585812PMC
January 2019

[Two Successful Cases of Surgical Treatment of Reconstructed Gastric Tube-Bronchial Fistula after Esophagectomy for Esophageal Cancer by Pedunculated Latissimus Dorsi Flap].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017 Nov;44(12):1982-1984

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

We herein report 2 cases of successful surgical treatment of reconstructed gastric tube-bronchial fistulas caused by leakage after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. One patient was a 56-year-old man who developed a reconstructed gastric tube-bronchial fistula, and the fistula was closed by conservative treatment. However, he developed pneumonia on postoperative day 117, and the reconstructed gastric tube-bronchial fistula was found to have recurred. Fibrin glue was endoscopically injected into the fistula, but this treatment was unsuccessful. The other patient was a 60-year-old man who developed a reconstructed gastric tube-bronchial fistula and severe pneumonia, and his condition did not improve by conservative treatment. We performed a reoperation for both patients using a pedunculated latissimus dorsi flap, and both patients recovered well.
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November 2017

Sclerosing Esophagitis with IgG4-positive Plasma Cell Infiltration.

Intern Med 2017 Nov 11;56(22):3023-3026. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Japan.

The patient was a 76-year-old woman who had noticed slight difficulty in swallowing in the 3 years prior to this presentation. Her dysphagia progressed while she was hospitalized following cervical cancer surgery. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and an esophagram showed circumferential erosion and a stricture of the thoracic esophagus. Esophageal resection was performed; the resected specimens showed a stricture and wall thickening. Histologically, transmural hyperplasia, which consisted of inflammatory granulation tissue with the abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes, was observed. The patient was diagnosed with probable IgG4-related disease. IgG4-related esophageal disease presenting as esophageal lesions alone is a very rare condition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.8095-16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725855PMC
November 2017

Residual Recurrent Nerve Paralysis After Esophagectomy is Associated with Preoperative Lower Serum Albumin.

Dysphagia 2017 08 24;32(4):520-525. Epub 2017 Apr 24.

Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1010, Japan.

Esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is invasive thoracic surgery with a high incidence rate of postoperative complications and prolongation of hospitalization, even if the standardized clinical pathway improves the outcome (mortality and morbidity). Postoperative recurrent nerve paralysis (RNP) is related to respiratory complications concomitant with prolonged hospitalization. However, it has not been elucidated which factors affect the incidence and recovery of RNP. To detect the predictive factor for postoperative RNP, we focused on preoperative serum albumin. Patients who had esophageal cancer with standard esophagectomy were evaluated. In total, 94 patients were divided into three groups depending on the presence of RNP (46 in patients without RNP, 29 in those with transient RNP who recovered within 6 months follow-up and 19 in those with residual RNP). We retrospectively investigated factors associated with residual RNP. Preoperative lower serum albumin was associated with residual RNP. In addition, days to the resumption of oral intake and duration of stay in the hospita postoperatively were delayed in the group of residual RNP. Multiple regression analysis indicated that preoperative serum albumin was a predictive factor for residual RNP. Preoperative lower serum albumin level might be linked to residual RNP which could prolong the resumption of postoperative oral intake and shorten the period of stay at the hospital after esophagectomy, leading to unfavorable outcomes for patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-017-9793-3DOI Listing
August 2017

Comparison of surgical outcomes of three different stump closure techniques during distal pancreatectomy.

Pancreatology 2017 May - Jun;17(3):497-503. Epub 2017 Apr 8.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata-City, Osaka, Japan.

Background: To find the appropriate method of pancreatic transection during distal pancreatectomy (DP), we retrospectively compared post-operative complications including postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) according to the different types of pancreatic transection.

Methods: This study included 169 patients who underwent pancreatic transection using an ultrasonic activated device (USAD) with transfixion of the pancreatic duct (DP-TF group, n = 89), USAD followed by pancreaticogastrostomy (DP-PG group, n = 44), and a reinforced linear tristapler (DP-ST, n = 36).

