Publications by authors named "Tadashi Yokoyama"

122 Publications

Influence of potassium-solubilizing bacteria on the growth and radiocesium phyto-transfer of Brassica rapa L. var. perviridis grown in contaminated Fukushima soils.

J Environ Radioact 2021 Jun 17;237:106682. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Saiwaicho 3-5-8, Fuchu, Tokyo, 183-12 8509, Japan; The Faculty of Food and Agricultural Science, Fukushima University, Kanayagawa, Fukushima City, Fukushima, 960-1296, Japan.

The supply of K, being the chemical analog of Cs, affects the phytotransfer of radiocesium such as Cs from contaminated soils and its accumulation in plant tissues. Since K and Cs have high affinity to the same clay particle surfaces, the presence of potassium-solubilizing bacteria (KSB) could increase the availability of not only K in the rhizosphere but also of radiocesium. In this study, we obtained five KSB isolates with the highest solubilization capacities from soybean rhizosphere on modified Aleksandrov medium containing sericite as K source. Based on biochemical and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, we identified the bacteria as Bacillus aryabhattai MG774424, Pseudomonas umsongensis MG774425, P. frederiksbergensis MG774426, Burkholderia sabiae MG774427, and P. mandelii MG774428. We evaluated the KSB isolates based on plant growth promotion and Cs accumulation in komatsuna (Brassica rapa L. var. Perviridis) grown in three soils collected from Miyanoiri, Takanishi, and Ota contaminated by Cs from the Fukushima accident. Inoculation with KSB showed beneficial effects on plant growth and increased the overall plant biomass production (~40%). On the average, KSB inoculation resulted in the removal of 0.07 ± 0.04% of Cs from the soil, more than twice the control. But similar to the effect of KSB inoculation on komatsuna biomass production, different KSBs performed variably and exhibited site-specific responses independent of their K-solubilizing capacities, with higher Cs phyto-transfer in roots than in shoots. In terms of root transfer factor (TF), values were highest in komatsuna plants grown in Miyanoiri and Ota soils inoculated with P. frederiksbergensis and Burkholderia sabiae, while they were highest in Takanishi soils inoculated with Bacillus aryabhattai and P. umsongensis. These TF values were also much higher than previously reported values for komatsuna grown in Cs-contaminated Fukushima soils inoculated with other rhizobacteria. Thus, KSB inoculation significantly enhance not only the growth of komatsuna but Cs uptake.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2021.106682DOI Listing
June 2021

Genetic Diversity and Characterization of Symbiotic Bacteria Isolated from Endemic Phaseolus Cultivars Located in Contrasting Agroecosystems in Venezuela.

Microbes Environ 2021 ;36(2)

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT).

Phaseolus vulgaris is a grain cultivated in vast areas of different countries. It is an excellent alternative to the other legumes in the Venezuelan diet and is of great agronomic interest due to its resistance to soil acidity, drought, and high temperatures. Phaseolus establishes symbiosis primarily with Rhizobium and Ensifer species in most countries, and this rhizobia-legume interaction has been studied in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. However, there is currently no evidence to show that rhizobia nodulate the endemic cultivars of P. vulgaris in Venezuela. Therefore, we herein investigated the phylogenetic diversity of plant growth-promoting and N-fixing nodulating bacteria isolated from the root nodules of P. vulgaris cultivars in a different agroecosystem in Venezuela. In comparisons with other countries, higher diversity was found in isolates from P. vulgaris nodules, ranging from α- and β-proteobacteria. Some isolates belonging to several new phylogenetic lineages within Bradyrhizobium, Ensifer, and Mesorhizobium species were also specifically isolated at some topographical regions. Additionally, some isolates exhibited tolerance to high temperature, acidity, alkaline pH, salinity stress, and high Al levels; some of these characteristics may be related to the origin of the isolates. Some isolates showed high tolerance to Al toxicity as well as strong plant growth-promoting and antifungal activities, thereby providing a promising agricultural resource for inoculating crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME20157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8209454PMC
January 2021

[A Case of Liver Metastasis of Colorectal Cancer in a Hemodialysis Patient, Underwent Liver Resection and Chemotherapy after Colorectal Resection].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Apr;48(4):552-554

Dept. of Surgery, Ako City Hospital.

