Publications by authors named "Taís S Macedo"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Correlation between DNA/HSA-interactions and antimalarial activity of acridine derivatives: Proposing a possible mechanism of action.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2018 Dec 19;189:165-175. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Instituto de Química e Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Campus A.C. Simões, 57072-900 Maceió, AL, Brazil. Electronic address:

Acridines are considered an important class of compounds due to their wide variety of biological activities. In this work, we synthesized four acridine derivatives (1-4) and evaluated their biological activity against the Plasmodium falciparum W2 line, as well as studied the interaction with ctDNA and HSA using spectroscopic techniques and molecular docking. The acridine derivative 2 (IC = 0.90 ± 0.08 μM) was more effective against P. falciparum than primaquine (IC = 1.70 ± 0.10 μM) and similar to amsacrine (IC = 0.80 ± 0.10 μM). In the fluorescence and UV-vis assays, it was verified that the acridine derivatives interact with ctDNA and HSA leading to a non-fluorescent supramolecular complex formation. The non-covalent binding constants ranged from 2.09 to 7.76 × 10 M, indicating moderate interaction with ctDNA. Through experiments with KI, fluorescence contact energy transfer and competition assays were possible to characterize the main non-covalent binding mode of the acridines evaluated with ctDNA as intercalation. The binding constants obtained showed a high linear correlation with the IC values against the antimalarial activity, suggesting that DNA may be the main biological target of these molecules. Finally, HSA interaction studies were performed and all evaluated compounds bind to the site II of the protein. The less active compounds (1 and 3) presented the highest affinity to HSA, indicating that the interaction with carrier protein can affect the (bio)availability of these compounds to the biological target.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2018.10.016DOI Listing
December 2018

Platinum(ii)-chloroquine complexes are antimalarial agents against blood and liver stages by impairing mitochondrial function.

Metallomics 2017 11;9(11):1548-1561

FIOCRUZ, Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, CEP 40296-710, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Chloroquine is an antimalarial agent with strong activity against the blood stage of Plasmodium infection, but with low activity against the parasite's liver stage. In addition, the resistance to chloroquine limits its clinical use. The discovery of new molecules possessing multistage activity and overcoming drug resistance is needed. One possible strategy to achieve this lies in combining antimalarial quinolones with the pharmacological effects of transition metals. We investigated the antimalarial activity of four platinum(ii) complexes composed of chloroquine and phosphine ligands, denoted as WV-90, WV-92, WV-93 and WV-94. In comparison with chloroquine, the complexes were less potent against the chloroquine-sensitive 3D7 strain but they were as active as chloroquine in inhibiting the chloroquine-resistant W2 strain of P. falciparum. Regarding selectivity, the complexes WV-90 and WV-93 displayed higher indexes. Unlike chloroquine, the complexes act as irreversible parasiticidal agents against trophozoites and the WV-93 complex displayed activity against the hepatic stage of P. berghei. The in vivo suppression activity against P. berghei in the Peters 4 day test displayed by the complexes was similar to that of chloroquine. However, the efficacy in an established P. berghei infection in the Thompson test was superior for the WV-93 complex compared to chloroquine. The complexes' antimalarial mechanism of action is initiated by inhibiting the hemozoin formation. While chloroquine efficiently inhibits hemozoin, parasites treated with the platinum complexes display residual hemozoin crystals. This is explained since the interaction of the platinum complexes with ferriprotoporphyrin is weaker than that of chloroquine. However, the complexes caused a loss of mitochondrial integrity and subsequent reduction in mitochondrial activity, and their effects on mitochondria were more pronounced than those in the chloroquine-treated parasites. The dual effect of the platinum complexes may explain their activity against the hemozoin-lacking parasites (hepatic stage), where chloroquine has no activity. Our findings indicate that the platinum(ii)-chloroquine complexes are multifunctional antimalarial compounds and reinforce the importance of metal complexes in antimalarial drug discovery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c7mt00196gDOI Listing
November 2017

Chloroquine-containing organoruthenium complexes are fast-acting multistage antimalarial agents.