Results: Overall and POPF-related complications in DP-PG group, and delayed gastric emptying (DGE) in DP-ST group were significantly lower than DP-TF group. There were no significant difference in overall complication, length of hospitalization and operative costs between DP-PG and DP-ST groups. Operative time was significantly longer in DP-PG group than others.

Conclusion: Both DP-PG and DP-ST are associated with better surgical outcomes. Regarding ease of surgical technique, shorter operative times, and similar medical costs, DP with a reinforced linear tristapler is a good choice during DP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2017.04.005DOI Listing
March 2018

Staple-Line Reinforcement of the Duodenal Stump With Intracorporeal Lembert's Sutures in Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy With Roux-en-Y Reconstruction for Gastric Cancer.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2016 Aug;26(4):338-42

*Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University †Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Kansai Medical Hirakata Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: We report a duodenal stump reinforcement procedure in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 223 patients who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for gastric cancer. We compared 2 groups: group NR (not reinforced, n=102, June 2009 to December 2011) when we did not perform reinforcement of the duodenal stump, and group R (reinforced, n=121, January 2012 to July 2014) when we did the reinforcement. The duodenum was divided with an endoscopic linear stapler. In group R, the duodenal staple line was reinforced by hand-sewn Lembert's sutures.

Results: There were no significant differences between group NR and R in patients' characteristics. Duodenal stump leakage occurred in 2 patients in group NR (2.0%). By contrast, in R group, no patients had duodenal stump leakage or fistula.

Conclusions: Duodenal stump leakage can be avoided by using reinforcement with Lembert's sutures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000291DOI Listing
August 2016

Clinical outcomes of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma resection following neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy vs. chemotherapy.

Surg Today 2017 Jan 4;47(1):84-91. Epub 2016 Jun 4.

Departments of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1, Shin-machi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1010, Japan.

Purpose: We compared the clinical outcomes of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) resection after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NACRT) vs. chemotherapy (NAC).

Methods: The study population comprised 81 patients with UICC stage T3/4 PDAC, treated initially by NACRT with S-1 in 40 and by NAC with gemcitabine + S-1 in 41. This was followed by pancreatectomy with routine nerve plexus resection in 35 of the patients who had received NACRT and 32 of those who had received NAC. We compared the survival curves and clinical outcomes of these two groups.

Results: The rates of clinical response, surgical resectability, and margin-negative resection were similar. The NACRT group patients had significantly higher rates of Evans stage ≥IIB tumors (29 vs. 0 %, respectively, p = 0.010) and negative lymph nodes (49 vs. 16 %, respectively, p = 0.021) than the NAC group patients. There was no difference in disease-free survival between the groups, but the disease-specific survival of the NAC group patients was better than that of the NACRT group patients (p = 0.034). Patients undergoing pancreatectomy with nerve plexus resection following NACRT had significantly higher rates of intractable diarrhea and ascites but consequently received significantly less adjuvant chemotherapy and therapeutic chemotherapy for relapse.

Conclusion: NACRT followed by pancreatectomy with nerve plexus resection is superior for achieving local control, but postoperative diarrhea and ascites may prohibit continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy or chemotherapy for relapse (UMIN4148).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-016-1358-9DOI Listing
January 2017

[A Case of Intra-Abdominal Desmoid Tumor with Abacterial Peritonitis].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2016 Mar;43(3):385-7

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

A woman in her 50s visited our hospital in February 2015 with a complaint of dull abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. She had a medical history of appendectomy for appendicitis in her 20s. Computed tomography(CT)revealed a tumor 90 mm in diameter near the ileocecum. Elective surgery was planned under the suspicion of gastrointestinal tumor, malignant lymphoma, or ileal cancer. She was emergently hospitalized 1 day earlier than scheduled because of high fever and severe abdominal pain. CT revealed that the tumor had increased to 120 mm in diameter without free air. Her white blood cell count was not elevated, and her symptoms improved readily with medical treatment. Thus, we performed the operation as scheduled. A tumor with a dark red recess on the surface had invaded the transverse colon intraoperatively, and a small amount of purulent ascites was present at the pouch of Douglas. We performed ileocecal resection with partial transverse colectomy. Histopathological examination led to the diagnosis of desmoid tumor in the mesentery of the terminal ileum. The surgical margins were negative for tumor cells. The tumor surface around the recess showed peritonitis, and the ascites showed no bacteria or tumor cells. The patient had been doing well without recurrence after discharge. Some cases of desmoid tumor with peritonitis have been reported, but most were caused by tumor penetration into the intestinal tract. We report herein a rare case of intra-abdominal desmoid tumor with abacterial peritonitis.
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March 2016