A 60 years old man has undergone hemodialysis due to chronic renal failure by diabetic nephropathy. A sigmoid colon cancer and multiple liver metastases(S2, S6)were found, and he had laparoscopic sigmoid colon resection first, it was local resection. The stage was pT3N2aH1, stage Ⅳ, and histopathological examination revealed that the tumor was well‒differentiated adenocarcinoma and RAS, BRAF mutation was negative. From the 4th week after surgery, mFOLFOX4 plus panitumumab( oxaliplatin 60 mg/m2[30% reduction]), continuous intravenous injection fluorouracil 600 mg/m2(regulated amount), rapid intravenous injection fluorouracil 400 mg/m2(regulated amount), Leucovorin 100 mg/m2(regulated amount), panitumumab 6 mg/kg(regulated amount)were given for 4 courses. Since partial response was obtained in both hepatic lesions, we underwent radiofrequency ablation for S6 lesion and laparoscopic partial hepatectomy for S2 lesion. Eight months have passed since the first visit, but no recurrence have been observed. The kidney is an organ that metabolizes many drugs, and it is necessary to adjust the drug volume and consider the timing of administration even in anticancer chemotherapy. We report that we experienced chemotherapy for colorectal cancer during hemodialysis with a review of the literature.
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April 2021

Prediction of portal vein thrombosis after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2021 May 27;406(3):781-789. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) following hepatectomy is potentially life-threatening. We aimed to evaluate the incidence of PVT after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma and identify coagulation and fibrinolytic factors that could predict early-stage postoperative PVT.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 65 hepatocellular carcinoma patients who underwent radical hepatectomy. The risk factors for postoperative PVT were identified based on univariate and multivariate analyses, and the levels of coagulation and fibrinolytic factors were measured during the perioperative period.

Results: The incidence of PVT after hepatectomy was 20.0%. The patients were divided into two groups: those with PVT (n=13; PVT group) and those without PVT (n=52; no-PVT group). The frequency of the use of the Pringle maneuver during surgery was higher in the PVT group than in the no-PVT group, and the postoperative/preoperative ratios of thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) and of D-dimer were significantly higher in the PVT group.

Conclusion: A high incidence of PVT was found in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after hepatectomy. The frequency of the Pringle maneuver is a potential risk factor for postoperative PVT, and the postoperative/preoperative TAT and D-dimer ratios may be used as early predictors of PVT after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-021-02125-9DOI Listing
May 2021

[Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes as a Bridge to Surgery for Malignant Colonic Obstruction].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2020 Dec;47(13):1980-1982

Dept. of Surgery, Ako City Hospital.

We investigated the efficacy of colonic stent as a bridge to surgery(BTS)for malignant colonic obstruction retrospectively. 25 patients were inserted self-expandable metallic colonic stent as BTS(S group), 16 patients were placed trans-anal ileus tube as BTS(I group)and in 15 patients(E group)emergent surgery were performed. These 3 groups were investigated as follows. Technical success for colonic stent placement was obtained in all S group patients but clinical success rate was 92.0%(23/25). One was not decompressed sufficiently due to 2 obstructed colonic cancers and another patient stent was migrated. 3-year overall survival was 79.7%(S group), 75.0%(I group), 73.3%(E group), respectively. 3-year progression- free survival was 47.1%, 56.3%, 53.3%, respectively. Overall survival rate for S group patients was equivalent compared with patients of non-obstructive colonic cancer(control group)in stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ for the same investigation periods. Colonic stent for BTS was indicated to be safe and effective strategy for obstructive colon cancer, and further investigation are needed to confirm long-term outcomes.
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December 2020

Elemental diet therapy plays a significant role in preventing surgical recurrence of Crohn's disease in the era of biologics.

Surg Today 2021 Feb 18;51(2):250-257. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Yokoyama Memorial Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

Purpose: Most patients with Crohn's disease (CD) experience surgical recurrence. In this era of novel therapies, we conducted this study to clarify which treatments effectively decrease the risk of surgical recurrence in patients with CD.

Methods: The subjects of this retrospective study were 37 patients with CD. We created cumulative surgery rate curves and performed univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: Univariate analysis revealed that patients who consumed an elemental diet (ED; ≥ 900 kcal/day), anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and thiopurines had a significantly better prognosis than those who did not (p = 0.011, p = 0.025, and p = 0.0080, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that ED therapy and thiopurines were independent significant factors for controlling surgical recurrence (p = 0.046 and p = 0.032, respectively). Additional analyses showed that the most promising ED therapeutic dose was ≥ 1200 kcal/day, while an ED therapeutic dose of ≥ 900 kcal/day was acceptable.

Conclusions: Although univariate analyses revealed that all three treatment strategies had significant effects on surgical recurrence in patients with CD, multivariate analysis revealed that only ED therapy was significantly associated with surgical recurrence rates. Thus, ED therapy plays an important role in the management of CD, even in the era of biological therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-020-02112-5DOI Listing
February 2021

Efficacy and safety of a new vedolizumab subcutaneous formulation in Japanese patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis.

Intest Res 2020 Aug 18. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Center for Advanced IBD Research and Treatment, Kitasato University Kitasato Institute Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background/aims: A subgroup analysis was conducted in Japanese patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC) enrolled in the phase 3 VISIBLE 1 study, which evaluated the safety and efficacy of a new vedolizumab subcutaneous (SC) formulation.

