Publications by authors named "Taehee Pyeon"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Maxillary sinusitis developed as sequelae of accidental middle turbinectomy that occurred during nasotracheal intubation: a case report.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Apr 22;21(1):126. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School and Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, South Korea.

Background: Nasotracheal intubation is a very useful technique for orofacial or dental surgery. However, the technique itself can be more traumatic than that of orotracheal intubation. Complications such as turbinectomy or bleeding are often reported. However, little is known about the follow-up of patients after these complications.

Case Presentation: The present case describes an accidental middle turbinectomy that led to endotracheal tube obstruction during nasotracheal intubation, and discusses its long-term follow-up. A 19-year-old man underwent mandibular surgery under general anesthesia and nasotracheal intubation. His right middle turbinate was completely avulsed and became firmly occluded within the tube during nasotracheal intubation. The nasotracheal intubation was performed again and the operation was completed safely. The patient was discharged without sequelae after postoperative care. However, he had symptoms of nasal obstruction and sleep disturbance for 3 months postoperatively. Synechiae were detected between the nasal septum and lateral nasal wall on a right rhinoscopic examination and facial computed tomography at 3 months postoperatively. Additionally, he showed ipsilateral maxillary sinusitis on facial computed tomography at the 2-year follow-up examination.

Conclusions: Nasotracheal intubation can cause late complications as well as early complications. Therefore, if nasotracheal intubation is to be performed, the anesthesiologist should identify the nasal anatomy of the patient accurately and prepare appropriately. In addition, if complications occur, follow-up observation should be performed.
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April 2021

Sugammadex is associated with shorter hospital length of stay after open lobectomy for lung cancer: a retrospective observational study.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Mar 23;16(1):45. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Hospital, 160, Baekseo-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-746, South Korea.

Background: Sugammadex is associated with few postoperative complications. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are related to prolonged hospitalizations. Present study explored whether the use of sugammadex could reduce PPCs and thereby reduce hospital length of stay (LOS) after lung surgery.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent elective open lobectomy for lung cancer from January 2010 to December 2015. Patients were divided into the sugammadex group and pyridostigmine group. The primary outcome was hospital LOS and secondary outcomes were postoperative complications and overall survival at 1 year. The cohort was subdivided into patients with and without prolonged LOS to explore the effects of sugammadex on outcomes in each group. Risk factors for LOS were determined via multivariate analyses. After propensity score matching, 127 patients were assigned to each group.

Results: Median hospital LOS was shorter (10.0 vs. 12.0 days) and the incidence of postoperative atelectasis was lower (18.1 vs. 29.9%) in the sugammadex group. However, no significant difference in overall survival between the groups was seen over 1 year (hazard ratio, 0.967; 95% confidence interval, 0.363 to 2.577). Sugammadex was a predictor related to LOS (exponential coefficient 0.88; 95% CI 0.82-0.95).

Conclusions: Our data suggest that sugammadex is a preferable agent for neuromuscular blockade (NMB) reversal than cholinesterase inhibitors in this patient population.

Trial Registration: This study registered in the Clinical Research Information Service of the Korea National Institute of Health (approval number: KCT0004735 , Date of registration: 21 January 2020, Retrospectively registered).
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March 2021

Incidental detection of a retained left atrial catheter via intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in a patient undergoing tricuspid valve replacement: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(19):e20058

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam University Hospital.

Rationale: A cardiac foreign body can cause thrombosis or infection, but sometimes it may not cause any symptoms in a patient. The diagnosis is mainly performed using a radiological examination. Especially, ultrasound is useful not only for detecting the foreign body but also for hemodynamic findings. However, the disadvantage of ultrasound is that it cannot be used where shadows are generated because of poor permeability. The transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is superior to transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for identifying posterior cardiac structures because the probe is located in the esophagus behind the heart. Here, we report on the incidental finding of a foreign body in the left atrium through TEE during cardiac surgery. It did not cause any symptoms or signs for 20 years.

Patient Concerns: A 75-year-old female patient with severe tricuspid regurgitation underwent tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) under general anesthesia. She had a history of mitral valve replacement (MVR) and tricuspid annuloplasty surgery 20 years ago.

Diagnosis: A hyper-echoic floating intracardiac foreign body was observed in the left atrium during TEE examination. It was not detected in the preoperative imaging studies such as X-ray, computed tomography, TTE.

Interventions: The cardiac foreign body found using TEE was visually confirmed through an incision in the left atrium. A long and thin foreign body was located in the right upper pulmonary vein to the left atrium, which was considered to be a left atrial catheter used during the MVR surgery performed 20 years ago. After removing the foreign body, the planned TVR operation proceeded.

Outcomes: After removing the intracardiac foreign body and TVR, the patient was admitted into the intensive care unit followed by the general ward as planned, and discharged without any complications.

