Publications by authors named "Tahir Hasen"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward Corona virus Infection Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Public Hospitals in Three Wollega Zones, Ethiopia.

Int J Gen Med 2021 15;14:3563-3573. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Departments of Pediatrics and Neonatology Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Background: Pregnancy is an immune-suppressed state which makes pregnant women generally more susceptible to COVID-19 infection and severe illness. Extensive precautions have been recommended to avoid exposure to the virus. Knowledge and attitude toward the disease play an integral role in readiness to accept public health measures. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19 among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in three Wollega zones, Ethiopia.

Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional study was employed among 415 pregnant women attending antenatal care at public hospitals in three Wollega zones, Ethiopia from July to August 2020. The data were collected using an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire. The level of knowledge was assessed using 12 multiple choice questions; the score of above or equal to mean was considered as adequate knowledge. Binary logistic regression was performed and the adjusted odds ratio with P-value ≤0.05 at 95% CI was taken as statistically significant.

Results: This study indicates that more than two-thirds (75.4%; 95% CI: 71.1-79.3%) and 43.6% of the pregnant women had adequate knowledge and good practice about the coronavirus pandemic, respectively. The pregnant women who attended secondary school and above and were urban residents were more likely to have good knowledge, AOR = 2.99 (1.7-5.0) and 1.6 (1.2-2.7), respectively. Maternal age ≤ 25 yearsand being an urban resident were the two predictors of good practice of preventive measures, AOR = 1.7 (1.2-2.6) and 2.3 (1.3-4.0), respectively.

Conclusions And Recommendations: The target population demonstrated acceptable knowledge and poor practice toward COVID-19. Health-care providers should give more attention to educating pregnant women at any point of contact; legal enforcement should be implemented to improve practice of preventive measures. Special consideration should be given to those who are from rural areas, and to less-educated pregnant women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S295490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8289464PMC
July 2021

Diarrhea and associated factors among under-5 children in Ethiopia: A secondary data analysis.

SAGE Open Med 2020 31;8:2050312120944201. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Objectives: Diarrhea is a major contributing factor for preventable childhood morbidity and death. Despite the occurrence of diarrhea is decreasing, its effect is increasing at an alarming rate among under-5 children particularly in developing countries. The survey was aimed to assess diarrhea and associated factors among children less than 5 years (0-59 months) in Ethiopia with nationally representative data.

Methods: The data were extracted from the Ethiopian National Survey of 2016. A logistic regression model was undertaken to identify the contributing factors for childhood diarrhea. Variables with p < 0.05 were considered as independent predictors of childhood diarrhea.

Results: From a total of 10,641 under-5 children, 5483(51.5%) were males and most of the children (62.3%) were above 24 months. About 10.2% had diarrhea 14 days before data collection, and the majority (93.1%) were born to married mothers. Receiving no treatment or advice for fever/cough (adjusted odd ratio (AOR) = 0.170, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.139-0.208, p = 0.001), being permanent residence (AOR = 0.583, 95% CI: 0.347-0.982, p = 0.043), initiating breastfeeding after 24 h of birth (AOR = 1.553, 95% CI: 1.197-2.015, p = 0.001), and lack of prenatal care (AOR = 2.142, 95% CI: 0.624-0.875, p = 0.001) were independent predictors of diarrhea among under-5 children's in Ethiopia.

Conclusion: The result of this survey indicated that diarrhea is a significant health challenge among under-5 children. To tackle this illness, sufficient education on child and maternal health has to be provided for mothers focusing on predictive factors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312120944201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7406926PMC
July 2020

Maternal Satisfaction with Delivery Services of Government Hospitals in Ambo Town, West Shoa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2020.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2020 22;14:1225-1235. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Background: Maternal satisfaction with delivery service is used to measure the ability of services provided to meet consumers' expectations. Satisfying women with the care given during labor and delivery helps to develop a positive childbirth experience and a favorable attitude towards motherhood. There were limited studies that assessed maternal satisfaction in Ethiopia, and this study aimed to assess delivery service satisfaction and its associated factors among mothers who gave birth at public hospitals of Ambo town, West Ethiopia.

Methods: Institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 384 women, from April 20 to May 20, 2019, in public hospitals of Ambo town. The study participants were selected by systematic random sampling method and interviewed using structured questionnaires. The data were checked, coded and entered into Epi info version 7, and then exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of maternal satisfaction. A variable with a P value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 384 study participants were involved, making a response rate of 100%. Out of 384 mothers who participated in the study, 322 (83.9%) were satisfied with the delivery service, and 62 (16.1%) were unsatisfied with the delivery service. Monthly income less than 650 ETB (AOR=0.46, 95% CI: 0.22, 0.94) was associated with decreased maternal satisfaction. On the other hand, normal birth outcome (AOR=4.409, 95% CI: 1.453, 13.375) and maintenance of mothers' privacy (AOR = 8.405, 95% CI: 1.74,29.59) were associated with increased maternal satisfaction with delivery services.

Conclusion: The level of maternal satisfaction with the delivery services in this study was moderate. Monthly income, maternal birth outcome and maintenance of privacy were significantly associated with maternal satisfaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S251635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7383021PMC
July 2020

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and associated factors among Human immunodeficiency virus positive patients accessing treatment at Nekemte referral hospital, west Ethiopia, 2019.

PLoS One 2020 11;15(5):e0232703. Epub 2020 May 11.

School of Nursing and midwifery, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Background: Antiretroviral therapy has a remarkable clinical effect in reducing the progress of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. The clinical outcome of Anti-Retroviral therapy depends on strict adherence. Poor adherence reduces the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy and increases viral replication. With changes in service delivery over time and differences in socio-demographic status from region to region, it is essential to measure adherence. Therefore, this study aimed to assess adherence to antiretroviral therapy and its associated factors among HIV/AIDS patients accessing treatment at Nekemte referral hospital, West Ethiopia.

Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on 311 HIV/AIDS patients from March 01 to March 30, 2019. The study participants were selected by a simple random sampling method and interviewed using structured questionnaires. Bivariable logistic regression was conducted to find an association between each independent variable and adherence to antiretroviral medication. Multivariable logistic regression was used to find the independent variables which best predict adherence. The statistical significance was measured using odds ratio at a 95% confidence interval with a p-value of less than 0.05.

Results: Out of a total of 311 patients sampled, 305 were participated in the study, making a response rate of 98.07%. From these 305 study participants,73.1% (95% CI = 68.2, 78.0) were adherent to their medication. Having knowledge about HIV and its treatment (AOR = 8.24, 95% CI: 3.10, 21.92), having strong family/social support (AOR = 6.21, 95% CI: 1.39, 27.62), absence of adverse drug reaction (AOR = 5.33, 95% CI: 1.95, 14.57), absence of comorbidity of other chronic diseases (AOR = 5.72, 95% CI: 1.91, 17.16) and disclosing HIV status to the family (AOR = 5.08, 95% CI: 2.09, 12.34) were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of adherence to antiretroviral medication.

Conclusion: The level of adherence to antiretroviral therapy was found low compared to WHO recommendation. The clinician should emphasize reducing adverse drug reaction, detecting and treating co-morbidities early, improving knowledge through health education, and encouraging the patients to disclose their HIV status to their families.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232703PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7213685PMC
July 2020
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