Methods: Eligible patients received open-label infusions of vedolizumab 300 mg intravenous (IV) at weeks 0 and 2 in the induction phase. Patients with clinical response by complete Mayo score at week 6 entered the double-blind maintenance phase and were randomized to vedolizumab 108 mg SC every 2 weeks, placebo, or vedolizumab 300 mg IV every 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was clinical remission (complete Mayo score ≤ 2 points; no individual subscore > 1 point) at week 52.

Results: Of 49 patients who entered the induction phase, 22 out of 49 patients (45%) had clinical response at week 6 and were randomized to vedolizumab 108 mg SC (n = 10), placebo (n = 10), or vedolizumab 300 mg IV (n = 2). At week 52, 4 out of 10 patients (40%) who received vedolizumab SC had clinical remission versus 2 out of 10 patients (20%) who received placebo (difference: 20% [95% confidence interval, -27.9 to 61.8]). Two patients (2/10, 20%) who received vedolizumab SC experienced an injection-site reaction versus none who received placebo.

Conclusions: Our results indicate that the efficacy of vedolizumab SC in a subgroup of Japanese patients with UC are similar with those in the overall VISIBLE 1 study population, and with those established with vedolizumab IV. The safety and tolerability of vedolizumab SC were generally similar to that established for vedolizumab IV. (ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02611830; EudraCT 2015-000480-14).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5217/ir.2020.00026DOI Listing
August 2020

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy During Pregnancy: A Case Report and Review of Literature in Japan.

Cureus 2020 Apr 12;12(4):e7656. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, JPN.

Herein we report a case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a 26-year-old pregnant woman with no remarkable medical history. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed at 21 weeks of gestation. To prevent uterus injury, the first trocar was inserted into the right hypochondrium using the open method after marking the site of the uterus via ultrasonography. After confirming the site of the uterus, the second trocar with a balloon was inserted 3 finger widths above the umbilicus. Additional 5-mm trocars were inserted into the epigastric and hypochondrial regions. A good surgical view was obtained with a pneumoperitoneal pressure of 8 mmHg. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully performed without any complications during or after the operation. She had a normal delivery at 39 weeks of gestation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a viable treatment option during pregnancy, provided there is close consultation and cooperation between obstetricians and anesthesiologists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217589PMC
April 2020

Characterization of Rhizobia for the Improvement of Soybean Cultivation at Cold Conditions in Central Europe.

Microbes Environ 2020 ;35(1)

Institute of Global Innovation Research (GIR), Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology.

In central Europe, soybean cultivation is gaining increasing importance to reduce protein imports from overseas and make cropping systems more sustainable. In the field, despite the inoculation of soybean with commercial rhizobia, its nodulation is low. In many parts of Europe, limited information is currently available on the genetic diversity of rhizobia and, thus, biological resources for selecting high nitrogen-fixing rhizobia are inadequate. These resources are urgently needed to improve soybean production in central Europe. The objective of the present study was to identify strains that have the potential to increase nitrogen fixation by and the yield of soybean in German soils. We isolated and characterized 77 soybean rhizobia from 18 different sampling sites. Based on a multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA), 71% of isolates were identified as Bradyrhizobium and 29% as Rhizobium. A comparative analysis of the nodD and nifH genes showed no significant differences, which indicated that the soybean rhizobia symbiotic genes in the present study belong to only one type. One isolate, GMF14 which was tolerant of a low temperature (4°C), exhibited higher nitrogen fixation in root nodules and a greater plant biomass than USDA 110 under cold conditions. These results strongly suggest that some indigenous rhizobia enhance biological nitrogen fixation and soybean yield due to their adaption to local conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME19124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7104276PMC
March 2020

Phylogenetic Analysis of Symbiotic Bacteria Associated with Two Vigna Species under Different Agro-Ecological Conditions in Venezuela.

Microbes Environ 2020 ;35(1)

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT).

Vigna is a genus of legumes cultivated in specific areas of tropical countries. Species in this genus are important crops worldwide. Vigna species are of great agronomic interest in Venezuela because Vigna beans are an excellent alternative to other legumes. However, this type of crop has some cultivation issues due to sensitivity to acidic soils, high temperatures, and salinity stress, which are common in Venezuela. Vigna species establish symbioses mainly with Bradyrhizobium and Ensifer, and Vigna-rhizobia interactions have been examined in Asia, Africa, and America. However, the identities of the rhizobia associated with V. radiata and V. unguiculata in Venezuela remain unknown. In the present study, we isolated Venezuelan symbiotic rhizobia associated with Vigna species from soils with contrasting agroecosystems or from fields in Venezuela. Several types of soils were used for bacterial isolation and nodules were sampled from environments characterized by abiotic stressors, such as high temperatures, high concentrations of NaCl, and acidic or alkaline pH. Venezuelan Vigna-rhizobia were mainly fast-growing. Sequencing of several housekeeping genes showed that in contrast to other continents, Venezuelan Vigna species were nodulated by rhizobia genus including Burkholderia, containing bacteria from several new phylogenetic lineages within the genus Bradyrhizobium. Some Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium isolates were tolerant of high salinity and Al toxicity. The stress tolerance of strains was dependent on the type of rhizobia, soil origin, and cultivation history. An isolate classified as R. phaseoli showed the highest plant biomass, nitrogen fixation, and excellent abiotic stress response, suggesting a novel promising inoculant for Vigna cultivation in Venezuela.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME19120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7104274PMC
January 2020

Capecitabine + Epirubicin + Cyclophosphamide Combination Therapy (CEX Therapy) as Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for HER-2-Negative Breast Cancer: A Retrospective, Single-Center Study.