Alleviating Effect of Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC) on Chemotherapy-Related Adverse Events in Patients with Unresectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

Nutr Cancer 2016 4;68(2):234-40. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

a Department of Surgery , Kansai Medical University , Hirakata , Japan.

The present study was conducted to determine whether active hexose correlated compound (AHCC), a functional food extracted from cultured basidiomycetes, possesses the potential to attenuate adverse events in unresectable pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients receiving chemotherapy. Unresectable PDAC patients receiving gemcitabine treatment (GEM) as the first-line chemotherapy were prospectively divided into 2 groups according to AHCC intake (AHCC group, n = 35) or not (control group, n = 40). The patients in the AHCC group ingested 6.0 g of AHCC for 2 mo. Hematological and nonhematological toxicity was compared between the AHCC and control groups. The C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation and albumin decline of the AHCC group were significantly suppressed as compared to the control group during the GEM administration (P = 0.0012, P = 0.0007). Patients in the AHCC group had less frequency of taste disorder caused by GEM (17% vs. 56%, P = 0.0007). Frequency of grade 3 in the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) during chemotherapy was found significantly less in the AHCC group (14%) than the control group (53%, P = 0.0005). AHCC intake can be effective in reducing the adverse events associated with chemotherapy and may contribute to maintaining the QOL of patients with PDAC during GEM administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2016.1134597DOI Listing
December 2016

A clinical role of staging laparoscopy in patients with radiographically defined locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

World J Surg Oncol 2016 Jan 20;14(1):14. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1, Shin-machi, Hirakata-City, Osaka, 573-1010, Japan.

Background: The aim of current study is to verify usefulness of staging laparoscopy (stag-lap) for patient's selection and to find prognostic factors in patients with radiographically defined locally advanced (RD-LA) pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

Methods: The LA disease was defined as an unresectable disease without distant organ metastasis based on resectability status of NCCN guideline in this study. Stag-lap was performed in 67 patients with RD-LA (2007-2012) which were divided into 4 groups according to metastatic site: group CY (peritoneal fluid or washing cytology positive and without any distant organ metastasis); group P (peritoneal dissemination); group L (liver metastasis); group LA (peritoneal fluid or washing cytology negative and without any distant organ metastasis). Clinical backgrounds, survival curves, and prognostic factors were investigated.

Results: There were 16 patients in CY group (24%), 13 patients in P group (19%), 10 patients in L group (15%), and 28 patients in LA group (42%). Median survival time was 13 months in CY group and 11 months in LA group, which was significantly better than 7 months in P group, respectively (p<0.05). The rate of emergence of ascites in LA was significantly better than in CY or P groups (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of partial response and administration of second-line chemotherapy were significantly independent prognostic factors.

Conclusions: The majority of PDAC patients with RD-LA had occult distant organ metastasis. Clinical features and survival curves were different depending on the site of occult distant organ metastasis. Administration of second-line chemotherapy and responsiveness to chemotherapy were associated with favorable prognosis. Staging laparoscopy should be routinely performed in patients with RD-LA PDAC (UMIN000019936).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-016-0767-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4721110PMC
January 2016

Clinical impact of preoperative cholangitis after biliary drainage in patients who undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy on postoperative pancreatic fistula.

