Publications by authors named "Taiki Ono"

5 Publications

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Predicting programmed death-ligand 1 expression level in non-small cell lung cancer using a combination of peritumoral and intratumoral radiomic features on computed tomography.

Biomed Phys Eng Express 2022 02 1;8(2). Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1-1-1 Minamikogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan.

In this study, we investigated the possibility of predicting expression levels of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) using radiomic features of intratumoral and peritumoral tumors on computed tomography (CT) images. We retrospectively analyzed 161 patients with non-small cell lung cancer. We extracted radiomic features for intratumoral and peritumoral regions on CT images. The null importance, least absolute shrinkage, and selection operator model were used to select the optimized feature subset to build the prediction models for the PD-L1 expression level. LightGBM with five-fold cross-validation was used to construct the prediction model and evaluate the receiver operating characteristics. The corresponding area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for the training and testing cohorts. The proportion of ambiguously clustered pairs was calculated based on consensus clustering to evaluate the validity of the selected features. In addition, Radscore was calculated for the training and test cohorts. For expression level of PD-L1 above 1%, prediction models that included radiomic features from the intratumoral region and a combination of radiomic features from intratumoral and peritumoral regions yielded an AUC of 0.83 and 0.87 and 0.64 and 0.74 in the training and test cohorts, respectively. In contrast, the models above 50% prediction yielded an AUC of 0.80, 0.97, and 0.74, 0.83, respectively. The selected features were divided into two subgroups based on PD-L1 expression levels≥50% or≥1%. Radscore was statistically higher for subgroup one than subgroup two when radiomic features for intratumoral and peritumoral regions were combined. We constructed a predictive model for PD-L1 expression level using CT images. The model using a combination of intratumoral and peritumoral radiomic features had a higher accuracy than the model with only intratumoral radiomic features.
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February 2022

Anemia is a Prognostic Factor for Overall Survival Rate in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 27;13:7447-7453. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Respiratory Medicine and Infectious Disease, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Japan.

Purpose: Anemia has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with cancer across several cancer types. It has been identified as a prognostic factor in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have undergone surgery or chemoradiotherapy. However, there are only a few reports that have evaluated the prognostic significance of anemia in patients with NSCLC undergoing stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT).

Patients And Methods: A total of 77 patients were enrolled in this study. The pretreatment hemoglobin (Hb) levels, within 2 weeks before SBRT, were available for all patients. The median age of the participants (56 men, 21 women) was 80 (range, 50-90) years. The median Hb level was 12.8 (range, 7.8-18.3) g/dL. The median follow-up period was 24 (range, 1-87) months.

Results: Local recurrence was observed in 8 (10.4%) cases during the follow-up period. The 1- and 2-year local control (LC) rates were 94.8% and 86.4%, respectively. Seventeen (22.1%) patients died during the follow-up period. The 1- and 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 93.1% and 85.2%, respectively. Univariate analysis identified anemia and body mass index as significant prognostic factors for predicting OS. On multivariate analysis, anemia was confirmed to be the only significant factor (p = 0.02469).

Conclusion: Our data suggest that anemia is a prognostic factor for predicting the OS rate in patients with early-stage NSCLC treated with SBRT.
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September 2021

Pylorus-Preserving Surgery Based on the Sentinel Node Concept in Early Gastric Cancer.

Ann Surg Oncol 2016 12 30;23(13):4247-4252. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: In patients with early stage gastric cancer in the middle third of the stomach, pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) can be an option as function-preserving surgery, although its oncologic safety is not definitively defined. This issues may be overcome using the sentinel node (SN) concept. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the SN concept in early gastric cancer patients who are candidates for PPG.

Methods: One hundred fifty-six patients with middle-third location of cT1N0 gastric cancer (single lesion, <4 cm) underwent distal gastrectomy with SN mapping. As a tracer, technetium-99 tin colloid solution and blue dye were endoscopically injected into the submucosal layer surrounding the primary tumor.

Results: SN detection rate was 100 % (156 of 156), and the accuracy of the nodal evaluation of metastasis was 99 % (155 of 156). Suprapyloric lymph node (LN; LN No. 5) and infrapyloric LN (LN No. 6) were detected as SNs in 6 and 14 % of the patients, respectively. We also found two cases with metastasis to LN No. 5 or LN No. 6.

Discussion: When performing PPG, the possibility of LN metastasis, especially to LN No. 5 and LN No. 6, cannot be underestimated. SN mapping can play an important role to predict the possibility of metastasis to LN No. 5 and LN No. 6.
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December 2016

Xanthogranulomatous gastritis of the remnant stomach mimicking a malignant tumor: A case report.

Oncol Lett 2016 Feb 24;11(2):1453-1456. Epub 2015 Dec 24.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Xanthogranulomas are known to develop in the gallbladder and kidney. Xanthogranuloma of the stomach is a rare disease, and to the best of our knowledge, only a few cases have been reported to date. The present patient was a 64-year-old man who underwent a wide resection of the stomach following a Billroth-I reconstruction for a gastric ulcer ~40 years prior to the current presentation. Due to tarry stools, a gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed, leading to identification of an ulcerated gastric lesion located at the previous suture line at the lesser curvature of the remnant stomach. This lesion was elevated, appearing to indicate a submucosal tumor. Positron emission tomography revealed uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose radiotracer by the tumor. Although not indicated by the biopsy specimens, a malignant tumor of the remnant stomach was suspected, in the form of a malignant gastrointestinal tumor or remnant gastric cancer. Curative resection of the tumor was successfully performed. Histological examination of the resected specimens revealed xanthogranulomatous inflammation consisting of foamy histiocytes and plasma cells, however, no cancer cells were observed. The tumor was diagnosed as xanthogranulomatous gastritis that mimicked a malignant tumor of the remnant stomach. The present study therefore indicates that inflammatory tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of malignant tumors.
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February 2016