J Nippon Med Sch 2020 May 28;87(2):73-79. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nippon Medical School.

Background: We modified and administered capecitabine + epirubicin + cyclophosphamide combination therapy (CEX) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for HER-2-negative breast cancer and retrospectively analyzed its effectiveness and tolerability at our center.

Methods: The inclusion criteria were presence of breast cancer negative for HER-2 and positive lymph node metastasis, or negative lymph node metastasis when tumor diameter was 20 mm or greater without distant metastasis. Additional inclusion criteria were a performance status of 0 or 1, an EF >60%, and an age of 75 years or less. Clinical outcomes were evaluated after 4 courses of epirubicin 80 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 (administered every 3 weeks), and capecitabine 1,500 mg/m2 (administered for 2 weeks and withdrawn for 1 week).

Results: A clinical benefit was noted in all 18 patients who received CEX as neoadjuvant chemotherapy during the period from 2009 through 2013. The clinical response rate was 83.3% (15/18), and the clinical complete response rate was 50%. Aesthetic outcomes of breast-conserving surgery were positive in all patients. Among patients with satisfactory outcomes, 33.3% had a pathologic complete response (triple-negative: 6, luminal: 0) and 68.8% were n0 (triple-negative: 8, luminal: 3). All patients with a pathologic complete response are presently alive, free of recurrence, and currently undergoing follow-up. Adverse events were classified as grade 2 or lower in all patients.

Conclusions: CEX therapy administered as neoadjuvant chemotherapy could be useful for individualized treatment. In particular, this regimen was effective for triple-negative breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2020_87-204DOI Listing
May 2020

A series of seton techniques involving "top-down therapy" for patients with Crohn's disease who initially presented with perianal fistulas.

J Anus Rectum Colon 2018 29;2(4):122-129. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Surgery, Yokoyama Memorial Hospital, Nagoya City, Japan.

Objectives: We determined the outcomes of seton treatment through a series of techniques using biological agents (BIOs) in 18 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) who initially presented with perianal fistulas.

Methods: The patients underwent seton drainage using three seton types: a Penrose tube for fistulas with massive purulent discharge, a vessel loop for a small amount of discharge, and a rubber band for unproductive fistulas. If the distal end of the fistula extended more than 4 cm from the anal orifice, the skin and subcutaneous tissue were dissected along the outer edge of the anal sphincter to divide the fistulous tract into two portions. One seton encircled the sphincter from the primary opening throughout the anal canal (medial seton), and the other was inserted through the distal tract outside the sphincter (lateral seton). A BIO was then introduced immediately. When discharge ceased, the Penrose tube or vessel loop was replaced sequentially with a rubber band, which was tied fittingly and subsequently removed in medial to lateral order.

Results: The mean interval between fistula onset and CD diagnosis was 2.1 years, and that between CD diagnosis and introduction of BIOs was 0.5 years. The mean follow-up duration was 4 years. The BIOs currently used were infliximab in 10 patients, adalimumab in 7, and ustekinumab in 1. The overall success rate was 94.4%, including unproductive fistulas in 10 (55.6%) patients and fistula disappearance in 7 (38.9%).

Conclusions: Our seton drainage techniques via the "top-down" approach represent a promising avenue for treating perianal fistulas in patients with CD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23922/jarc.2017-044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6752135PMC
October 2018

Isolation and Screening of Indigenous Plant Growth-promoting Rhizobacteria from Different Rice Cultivars in Afghanistan Soils.

Microbes Environ 2019 Dec 14;34(4):347-355. Epub 2019 Sep 14.

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology.

To develop biofertilizers for rice in Afghanistan, 98 plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria were isolated from rice plants and their morphological and physiological characteristics, such as indole-3-acetic acid production, acetylene reduction, phosphate and potassium solubilization, and siderophore production, were evaluated. The genetic diversity of these bacteria was also analyzed based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Of 98 bacteria, 89.7% produced IAA, 54.0% exhibited nitrogenase activity, and 40% showed phosphate solubilization and siderophore production. Some isolates assigned to Pseudomonas (brassicacearum, chengduensis, plecoglossicida, resinovorans, and straminea) formed a relationship with rice, and P. resinovorans and P. straminea showed nitrogen fixation. Rhizobium borbori and R. rosettiformans showed a relationship with rice plants and nitrogen fixation. Among the isolates examined, AF134 and AF137 belonging to Enterobacter ludwigii and P. putida produced large amounts of IAA (92.3 μg mL) and exhibited high nitrogenase activity (647.4 nmol CH h), respectively. In the plant growth test, more than 70% of the inoculated isolates showed significantly increased root and shoot dry weights. Highly diverse bacterial isolates showing promising rice growth-promoting traits were obtained from Afghanistan alkaline soils.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME18168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6934389PMC
December 2019

Next generation long-culm rice with superior lodging resistance and high grain yield, Monster Rice 1.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(8):e0221424. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan.