Am Surg 2014 Jan;80(1):36-42

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

The objective of this study was to examine whether the development of cholangitis after preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) can increase the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The study population included 185 consecutive patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from April 2006 to March 2011. All patients were divided into two groups, which consisted of a "no PBD" group (73 patients) and a PBD group (112 patients). Moreover, the PBD group was divided into a "cholangitis" group (21 patients) and a "no cholangitis" group (91 patients). Clinical background, clinical outcome, and postoperative complications were compared between groups. All patients received prophylactic antibiotics using cefmetazole until 1 or 2 days postoperatively. There was no difference between noncholangitis and non-PBD groups except the frequency of overall POPF. Clinically relevant POPF and drain infection occurred in the cholangitis group significantly more than in the noncholangitis group (P < 0.05). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that development of preoperative cholangitis after preoperative biliary drainage and small pancreatic duct (less than 3 mm diameter) were independent risk factors for clinically relevant POPF. The frequency of clinically relevant POPF was 8 per cent (eight of 99) in patients without two risk factors, 19 per cent (15 of 80) in patients with one risk factor, and 50 per cent (three of six) in patients with both risk factors. The development of preoperative cholangitis after PBD was closely associated with the development of clinically relevant POPF under the limited use of prophylactic antibiotics.
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January 2014

Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for a pancreatic lymphoepithelial cyst: case report and review of literature.

JOP 2013 Nov 10;14(6):664-8. Epub 2013 Nov 10.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata Hospital. Shinmachi, Hirakata, Japan.

Context: Lymphoepithelial cysts of the pancreas are a rare disease of true pancreatic cysts, the cause of which is unknown. The differential diagnosis is broad and includes many benign and malignant cystic lesions of the pancreas and surrounding organs. A combination of imaging modalities and fine needle aspiration might narrow the differential diagnosis. However, the final diagnosis can only be achieved with certainty after resection of the cyst.

Case Report: The present case report is a lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas that was resected laparoscopically. A 53-year-old man was incidentally found to have a cystic tumor in the tail of the pancreas after undergoing an abdominal ultrasound, which showed a 41x33 mm cystic mass in the pancreatic tail. He had no abdominal symptoms. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy were performed. Histologic examination revealed a lymphoepithelial cyst.

Conclusion: Herein, we discuss the diagnostic difficulties and management decisions that face surgeons treating pancreatic cysts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1590-8577/1738DOI Listing
November 2013

[Water for the preparation of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy after gastrectomy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2013 May;40(5):609-12

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Japan.

For patients who have undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer, a follow-up by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is required. However, it is sometimes very difficult to observe the remnant stomach due to a significant amount of residual food. We evaluated the reduction of food residue by drinking water as preparation before upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in postpartial gastrectomy patients. We compared two groups. In the water group, patients drank 500 mL water after dinner on the evening before endoscopy, and on the day of endoscopy they drank 350 mL water before the examination. In the control group, patients drank nothing after dinner, and nothing on the day of endoscopy. In the water group, food residue in the remnant stomach was reduced. In patients who underwent proximal gastrectomy or pylorus-preserving gastrectomy, food residue in the remnant stomach was not reduced by drinking water. However, in patients with distal gastrectomy, food residue was reduced by drinking water. Drinking water before upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is safe with no risk of complications, and our results suggested that drinking water effectively reduced food residue in the remnant stomach before endoscopic examination.
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May 2013

Less morbidity after introduction of a new departmental policy for patients who undergo open distal pancreatectomy.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2014 Jan 27;21(1):72-7. Epub 2013 Jun 27.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-3-1 Shin-machi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1191, Japan.

Background: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare morbidity and mortality before and after introduction of a new departmental policy for patients who undergo distal pancreatectomy.

Methods: We have introduced the use of an ultrasonically-activated device in distal pancreatectomy, an "early removal of drains" policy and perioperative management using a clinical pathway since May 2006. Group A consisted of 52 consecutive patients from 2000 to February 2006. Group B consisted of 57 consecutive patients from May 2006 to 2010.

Results: Although there was no difference in the fluid collection rate within 30 postoperative days (Group A, 44% vs. Group B, 35%), the rates of intra-abdominal abscess (A, 19% vs. B, 4%) and grade 3/4 of the Clavien classification (A, 23% vs. B, 9%) in Group B were significantly lower than in Group A (P < 0.05). Time of drain removal (median 3 days vs. 8 days) and length of in-hospital stay (median 8 days vs. 17 days) in Group B were significantly shorter than in Group A (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: The implementation of new departmental guidelines for distal pancreatectomy was closely associated with a low frequency of intra-abdominal abscess and grade 3/4 Clavien score, resulting in a shorter in-hospital stay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.4DOI Listing
January 2014

Ultrasonic scalpel for gastric cancer surgery: a prospective randomized study.

