Publications by authors named "Taisuke Uemura"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Subcellular dynamics of estrogen-related receptors involved in transrepression through interactions with scaffold attachment factor B1.

Histochem Cell Biol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, 602-8566, Japan.

Estrogen-related receptor (ERR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, consists of three subtypes (α, β, γ) and has strong homology with estrogen receptor. No endogenous ligands have been identified for ERRs, but they play key roles in metabolic, hormonal, and developmental processes as transcription factors without ligand binding. Although subnuclear dynamics are essential for nuclear events including nuclear receptor-mediated transcriptional regulation, the dynamics of ERRs are poorly understood. Here, we report that ERRs show subcellular kinetic changes in response to diethylstilbestrol (DES), a synthetic estrogen that represses the transactivity of all three ERR subtypes, using live-cell imaging with fluorescent protein labeling. Upon DES treatment, all ERR subtypes formed discrete clusters in the nucleus, with ERRγ also displaying nuclear export. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching analyses revealed significant reductions in the intranuclear mobility of DES-bound ERRα and ERRβ, and a slight reduction in the intranuclear mobility of DES-bound ERRγ. After DES treatment, colocalization of all ERR subtypes with scaffold attachment factor B1 (SAFB1), a nuclear matrix-associated protein, was observed in dot-like subnuclear clusters, suggesting interactions of the ERRs with the nuclear matrix. Consistently, co-immunoprecipitation analyses confirmed enhanced interactions between ERRs and SAFB1 in the presence of DES. SAFB1 was clarified to repress the transactivity of all ERR subtypes through the ERR-response element. These results demonstrate ligand-dependent cluster formation of ERRs in the nucleus that is closely associated with SAFB1-mediated transrepression. Taken together, the present findings provide a new understanding of the pathophysiology regulated by ERR/SAFB1 signaling pathways and their subcellular dynamics.
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June 2021

Laparoscopic approach to recurrence following multiple surgeries for external rectal prolapse: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 19;7(1):71. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Surgery, Otsu City Hospital, 2-9-9 Motomiya, Otsu, Shiga, 520-0804, Japan.

Introduction: The optimal procedure for recurrent external rectal prolapse remains unclear, particularly in laparoscopic approach. In addition, pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is sometimes concomitant with rectal prolapse. We present a case who underwent laparoscopic procedure for the recurrence of full-thickness external rectal prolapse coexisting POP.

Case Presentation: An 81-year-old parous female had a 10-cm full-thickness external rectal prolapse following the two operations: the first was perineal recto-sigmoidectomy and the second was laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy. Imaging study revealed that the recurrent rectal prolapse was concomitant with both cystocele and exposed vagina, what we call POP. We planned and successfully performed laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) with laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) using self-cut meshes without any perioperative complication.

Conclusion: This is the first report of LVMR and LSC for recurrent rectal prolapse with POP following the perineal recto-sigmoidectomy and laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy. Even for recurrent rectal prolapse with POP, our experience suggests that LVMR and LSC could be utilized.
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March 2021

syn-/anti-Anthradithiophene derivative isomer effects on semiconducting properties.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2013 Oct 26;5(19):9670-7. Epub 2013 Sep 26.

Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University , Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510, Japan.

Isomerically pure syn-/anti-anthradithiophene derivatives have been developed in the past few years. Although anti-isomers showed higher field-effect mobilities than mixture of isomers have been reported, a detailed comparison of syn-isomer and anti-isomer molecules has not been carried out. In this study, we took newly synthesized pure unsubstituted syn-/anti-anthradithiophenes (ADTs) and compared their single crystal structures, physical properties and semiconducting behavior with a previously studied syn-/anti-dimethylanthradithiophenes (DMADTs). Although the both isomers were typical herringbone packing structures with similar parameters, anti-isomers involved less disordered atoms in the crystal packing. The results from thermal analysis, UV-vis spectra, photo luminescence spectra and cyclic voltammograms of syn-/anti-anthradithiophenes were nearly the in the solid state as well as in solution. However, field-effect transistors showed obvious differences with mobilities of 0.12 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) for anti-anthradithiophene and 0.02 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) for syn-anthradithiophene. Because the crystallinity of thin-films measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) seems to be better in syn-isomers, the differences in transistor performance are likely attributed to local defects affecting intermolecular interactions, such as disorder in the crystal packing and charge-dipole interactions.
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October 2013