During late 1960s Green Revolution, researchers utilized semidwarf 1 (sd1) to improve the yield and lodging resistance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). However, sd1 has a negative effect to culm strength and biomass production. To increase yield dramatically in 21th century, development of next generation long-culm rice for non-lodging and high grain yield independent of sd1 has been needed. The present study developed Monster Rice 1, a long-culm and heavy-panicle type of rice line and compared it with Takanari, a high-yielding semidwarf rice variety about yield and lodging resistance associated traits. Brown rice yield and bending moment at breaking of the basal elongated internode were higher in Monster Rice 1 than those in Takanari due to a large number of spikelets per panicle and thicker culm. Furthermore, to identify QTLs with superior alleles for these traits, QTL and haplotype analyses were performed using F2 population and recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between Monster Rice 1 and Takanari. The results from this study suggest that long-culm and heavy-panicle type of rice with a superior lodging resistance by culm strength can perform its high yield potential by using these identified QTLs contributing yield and lodging resistance.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0221424PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6705783PMC
March 2020

Influence of rice-husk biochar and Bacillus pumilus strain TUAT-1 on yield, biomass production, and nutrient uptake in two forage rice genotypes.

PLoS One 2019 31;14(7):e0220236. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Central Region Agricultural Research Center, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Biochar is widely used as a soil amendment to increase crop yields. However, the impact of the interaction between the biochar and microbial inoculants (e.g., biofertilizer) on plant nutrient uptake and yield in forage rice is not fully understood. A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the synergistic effects of rice-husk biochar and Bacillus pumilus strain TUAT-1 biofertilizer application on growth, yield, and nutrient uptake in two forage rice genotypes; Fukuhibiki and the newly bred line, LTAT-29. Positive effects of biochar and biofertilizer, alone or in a combination, on growth traits, nutrient uptake, and yield components were dependent on the rice genotypes. Biochar and TUAT-1 biofertilizer influenced the overall growth of plants positively and increased straw and above-ground biomass in both genotypes. However, although biochar application significantly increased grain yield in LTAT-29, this was not the case in Fukuhibiki. Biochar and TUAT-1 biofertilizer, either alone or combined, significantly affected plant nutrient uptake but the effect largely depended on rice genotype. Results of this study indicate that biochar amendment and TUAT-1 biofertilizer can enhance forage rice productivity depending on genotypes, and therefore, there is a need to consider plant genetic composition when evaluating the potential for crop response to these soil amendments before application on a commercial scale.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0220236PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6668810PMC
March 2020

Phloem-specific overexpression of AtOPT6 in Arabidopsis enhances Zn transport into shoots.

Plant Sci 2019 Aug 30;285:91-98. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Institute of Global Innovation Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan; Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan. Electronic address:

The Arabidopsis oligopeptide transporter AtOPT6 is membrane transport protein that mediated transport of glutathione in both the reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) forms. In this study, the role of AtOPT6 in glutathione distribution throughout the plant was investigated. We found that transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AtOPT6 under the control of a phloem-specific promoter of sucrose-proton symporter 2 (pSUC2), remarkably increased AtOPT6 transcript levels, ranging from 30- to 40-fold in shoots and 6- to 10-fold in roots, relative to the wild type. AtOPT6-overexpressing lines could elevate the foliar glutathione content; however, glutathione content in the phloem did not change. We observed that the ratio of shoot glutathione content to total glutathione content increased in AtOPT6-overexpressing lines, but not in transgenic Arabidopsis with elevated foliar GSH synthesis. These results indicate the possibility that loading and unloading of glutathione in phloem tissues are enhanced in AtOPT6-overexpressing lines under the control of pSUC2. The results of heavy metal analysis revealed that transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AtOPT6 under the control of pSUC2 could promote the transport of Zn into shoots as effectively as transgenic Arabidopsis with elevated foliar GSH synthesis, or wild-type plants with exogenous foliar application of GSH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.04.022DOI Listing
August 2019

[A Case of Survival Following Fourth-Line Outpatient Chemotherapy 19 Months after Surgery for Small Intestinal Cancer with Multiple Liver Metastases in a Patient with Good General Condition].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 May;46(5):949-952

Dept. of Surgery, Nippon Medical School Tama Nagayama Hospital.