J Gastrointest Surg 2012 Oct 26;16(10):1840-6. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Shinmachi 2-3-1, Hirakata City, Osaka, 573-1191, Japan.

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential advantages of the ultrasonic scalpel compared with the conventional technique in gastric cancer surgery.

Methods: Patients with resectable adenocarcinoma of the stomach were randomly assigned to ultrasonic scalpel or conventional technique. We used the HARMONIC FOCUS (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.) as ultrasonic scalpel.

Results: Between February 2010 and December 2010, 60 patients with resectable gastric cancer were enrolled into the study. Operative time was significantly shorter with the ultrasonic arm than with the conventional arm (median 238.5 vs. 300.5 min; P = 0.0004). Blood loss was also significantly lower in the ultrasonic arm than in the conventional arm (median 351.0 vs. 569.5 ml; P = 0.016). Clavien-Dindo grades of postoperative complications were similar in the two groups. From a questionnaire survey of operators, the ultrasonic scalpel significantly reduced the stress of lymph node dissection (3.67 vs. 2.87; P = 0.0006). However, in assisting surgeons, the contributions to surgery, study, and technical improvement of the ultrasonic group were lower than in the conventional group.

Conclusions: This study shows that the ultrasonic scalpel is a reliable and safe tool for open gastric cancer surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-012-1970-yDOI Listing
October 2012

[A case study of advanced gastric cancer patient treated with S-1+paclitaxel/lentinan].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2012 May;39(5):821-3

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

A 47 -year-old male presented with gastric cancer, with right cervical and para-aortic lymph node metastases. The patient had not undergone a curative operation, but was treated with immunochemotherapy in combination with S-1 60 mg/m2(2 weeks administration and 2 weeks rest), paclitaxel 60 mg/m²(day 1, 8, 15), and Lentinan 2mg/body(day 1, 8, 15). After 3 courses of this treatment, no hot-spots were identified on cervical and para-aorta lymph nodes by PET-CT examination. We decided to perform total gastrectomy with D3 lymphadenectomy and Roux-en Y reconstruction. On histopathological examination, no malignancy was seen in the lymph nodes and the main tumor was judged to be grade 2. With this combined immunochemotherapy, the patient had a favorable outcome without side effects, which proved effective for far advanced gastric cancer.
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May 2012

The role of circulating dendritic cells in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.

Anticancer Res 2011 Nov;31(11):3827-34

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-3-1, Shin-machi, Hirakata, 573-1191, Japan.

Aim: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm with a poor prognosis that might be associated with defective immune function. In this study, we aimed to clarify the role of circulating myeloid dendritic cells (cmDCs) and lymphoid (cl) DCs in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.

Patients And Methods: This study covered the period from January 2001 to December 2009, and involved 104 patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. We measured the number of cmDCs and clDCs using flow cytometry before and after chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy and immuno-chemotherapy.

Results: The percentage of the cmDC subset in the unresectable pancreatic cancer patients was significantly lower than in healthy volunteers (p=0.006). There was no difference in the cmDC subset between patients with distant organ metastasis and locally advanced pancreatic cancer. The patients with a high percentage (≥0.23%) of cmDC subset survived longer than patients with a low percentage (<0.23%) (p=0.0030). Multivariate analysis showed that cmDC was the only independent prognostic factor (p=0.0059). The percentage of cmDC subset was significantly increased after immuno-chemotherapy (p=0.0055).

Conclusion: A high level of cmDCs is associated with better survival rate and is an independently favorable prognostic factor in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. It is likely that immunochemotherapy increases the number of cmDCs.
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November 2011

[Effectiveness of between--hospital cooperation in staging laparoscopy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2010 Mar;37(3):479-81

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

Introduction: It is difficult to perform the staging of laparoscopy within the restricted time at a high-volume center. We thus started between-hospital cooperation as of April 2008. In this hospital cooperation, we perform surgery after laparoscopic examination at a cooperating hospital.

