Publications by authors named "Takatsugu Hiramatsu"

3 Publications

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Cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation without the use of a contrast medium: a combination of the intracardiac echocardiography and pressure wave monitoring guided approach.

Heart Vessels 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

In cryoballoon ablation (CBA), a contrast medium is commonly used to confirm balloon occlusion of the pulmonary veins (PVs). However, a contrast medium cannot always be used in patients with renal dysfunction and allergy. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of CBA without the use of a contrast medium. We retrospectively examined consecutive patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) who underwent first-time CBA. We compared the procedural results and outcomes in patients for whom a contrast medium was used (contrast group) and those from whom a contrast medium was not used (non-contrast group). In the non-contrast group, we used saline injection on the intracardiac echocardiography and pressure wave monitoring for PV occlusion. Fifty patients (200 PVs) and 22 patients (88 PVs) underwent CBA with and without a contrast medium, respectively. The success rate of PV isolation with CBA alone was 93% and 90% in the non-contrast and contrast groups, respectively (p = 0.40). The fluoroscopy time and nadir temperature were significantly lower in the non-contrast group as compared to that in the contrast group. The recurrence rate 1 year after ablation did not differ between the two groups (18% vs. 18%, p > 0.99). Furthermore, the number of reconnected PVs in patients with recurrence was significantly lower in the non-contrast group than in the contrast group (6% vs. 36%, p = 0.017). In conclusion, CBA using the intracardiac echocardiography and pressure monitoring approach without the use of a contrast medium was safe and efficient.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-021-01963-3DOI Listing
October 2021

Earliest pulmonary vein potential-guided cryoballoon ablation is associated with better clinical outcomes than conventional cryoballoon ablation: A result from two randomized clinical studies.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Introduction: With regard to short-term outcome in atrial fibrillation (AF), the benefit of cryoballoon ablation (CBA) by pressing a balloon against the earliest pulmonary vein (PV) potential site during PV isolation (earliest potential [EP]-guided CBA) has been previously demonstrated. The present study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of the EP-guided CBA.

Methods And Results: This study included 136 patients from two randomized studies, who underwent CBA for paroxysmal AF for the first time. Patients were randomly assigned to the EP-guided and conventional CBA groups in each study. In the EP-guided CBA group, we pressed a balloon against the EP site when the time-to-isolation (TTI) after cryoapplication exceeded 60 and 45 s in the first and second studies, respectively. We compared the clinical outcomes for 1 year after the procedure between the EP-guided CBA group (68 patients) and the conventional CBA group (68 patients). The primary endpoint was the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia after ablation. No significant differences in baseline characteristics were observed between the two groups. Compared with the conventional CBA group, the EP-guided CBA group had a significantly higher success rate at TTI ≤ 90 s (98.5% vs. 90.0%, p < .001); lower touch-up rate and total cryoapplication; and shorter procedure time, and fluoroscopy time. The recurrence at 1 year after ablation was significantly lower in the EP-guided CBA group than in the conventional CBA group (6.0% vs. 19.4%; p = .019).

Conclusions: The EP-guided CBA approach can facilitate the ablation procedure and achieve low recurrence at 1 year after ablation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jce.15246DOI Listing
September 2021

Impact of the clinical frailty scale on clinical outcomes and bleeding events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Heart Vessels 2021 Jun 7;36(6):799-808. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a simple tool to assess patients' frailty and may help to predict adverse outcomes in elderly patients. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of CFS on clinical outcomes and bleeding events after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We enrolled 266 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI in between January 2015 and June 2018. Patients were categorized into two groups based on the CFS stages: CFS 1-3 and CFS ≥ 4. We collected the data and evaluated the relationship between the CFS grade and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3 or 5 bleeding events. Of these patients, CFS ≥ 4 was present in 59 (22.2%). During the follow-up, 37.3% in the CFS ≥ 4 group and 8.2% in the CFS 1-3 group experienced MACE. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, the proportion of MACE-free survival for 4 years was significantly lower in the CFS ≥ 4 group (log-rank P < 0.001). Additionally, the proportion of bleeding event-free survival was significantly lower in the CFS ≥ 4 group (log-rank P < 0.001). The CFS (per 1-grade increase) remained an independent significant predictor of MACE on multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis [hazard ratio 1.39 (95% confidence interval: 1.08 to 1.79, P = 0.01)]. In conclusion, CFS was an independent predictor of future adverse cardiac events in patients with STEMI. Therefore, the assessment of CFS is crucial in this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-020-01764-0DOI Listing
June 2021
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