Publications by authors named "Tais Zulemyan"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

How frequent should the radiographic examination be to monitor magnetically controlled growing rods? A retrospective look two to seven years postoperatively.

Eur Spine J 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, Icerenkoy, Kayisdagi Cd. No:32, Atasehir, 34684, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGR) allow more frequent outpatient lengthenings to better mimic the physiological growth. The assessment of distractions with radiographs raised concerns regarding ionizing radiation exposure in growing children. The aim was to assess the necessity of radiographs after every lengthening of MCGR.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 30 consecutive patients (19F, 11 M) treated in a single institution between 2011 and 2017. Planned radiographs were taken based on a protocol, updated over the years to involve less frequent acquisitions. Unplanned radiographs were obtained after a patient complaint or a significant clinical examination finding. Outcome measures were preoperative and postoperative radiographic measurements, and complications such as proximal and distal junctional kyphosis and failure, rod or actuator breakage, collapse of previously achieved height or failure to lengthen and worsening of deformity.

Results: Mean age at surgery was 7.5 (4-11) years. Mean follow-up was 45 (24-84) months. Mean number of lengthenings and radiographs per patient were 14.4 (8-23), and 13.2 (5-46), respectively. Nine patients (30%) experienced a total of 13 mechanical complications. Almost all complications were detected in unplanned radiographs. The probability of detecting a mechanical complication was significantly lower (p < 0.00001) in planned radiographs.

Conclusions: Radiographs taken after routine lengthenings of MCGR are not likely to reveal any significant finding, since only 0.9% of planned radiographs displayed a mechanical complication. Exposing growing children to radiation with an intention of checking the MCGR device after every lengthening could not be justified. Obtaining post-lengthening radiographs with a decreased frequency and after a significant complaint or clinical finding may be considered.
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February 2021

Intraoperative neuromonitoring practice patterns in spinal deformity surgery: a global survey of the Scoliosis Research Society.

Spine Deform 2021 Mar 23;9(2):315-325. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Although multimodal IONM has reached a widespread use, several unresolved issues have remained in clinical practice. The aim was to determine differences in approaches to form a basis for taking actions to improve patient safety globally.

Methods: A survey comprising 19 questions in four sections (demographics, setup, routine practices and reaction to alerts) was distributed to the membership of the SRS.

Results: Of the estimated 1300 members, 205 (~ 15%) completed the survey. Respondent demographics reflected SRS member distribution. Most of the respondents had > 10 years of experience. TcMEP and SSEP were available to > 95%. Less than 5% reported that a MD/PhD with neurophysiology background routinely examines patients preoperatively, while 19% would consult if requested. After an uneventful case, 36% reported that they would decrease sedation and check motor function if the patient was to be transferred to ICU intubated. Reactions to dropped signals that recovered or did not fully recover varied between attempting the same correction to aborting the surgery with no rods and returning another day, with or without implant removal. After a decrease of signals, 85.7% use steroids of varied doses. Of the respondents, 53.7% reported using the consensus-created checklist by Vitale et al. Approximately, 14% reported never using the wake-up test while others use it for various conditions.

Conclusion: The responses of 205 experienced SRS members from different regions of the world showed that surgeons had different approaches in their routine IONM practices and in the handling of alerts. This survey indicates the need for additional studies to identify best practices.
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March 2021

Thoracoscopic Vertebral Body Tethering for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Follow-up Curve Behavior According to Sanders Skeletal Maturity Staging.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Nov;45(22):E1483-E1492

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.

Objective: To report the follow-up curve behaviors in different Sanders staging groups.

Summary Of Background Data: Vertebral body tethering (VBT) is a growth modulation technique that allows gradual spontaneous follow-up curve correction as the patient grows. There is a lack of scientific evidence regarding appropriate patient selection and timing of implantation.

Methods: Patients were grouped into five as: Sanders 1, 2, 3, 4-5, and 6-7. Data were collected preoperatively, at the day before discharge, and at each follow-up. Outcome measures were pulmonary and mechanical complications, readmission, and reoperation rates. Demographic, perioperative, clinical, radiographic, and complication data were compared using Fisher-Freeman-Halton exact tests for categorical variables and Kruskal-Wallis tests for the continuous variables.

Results: Thirty-one (29 F, 2 M) consecutive patients with a minimum of 12 months of follow-up were included. The mean age at surgery was 12.1 (10-14). The mean follow-up was 27.1 (12-62) months. The mean preoperative main thoracic curve magnitude was 47° ± 7.6°. For all curves, preoperative and first erect curve magnitudes, bending flexibility, and operative correction percentages were similar between groups (for all comparisons, P > 0.05). The median height gained during follow-up was different between groups (P < 0.001), which was reflected into median curve correction during follow-up. Total curve correction percentage was different between groups (P = 0.009). Four (12.9%) patients had pulmonary and six (19.4%) had mechanical complications. One (3.2%) patient required readmission and two (6.5%) required reoperation. Occurrence of pulmonary complications was similar in Sanders groups (P = 0.804), while mechanical complications and overcorrection was significantly higher in Sanders 2 patients (P = 0.002 and P = 0.018).

Conclusion: Follow-up curve behavior after VBT is different in patients having different Sanders stages. Sanders 2 patients experienced more overcorrection, thus timing and/or correction should be adjusted, since Sanders 3, 4, and 5 patients displayed a lesser risk of mechanical complications.

Level Of Evidence: 3.
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November 2020