Lessons: TEE was very useful for diagnosing a foreign body in the posterior part of the heart. TEE performed during the perioperative period should be performed beyond the level of re-confirming the findings of TEE performed prior to surgery. If a retained catheter is detected, it may be appropriate to remove it considering the risk of complications.
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May 2020

A retrospective study of the relationship between postoperative urine output and one year transplanted kidney function.

BMC Anesthesiol 2019 12 17;19(1):231. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School; Chonnam National University Hospital, 42 Jebong-ro Dong-gu, Gwangju, 61469, South Korea.

Background: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the most obvious method of treating a patient with end-stage renal disease. In the early stages of KT, urine production is considered a marker of successful reperfusion of the kidney after anastomosis. However, there is no clear conclusion about the relationship between initial urine output after KT and 1-year renal function. Thus, we investigated the factors that affect 1-year kidney function after KT, including urine output.

Methods: This retrospective study investigated the relationship between urine output in the 3 days after KT and transplanted kidney prognosis after 1-year. In total, 291 patients (129 living-donor and 162 deceased-donor transplant recipients) were analyzed; 24-h urine volume per body weight (in kilograms) was measured for 3 days postoperatively. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), determined by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease algorithm, was used as an index of renal function. Patients were grouped according to eGFR at 1-year after KT: a good residual function group, eGFR ≥60, and a poor residual function group, eGFR < 60.

Result: Recipients' factors affecting 1-year eGFR include height (P = 0.03), weight (P = 0.00), and body mass index (P = 0.00). Donor factors affecting 1-year eGFR include age (P = 0.00) and number of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches (P = 0.00). The urine output for 3 days after KT (postoperative day 1; 2 and 3) was associated with 1-year eGFR in deceased-donor (P = 0.00; P = 0.00 and P = 0.01). And, postoperative urine output was associated with the occurrence of delayed graft function (area under curve (AUC) = 0.913; AUC = 0.984 and AUC = 0.944).

Conclusion: Although postoperative urine output alone is not enough to predict 1-year GFR, the incidence of delayed graft function can be predicted. Also, the appropriate urine output after KT may differ depending on the type of the transplanted kidney.

Trial Registration: Clinical Research Information Service of the Korea National Institute of Health in the Republic of Korea (KCT0003571).
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December 2019

Febrile convulsions during recovery after anesthesia in an infant with history of MMR vaccination: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Aug;98(35):e17047

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Hospital, South Korea.

Rationale: Seizures are rare during the perioperative period; in most cases, there is a previous history of epilepsy or surgery-associated seizures. Febrile convulsions may occur when the body temperature rises above 38°C; this is the most common cause of seizures in children. Febrile convulsions after general anesthesia in the postanesthetic care unit (PACU) without a past or family history are rare. Some reviews suggest that since anesthesia changes immunity, elective surgery should be postponed three weeks after live vaccination.

Patient: A 12-month-old female with bilateral hearing loss underwent cochlear implantation under general anesthesia. She did not have any history of convulsions or developmental disorders. However, 1 week before surgery, measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination was given as a regular immunization.

Diagnoses: Forty minutes after arrival at the PACU, sudden generalized tonic-clonic movement occurred during recovery and the patient's measured body temperature exceeded 38.0°C.

Interventions: Thiopental sodium was administered intravenously as an anticonvulsant, and the tonic-clonic movement stopped immediately. Endotracheal intubation was performed to secure the airway, and tepid massage and diclofenac β-dimethylaminoethanol administration were performed to lower the patient's body temperature.

Outcomes: There was no further fever and no seizures, and no other neurological deficits were observed until discharge.

Lessons: The anesthesiologist should check the recent vaccination history even if the patient has not developed particular symptoms after vaccination. It is important to know that febrile convulsions may occur in patients who have recently received MMR vaccination.
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August 2019

Population pharmacokinetics of palonosetron and model-based assessment of dosing strategies.

J Anesth 2019 06 11;33(3):381-389. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, 160, Baekseo-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju, South Korea.

Purpose: Palonosetron is the most recent 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist, and its fixed dose of 0.075 mg is indicated for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting. This study aimed to examine whether fixed dosing is more appropriate than body size-based dosing through the development of a population pharmacokinetic model and model-based simulations.

Methods: Fifty-one adult patients undergoing general anesthesia received single intravenous palonosetron administrations 30 min before the end of surgery. Palonosetron concentrations were measured in blood samples collected at various timepoints within 48 h. A population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by non-linear mixed-effects modeling, and the area under the curves (AUCs) for fixed dosing and body size-based dosing were simulated.