Materials And Methods: Staging laparoscopy was indicated for patients with T3 or T4 gastric cancer. These patients underwent staging laparoscopy at Maki Hospital before their scheduled surgery at our own hospital.

Results: Between April 2008 and January 2009, 14 patients underwent staging laparoscopy. We received the laparoscopic findings and confirmed the histopathological examination for median 11 days. The median duration from the day that we requested Maki Hospital to the day that patients underwent surgery was 34 days. No patient had laparoscopic complications. Of the 14 patients, 4 patients had peritoneal metastasis. Ten patients did not have peritoneal metastasis or positive cytology. Of these patients, 9 patients underwent surgery. R0 resection was achieved in 7 of 9 patients. False-negative results were obtained in two cases because of positive peritoneal cytology.

Conclusion: Hospital cooperation may enable us to perform short-term staging laparoscopy. However, false-negative results were obtained in two cases because of positive peritoneal cytology. Further improvement must be made to assure the diagnostic accuracy of this procedure.
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March 2010

Feasibility and accuracy of second-look laparoscopy after gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Surg Endosc 2009 Oct 30;23(10):2307-13. Epub 2009 Jan 30.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-3-1 Sinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1191, Japan.

Background: A better method for detecting early peritoneal progression is needed. This study evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of second-look laparoscopy for patients with gastric cancer treated using systemic chemotherapy after gastrectomy.

Methods: Second-look laparoscopy was conducted for patients who had no clinical evidence of distant metastases but had peritoneal metastases or positive peritoneal cytology results without visible metastatic disease at initial surgery, patients who underwent systemic chemotherapy over a 6-month period after surgery, and patients who had no clinical evidence of disease based on imaging study after completion of primary chemotherapy.

Results: Between November 2004 and April 2008, 21 patients underwent second-look laparoscopy. At the initial surgery, 13 of these patients underwent total gastrectomy and 8 patients underwent distal gastrectomy. One or two sheets of adhesion barrier were received by 18 patients. The median interval between initial surgery and second-look laparoscopy was 9.8 months (range, 6.6-17.5 months). All second-look procedures were completed laparoscopically, and no patients required conversion to laparotomy. None of the 21 patients experienced postlaparoscopy complications. Whereas 12 patients showed no pathologic evidence of disease, 9 patients showed disease at second-look laparoscopy. There was a significant difference in median survival between the groups with negative and positive results (p = 0.017). The median survival for the negative group has not been determined. All the patients in the positive group received further chemotherapy while showing a good performance status (PS). Six patients were PS 0, and 3 patients were PS 1. The median survival time for this group was 10.1 months.

Conclusions: Second-look laparoscopy was a safe and promising approach to reassessment of peritoneal disease for patients with gastric cancer. The incidence of complications was low, particularly in this group of patients, all of whom had undergone prior gastrectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-008-0324-zDOI Listing
October 2009

[Evaluation of the preserved function of the remnant stomach in pylorus preserving-gastrectomy by gastric emptying scintigraphy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2007 Jan;34(1):25-8

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

This study evaluated the preserved function of the remnant stomach by gastric emptying scintigraphy 1 year postoperatively in 49 patients who underwent pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG), and it investigated whether this examination method is a useful tool for evaluation. The residual stomach function was classified as rapid, intermediate, and delayed emptying types according to gastric emptying curves. Then, the relationships were examined between the gastric emptying types and postprandial symptoms, food intake status, body weight changes, and endoscopic findings. Seventy-three percent of the PPG patients were classified as belonging to the intermediate emptying type, and the remainder (27%) to the delayed type. The frequencies of complaints such as epigastric fullness, nausea, and vomiting were high in the delayed emptying-type patients. The intermediate emptying-type patients consumed larger amounts of food and gained more weight than the delayed emptying-type patients. In conclusion, gastric function was evaluated by gastric emptying scintigraphy in PPG patients. This method might be useful not only for evaluating the motor function of the remnant stomach, but also for predicting postoperative status. Although PPG is a function-preserving operation, it should be considered that a quarter of the patients showed delayed emptying type which related to poor quality of life.
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January 2007

Sequential endoscopic findings and histological changes of N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine-induced esophageal carcinogenesis in rats.