A 59-year-old woman who complained of melena and lightheadedness visited the outpatient clinic at our hospital.According to her blood test result, she had anemia, and her tumor marker levels were high.Enhanced computed tomography(CT) findings showed small intestinal cancer with multiple liver metastases.Partial resection of the small bowel for the small intestinal cancer was performed.Following the administration of fourth-line outpatient chemotherapy containing S-1 plus irinotecan( IRIS)and IRIS plus bevacizumab(IRIS plus Bev), S-1 plus oxaliplatin plus Bev(SOX plus Bev), and weekly paclitaxel (wPAC), she survived with good condition for 19 months after the surgery.
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May 2019

Elevated glutathione synthesis in leaves contributes to zinc transport from roots to shoots in Arabidopsis.

Plant Sci 2019 Jun 13;283:416-423. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Institute of Global Innovation Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan; Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan. Electronic address:

Glutathione (GSH) is a vital compound involved in several plant metabolic pathways. Our previous study indicated that foliar GSH application can increase zinc (Zn) levels in leafy vegetables. The objective of this study was to determine the mode of action of GSH as it relates to Zn transport from roots to shoots. Two types of transgenic Arabidopsis plants with genes for GSH synthesis, including StGCS-GS or AtGSH1 driven by the leaf-specific promoter of chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (pCab3) gene were generated. Both types of transgenic Arabidopsis plants showed significant increases in shoot GSH concentrations compared to the wild type (WT). Monitoring Zn movement by positron-emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS) analysis indicated that the Zn amount in the shoots of both types of transgenic Arabidopsis plants were higher than that in the WT. GSH concentration in phloem sap was increased significantly in WT with foliar applications of 10 mM GSH (WT-GSH), but not in transgenic Arabidopsis with elevated foliar GSH synthesis. Both types of transgenic Arabidopsis with elevated foliar GSH synthesis and WT-GSH exhibited increased shoot Zn concentrations and Zn translocation ratios. These results suggest that enhancement of endogenous foliar GSH synthesis and exogenous foliar GSH application affect root-to-shoot transport of Zn.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.11.003DOI Listing
June 2019

Complete Genome Sequence of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacillus pumilus TUAT1.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2019 May 23;8(21). Epub 2019 May 23.

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan

TUAT1 was isolated from soil in a university research field. Strain TUAT1 has the ability to promote the growth of plants, including that of rice, and has been commercialized as a biofertilizer. Here, we sequenced and annotated the genome of TUAT1 to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying its plant growth promotion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00076-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6533381PMC
May 2019

Conversion Surgery for Metastatic Pancreatic Mucinous Carcinoma Responsive to Systemic Chemotherapy with Modified FOLFIRINOX: A Case Report.

J Nippon Med Sch 2019 Dec 17;86(5):284-290. Epub 2019 May 17.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nippon Medical School.

We report a case of metastatic pancreatic-head mucinous carcinoma (with multiple lymph node and bone metastases) and review the relevant literature. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) was useful for diagnosis, and a satisfactory outcome was achieved after systemic chemotherapy with FOLFIRINOX followed by resection of the primary lesion as conversion surgery. The patient was a 55-year-old man. Hematological findings included elevated serum tumor marker levels: CEA 12.7 ng/mL, DUPAN-2 400 U/mL. Findings from several imaging modalities and EUS-FNA confirmed a clinicopathological diagnosis of metastatic pancreatic mucinous carcinoma with multiple bone and lymph node metastases. Five courses of modified FOIFIRINOX (m-FFX) were given as systemic chemotherapy, which had an antitumor effect. Subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy and extensive lymph-node dissection were thus performed. Histopathological analysis showed invasive ductal carcinoma, muc (pT3, pN1b, cM1). After surgery, the clinical course was notable for the absence of complications. Tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil (S-1) was started as maintenance adjuvant chemotherapy postoperatively, and no disease progression has been observed at 10 months after surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2019_86-502DOI Listing
December 2019

Effects of Thiosulfate as a Sulfur Source on Plant Growth, Metabolites Accumulation and Gene Expression in Arabidopsis and Rice.

Plant Cell Physiol 2019 Aug;60(8):1683-1701

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan.

Plants are considered to absorb sulfur from their roots in the form of sulfate. In bacteria like Escherichia coli, thiosulfate is a preferred sulfur source. It is converted into cysteine (Cys). This transformation consumes less NADPH and ATP than sulfate assimilation into Cys. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, thiosulfate promoted growth more than sulfate. In the present study, the availability of thiosulfate, the metabolite transformations and gene expressions it induces were investigated in Arabidopsis and rice as model dicots and monocots, respectively. In Arabidopsis, the thiosulfate-amended plants had lower biomass than those receiving sulfate when sulfur concentrations in the hydroponic medium were above 300 μM. In contrast, rice biomass was similar for plants raised on thiosulfate and sulfate at 300 μM sulfur. Therefore, both plants can use thiosulfate but it is a better sulfur source for rice. In both plants, thiosulfate levels significantly increased in roots following thiosulfate application, indicating that the plants absorbed thiosulfate into their root cells. Thiosulfate is metabolized in plants by a different pathway from that used for sulfate metabolism. Thiosulfate increases plant sulfide and cysteine persulfide levels which means that plants are in a more reduced state with thiosulfate than with sulfate. The microarray analysis of Arabidopsis roots revealed that 13 genes encoding Cys-rich proteins were upregulated more with thiosulfate than with sulfate. These results together with those of the widely targeted metabolomics analysis were used to proposes a thiosulfate assimilation pathway in plants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcz082DOI Listing
August 2019

Rare Case of Synchronous Cystic Duct Metastasis from Renal Cell Carcinoma.