Results: The pharmacokinetics of palonosetron were best described by the three-compartment model, and lean body weight (LBW) was the most significant covariate for all pharmacokinetic parameters. In a patient with LBW of 40 kg, typical clearance and central volume of distribution were 0.102 L/min and 6.98 L, respectively. In simulations, the overall interindividual variability in AUC (0, 48 h) of fixed dosing was not much higher than that of body size-based dosing. In subgroup analysis, the AUCs (0, 48 h) of fixed dosing were considerably lower in the high-weight subgroup and higher in the low-weight subgroup than the median-weight subgroup. In contrast, LBW-based dosing showed similar AUC distributions among the three subgroups.

Conclusion: LBW-based dosing might be suitable for high-weight patients to avoid possible underdosing. Nevertheless, the current fixed dosing of palonosetron is acceptable for adult patients with normal weight.
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June 2019

Folded large-bore central catheter in the right internal jugular vein as shown by ultrasound: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2019 Feb 6;47(2):1005-1009. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, South Korea.

Central venous catheters are used for various purposes in the operating room. Generally, the use of ultrasound to insert a central venous catheter is rapid and minimally complicated. An advanced venous access (AVA) catheter is used to gain access to the pulmonary artery and facilitate fluid resuscitation through the internal jugular vein. The present report describes a case in which ultrasound was used in a 43-year-old man to avoid complications during insertion of an AVA catheter with a relatively large diameter. The sheath of the catheter was so thin that a dilator was essential to prevent it from folding upon insertion. Despite the use of ultrasound guidance, the AVA catheter sheath became folded within the patient's internal jugular vein. Mechanical complications of central venous catheter insertion are well known, but folding of a large-bore catheter in the internal jugular vein has rarely been reported.
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February 2019

The effect of triazolam premedication on anxiety, sedation, and amnesia in general anesthesia.

Korean J Anesthesiol 2017 Jun 12;70(3):292-298. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Benzodiazepines have been used preoperatively as part of an anesthesia regimen to attenuate the anxiety of patients. In this study, we aimed to examine the effect of oral triazolam, a short-acting benzodiazepine, on anxiety, sedation, and amnesia.

Methods: Ninety patients, aged 20-55 years, were randomly assigned to receive no premedication, or to receive triazolam 0.25 mg or 0.375 mg 1 h before anesthesia. Anxiety score, sedation score, blood pressure, heart rate and psychomotor performance were measured on the evening before surgery and on the day of surgery. Additional tests of psychomotor performance were performed in the postanesthesia care unit and on the next day of surgery. The occurrence of amnesia, bispectral index (BIS), recovery profiles and patient satisfaction with overall anesthesia care were also evaluated.

Results: Changes in the anxiety and sedation scores on the day of surgery were not significantly different among groups, whereas the increases in systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly less in both triazolam groups. The triazolam groups both showed a higher incidence of high satisfaction scores (≥ 2). The two triazolam groups also showed similar outcomes, except for a dose-dependent increase in the number of patients with amnesia and BIS values < 90. Delayed recovery from general anesthesia and psychomotor impairment were not observed in the triazolam groups.

Conclusions: Triazolam 0.25 mg or 0.375 mg reduced the hemodynamic changes associated with anxiety, produced potent amnesia, and improved patient satisfaction. We suggest that triazolam can be used effectively as anesthetic premedication in adults.
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June 2017

Use of triazolam and alprazolam as premedication for general anesthesia.

Korean J Anesthesiol 2015 Aug 28;68(4):346-51. Epub 2015 Jul 28.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Triazolam has similar pharmacological properties as other benzodiazepines and is generally used as a sedative to treat insomnia. Alprazolam represents a possible alternative to midazolam for the premedication of surgical patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anxiolytic, sedative, and amnestic properties of triazolam and alprazolam as pre-anesthetic medications.

Methods: Sixty adult patients were randomly allocated to receive oral triazolam 0.25 mg or alprazolam 0.5 mg one hour prior to surgery. A structured assessment interview was performed in the operating room (OR), the recovery room, and the ward. The levels of anxiety and sedation were assessed on a 7-point scale (0 = relaxation to 6 = very severe anxiety) and a 5-point scale (0 = alert to 4 = lack of responsiveness), respectively. The psychomotor performance was estimated using a digit symbol substitution test. As a memory test, we asked the patients the day after the surgery if they remembered being moved from the ward to the OR, and what object we had shown them in the OR.

Results: There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to anxiety and sedation. The postoperative interviews showed that 22.2% of the triazolam-treated patients experienced a loss of memory in the OR, against a 0% memory loss in the alprazolam-treated patients. In comparison with alprazolam 0.5 mg, triazolam 0.25 mg produced a higher incidence of amnesia without causing respiratory depression.

Conclusions: Oral triazolam 0.25 mg can be an effective preanesthetic medication for psychomotor performance.
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August 2015