Oncol Rep 2006 Nov;16(5):965-70

Second Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka 570-8506, Japan.

We performed a sequential endoscopic examination of esophageal carcinogenesis induced by N-nitrosomethyl-benzylamine (NMBA) in F344 rats. The endoscopic findings were consistent with the histological changes observed in the specimens obtained by a biopsy and/or an autopsy. Seven-week-old male F344 rats received a weekly subcutaneous injection of 0.5 mg/kg NMBA for 15 weeks. The first endoscopic change that was detected was redness of the musosa due to the dilatation of the submucosal blood vessels. Subsequently, the mucosal redness became obscure, and we observed a focal loss of the visible blood vessel network due to hyperkeratosis, followed by the appearance of plaque-like elevated lesions due to acanthosis. Then, smooth and irregular polyps appeared as a result of the development of papilloma without or with dysplastic potential, respectively. Finally, rough elevation appeared as a result of carcinoma in situ and invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The present endoscopic findings correlated closely with the histological changes, indicating that sequential fiberscopic examination may be useful for monitoring esophageal carcinogenesis.
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November 2006

Assessment of the preserved function of the remnant stomach in pylorus-preserving gastrectomy by gastric emptying scintigraphy.

World J Surg 2006 Jul;30(7):1277-83

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 10-15 Fumizonocho, Moriguchi, Osaka, 570-8507, Japan.

Background: This study evaluated the preserved function of the remnant stomach by gastric emptying scintigraphy in patients who underwent pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG), and it investigated whether this examination method is a useful tool for evaluation.

Materials And Methods: The residual stomach function was evaluated by gastric emptying scintigraphy in 45 patients with early gastric cancer who had undergone PPG. Function was classified as rapid, intermediate, and delayed emptying types according to gastric emptying curves. Then, the relationships were examined between the gastric emptying types and postprandial symptoms, food intake status, body weight changes, and endoscopic findings.

Results: Seventy-three percent of the PPG patients were classified as belonging to the intermediate emptying type, and the remainder to the delayed emptying type. The frequencies of complaints such as epigastric fullness, nausea, and vomiting were high in the delayed emptying-type patients. The intermediate emptying-type patients consumed larger amounts of food and gained more weight than the delayed emptying-type patients. It was difficult to estimate gastric emptying function from endoscopic findings.

Conclusions: Gastric function was evaluated by gastric emptying scintigraphy in PPG patients. This method might be useful not only for evaluating the motor function of the remnant stomach, but also for predicting postoperative status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-005-7983-xDOI Listing
July 2006

Posterior esophagopexy with dome formation to prevent reflux in interposed jejunal pouch reconstruction after total gastrectomy.

Surg Today 2006 ;36(6):570-3

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 10-15 Fumizonocho, Moriguchi, Osaka, 570-8507, Japan.

Jejunal pouch interposition (JPI) reconstruction after total gastrectomy has proven effective for improving postoperative quality of life; however, evaluation of bile reflux into the esophagus shows that the reflux of digestive juice is not sufficiently prevented. Therefore, in addition to the conventional reconstruction technique, we created an artificial pouch to prevent the reflux of digestive juice from the jejunal pouch into the esophagus, and performed a new surgical technique based on the Hill's posterior gastropexy. No postoperative complications were observed and the postoperative measurement showed a decrease in the duration of bile reflux into the esophagus. Thus, our new surgical procedure seems to effectively prevent bile reflux.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-006-3198-5DOI Listing
February 2007

Role of pyloroplasty after proximal gastrectomy for cancer.

Hepatogastroenterology 2004 Nov-Dec;51(60):1867-71

2nd Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan.