J Nippon Med Sch 2019 Sep 26;86(4):242-247. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

Department of Surgery, Nippon Medical School.

Introduction: The common metastatic sites of renal cell cancer (RCC) are the lung, bone, liver, brain, adrenal glands, and contralateral kidney. Metastasis to the gallbladder is rare, and cystic duct metastasis from RCC has been reported in only one metachronous case. This is the first report of a case of synchronous cystic duct metastasis from RCC.

Case Report: A 72-year-old woman presenting with hematuria had a history of Cushing disease approximately 10 years previously. Enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen showed a mass measuring 5.8 × 3.0 cm in the left kidney, which was strongly enhanced in the early phase and washed out in the late phase. A mass measuring 2 cm in diameter was seen in the left adrenal gland, and a 1.0-cm mass was noted in the right adrenal gland. Multiple tiny masses were detected in the cystic duct. Left renal cell carcinoma, cystic duct metastasis, and bilateral adrenal gland metastases were diagnosed. Because the metastatic tumor was close to the common bile duct, we performed left nephrectomy, bilateral adrenalectomy, cholecystectomy, resection of the extrahepatic bile duct, and hepaticojejunostomy. Pathological findings showed that the renal tumor was clear cell carcinoma, as were the bilateral adrenal tumors and cystic duct tumor. The patient died 30 months after the operation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2018_86-405DOI Listing
September 2019

Successful surgical treatment for intrahepatic arterioportal fistula with severe portal hypertension: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 23;5(1):67. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Gastrointestinal Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8603, Japan.

Background: Intrahepatic arterioportal fistula (IAPF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension. Interventional radiology (IVR) is generally selected as the first-line therapeutic option. Surgical treatment for IAPF is required in refractory cases of IVR. As the treatment success rate with IVR is high, cases requiring surgical treatment are extremely rare.

Case Presentation: A 54-year-old man was admitted to another hospital complaining of hematemesis due to rupture of the esophageal varices. A computed tomography revealed ascites and arterioportal fistula in the left lobe of the liver. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed to occlude the fistula; however, it could not reach complete occlusion. Thereafter, there were a total of four hematemeses, and six endoscopic variceal ligations were required. The second TAE also failed to reach complete occlusion. He was transferred to our hospital for further treatment. Because liver function was low due to frequent hematemeses and there was also uncontrollable ascites, it was confirmed that hepatectomy could not be performed safely at this time. Therefore, we ligated the left portal branch and ligated and dissected the left gastric vein to decrease portal vein pressure. However, on the 5th day after surgery, the esophageal varices reruptured. As the disappearance of ascites was observed in the postoperative course and the general condition also improved, left hepatectomy was performed to remove IAPF. There was no recurrence of portal hypertension for 1 year and 3 months since hepatectomy.

Conclusions: This case was difficult to treat with IVR and required surgical treatment. Our experience in the present case suggests that hepatectomy to remove arterioportal fistula was considered effective for improving portal hypertension due to IAPF. However, careful treatment selection according to the patient's overall condition and clinical course is necessary for IAPF presenting with severe portal hypertension.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0623-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6478780PMC
April 2019

Intestinal Obstruction Caused by a Fruit Seed: A Rare Case Without Gastrointestinal Disease.

Cureus 2018 Dec 21;10(12):e3767. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Oncology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, JPN.

We report here a rare case of intestinal obstruction caused by a peach seed. A 15-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital because of abdominal pain and vomiting. The patient had no history of previous gastrointestinal surgery and his medical comorbidity was autism. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed an obstruction of the ileum by a foreign body. Surgical treatment was successfully performed, and we found a peach seed in the ileum. He was discharged eight days after the operation without postoperative complications. Intestinal obstruction caused by plant seeds without gastrointestinal disease is rare.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3767DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389031PMC
December 2018

Burkholderia and Paraburkholderia are Predominant Soybean Rhizobial Genera in Venezuelan Soils in Different Climatic and Topographical Regions.

Microbes Environ 2019 Mar 15;34(1):43-58. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT).

The climate, topography, fauna, and flora of Venezuela are highly diverse. However, limited information is currently available on the characterization of soybean rhizobia in Venezuela. To clarify the physiological and genetic diversities of soybean rhizobia in Venezuela, soybean root nodules were collected from 11 soil types located in different topographical regions. A total of 395 root nodules were collected and 120 isolates were obtained. All isolates were classified in terms of stress tolerance under different concentrations of NaCl and Al. The tolerance levels of isolates to NaCl and Al varied. Based on sampling origins and stress tolerance levels, 44 isolates were selected for further characterization. An inoculation test indicated that all isolates showed the capacity for root nodulation on soybean. Based on multilocus sequence typing (MLST), 20 isolates were classified into the genera Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium. The remaining 24 isolates were classified into the genus Burkholderia or Paraburkholderia. There is currently no evidence to demonstrate that the genera Burkholderia and Paraburkholderia are the predominant soybean rhizobia in agricultural fields. Of the 24 isolates classified in (Para) Burkholderia, the nodD-nodB intergenic spacer regions of 10 isolates and the nifH gene sequences of 17 isolates were closely related to the genera Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium, respectively. The root nodulation numbers of five (Para) Burkholderia isolates were higher than those of the 20 α-rhizobia. Furthermore, among the 44 isolates tested, one Paraburkholderia isolate exhibited the highest nitrogen-fixation activity in root nodules.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME18076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440732PMC
March 2019

Evaluation of Immune Responses Induced by Simultaneous Inoculations of Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) with Soil Bacteria and Rhizobia.

Microbes Environ 2019 Mar 5;34(1):64-75. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Institute of Agriculture, TUAT.

Legumes form root nodules and fix atmospheric nitrogen by establishing symbiosis with rhizobia. However, excessive root nodules are harmful to plants because of the resulting overconsumption of energy from photosynthates. The delay of an inoculation of the soybean super-nodulation mutant NOD1-3 with Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA110 by 5 d after an inoculation with several soil bacteria confirmed that one bacterial group significantly decreased root nodules throughout the study period. Moreover, no significant changes were observed in nitrogen fixation by root nodules between an inoculation with USDA 110 only and co-inoculation treatments. To clarify the potential involvement of PR proteins in the restriction of nodule formation in the plants tested, the relative expression levels of PR-1, PR-2, PR-5, and PDF1.2 in NOD1-3 roots were measured using real-time PCR. One group of soil bacteria (Gr.3), which markedly reduced nodule numbers, significantly induced the expression of PR-1, PR-5 and PDF1.2 genes by day 5 after the inoculation. By days 7, 10, and 20 after the inoculation, the expression levels of PR-2 and PR-5 were lower than those with the uninoculated treatment. Inoculations with this group of soil bacteria resulted in lower root nodule numbers than with other tested soil bacteria exerting weak inhibitory effects on nodulation, and were accompanied by the induction of plant defense-related genes. Thus, PR genes appear to play important roles in the mechanisms that suppresses nodule formation on soybean roots.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME18110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440728PMC
March 2019

Updated 5-year survival and exploratory T x N subset analyses of ACTS-CC trial: a randomised controlled trial of S-1 versus tegafur-uracil/leucovorin as adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer.

ESMO Open 2018 7;3(6):e000428. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1 for Colon Cancer (ACTS-CC), a randomised phase III trial, demonstrated that adjuvant therapy with S-1 for stage III colon cancer was non-inferior in 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) to that of tegafur-uracil plus leucovorin (UFT/LV). We updated DFS and overall survival (OS) and performed T x N subset analysis.

Methods: A total of 1518 patients with curatively resected stage III colon cancer were randomly assigned to receive S-1 (80-120  mg/day on days 1-28 every 42 days, four courses) or UFT/LV (UFT: 300-600  mg/day and LV: 75  mg/day on days 1-28 every 35 days, five courses).

Results: The 5-year DFS rates of the S-1 and UFT/LV group were 70.2 % and 66.9 %, respectively (HR 0.88; 95%  CI 0.74 to 1.06; p=0.177), and non-inferiority of DFS was reconfirmed with a median of 63.5-month follow-up. The similarity of OS was also confirmed (HR 0.92; 95%  CI 0.72 to 1.17; p=0.488); 5-year OS rates of the S-1 and UFT/LV group were 86.0 % and 84.4 %, respectively. No significant interactions were identified between the major baseline characteristics and DFS of the S-1 and UFT/LV groups, except for histological type; S-1 was more favourable in patients with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Patient outcomes were well separated by TNM-substages (IIIA/IIIB/IIIC). With the patients divided into 20 subsets by T and N factors, the DFS and OS rates of T3 and N1 subset, which accounted for 62 % of stage IIIB patients and 44 % of all studied subjects, were significantly better than those of the other subsets in stage IIIB and similar to those of stage IIIA.

Conclusions: Adjuvant therapy of S-1 for stage III colon cancer was reconfirmed to be non-inferior in DFS to those of UFT/LV after long follow-up. No difference in OS was also demonstrated. T3N1 patients might be considered separately from other patients included in stage IIIB because of its favourable outcome.

Trial Registration Number: NCT00660894.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/esmoopen-2018-000428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212676PMC
October 2018