Background/aims: The necessity of pyloroplasty as a drainage procedure after proximal gastrectomy remains controversial in terms of the postoperative quality of life. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate whether pyloroplasty is necessary after proximal gastrectomy.

Methodology: Thirty-five patients who underwent proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition between 1993 and 2000 were studied. They were divided into two groups: Group A, jejunal interposition without pyloroplasty (n=17); Group B, jejunal interposition with pyloroplasty (n=18). The subjects were interviewed and examined to assess their symptoms, food intake and body weight at 6, 12, and 24 months after the operation. Endoscopy and a radioisotope gastric emptying test were performed one year postoperatively.

Results: A low incidence of epigastric fullness, nausea, and vomiting and a high frequency of patients with greater than 80% of pre-illness food intake were found in Group B. A high recovery of bodyweight was also achieved in Group B. On the other hand, a high incidence of reflux gastritis or bile regurgitation was found in Group B. Gastric emptying was significantly delayed in Group A.

Conclusions: Pyloroplasty as a drainage procedure after proximal gastrectomy is necessary in terms of the clinical symptoms, dietary intake, recovery of body weight, or gastric emptying.
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February 2005

Comparison of intraperitoneal continuous infusion of floxuridine and bolus administration in a peritoneal gastric cancer xenograft model.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2004 May;53(5):415-22

Second Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: To identify the optimal schedule for intraperitoneal (i.p.) infusion of floxuridine (FUDR) against peritoneal micrometastases from gastric cancer.

Methods: The efficacy of continuous i.p. infusion of FUDR was compared with that of bolus i.p. administration in peritoneal gastric cancer (MKN45) xenografts. The FUDR continuous delivery system in this study was in the form of injectable poly(lactic-coglycolic) acid (PLGA) microspheres intended for i.p. injection. Animals were treated by continuous i.p. infusion using FUDR-loaded microspheres or bolus i.p. administration of FUDR.

Results: In vitro testing demonstrated that FUDR was released slowly from the microspheres at a rate of approximately 5% of the total encapsulated drug per day. In in vivo studies, the peritoneal level was found to persist and was approximately 5- to 50-fold higher than that of plasma for more than 2 weeks following a single injection of the microspheres. An in vitro MTT assay showed that exposure time clearly influenced the cytotoxic potency of FUDR. In vivo, continuous infusion was more effective against peritoneal tumor than bolus administration at equivalent doses. However, compared with bolus administration, toxicity was increased, resulting in a reduced maximum tolerated dose (MTD) with continuous infusion. When the treatment was carried out at each MTD (continuous 1 mg/kg, bolus 600 mg/kg), continuous infusion had no advantage in inhibiting tumor growth.

Conclusions: Owing to the higher toxicity and the equal efficacy of continuous infusion compared with bolus administration, continuous infusion is not recommended in i.p. FUDR treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-003-0748-zDOI Listing
May 2004

Combined S-1 and cisplatin preoperative chemotherapy for patients with advanced gastric cancer: report of five cases.

Hepatogastroenterology 2004 Jan-Feb;51(55):289-93

Second Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan.

Background/aims: A high response rate with acceptable toxicities is required in the setting of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Five cases (3 stage IV, 2 stage IIIb) of advanced gastric cancer were successfully treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of a combination of S-1 and cisplatin.

Methodology: All 5 patients were men younger than age 60, with no severe complications. S-1 was administered orally (80 mg/m2/day) twice daily for 21 consecutive days, and cisplatin (60 mg/m2) was infused over 2 hours on day 8 with hydration. This schedule was repeated every 5 weeks. After each cycle, the clinical response evaluation was performed with endoscopy, barium meal, and spiral CT scan. Surgery was carried out about 3 weeks after chemotherapy.

Results: All patients were responders (100%) after one or two cycles. However, there was no patient with either complete response, or down-staging. Toxicities, according to the WHO criteria, were very mild and none required treatment. Postoperatively one patient died of aspiration pneumonia unrelated to the chemotherapy. The others were discharged within 3 weeks after operation without complications.

Conclusions: S-1 plus cisplatin seems safe and effective as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer patients.
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June 2004
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