Parasitology 2016 10 21;143(12):1543-56. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

FIOCRUZ,Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz,40296-710,Salvador,BA,Brazil.

We report the pharmacological activity of organoruthenium complexes containing chloroquine (CQ) as a chelating ligand. The complexes displayed intraerythrocytic activity against CQ-sensitive 3D7 and CQ-resistant W2 strains of Plasmodium falciparum, with potency and selectivity indexes similar to those of CQ. Complexes displayed activity against all intraerythrocytic stages, but moderate activity against Plasmodium berghei liver stages. However, unlike CQ, organoruthenium complexes impaired gametocyte viability and exhibited fast parasiticidal activity against trophozoites for P. falciparum. This functional property results from the ability of complexes to quickly induce oxidative stress. The parasitaemia of P. berghei-infected mice was reduced by treatment with the complex. Our findings demonstrated that using chloroquine for the synthesis of organoruthenium complexes retains potency and selectivity while leading to an increase in the spectrum of action and parasite killing rate relative to CQ.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182016001153DOI Listing
October 2016

Evaluation of naphthoquinones identified the acetylated isolapachol as a potent and selective antiplasmodium agent.

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 2015 28;30(4):615-21. Epub 2014 Nov 28.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz , Salvador, BA , Brazil .

This study reports on the design, synthesis and antiparasitic activity of three new semi-synthetic naphthoquinones structurally related to the naturally-occurring lapachol and lapachone. Of the compounds tested, 3-(3-methylbut-1-en-1-yl)-1,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydronaphthalen-2-yl acetate (1) was the most active against Plasmodium falciparum among both natural and semi-synthetic naphthoquinones, showing potent and selective activity. Compound 1 was able to reduce the in vitro parasite burden, in vitro parasite cell cycle, as well as the blood parasitemia in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. More importantly, infection reduction under compound 1-treatment was achieved without exhibiting mouse genotoxicity. Regarding the molecular mechanism of action, this compound inhibited the hemozoin crystal formation in P. falciparum treated cells, and this was further confirmed by observing that it inhibits the β-hematin polymerization process similarly to chloroquine. Interestingly, this compound did not affect either mitochondria structure or cause DNA fragmentation in parasite treated cells. In conclusion, we identified a semi-synthetic antimalarial naphthoquinone closely related to isolapachol, which had stronger antimalarial activity than lapachol.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14756366.2014.958083DOI Listing
April 2016

Antiparasitic activities of novel ruthenium/lapachol complexes.

J Inorg Biochem 2014 Jul 27;136:33-9. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, CP 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos (SP), Brazil. Electronic address:

The present study describes the synthesis, characterization, antileishmanial and antiplasmodial activities of novel diimine/(2,2'-bipyridine (bipy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 4,4'-methylbipyridine (Me-bipy) and 4,4'-methoxybipyridine (MeO-bipy)/phosphine/ruthenium(II) complexes containing lapachol (Lap, 2-hydroxy-3-(3-33 methyl-2-buthenyl)-1,4-naphthoquinone) as bidentate ligand. The [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(bipy)]PF6 (1), [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(Me-bipy)]PF6 (2), [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(MeO-bipy)]PF6(3) and[Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(phen)]PF6 (4) complexes, PPh3=triphenylphospine, were synthesized from the reactions of cis-[RuCl2(PPh3)2(X-bipy)] or cis-[RuCl2(PPh3)2(phen)], with lapachol. The [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)] (5) [dppb=1,4-bis(diphenylphosphine)butane] was synthesized from the mer-[RuCl3(dppb)(H2O)] complex. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, infrared and UV-vis spectroscopy, (31)P{(1)H} and (1)H NMR, and cyclic voltammetry. The Ru(III) complex, [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)], was also characterized by the EPR technique. The structure of the complexes [Ru(Lap)(PPh3)2(bipy)]PF6 and [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)] was elucidated by X-ray diffraction. The evaluation of the antiparasitic activities of the complexes against Leishmania amazonensis and Plasmodium falciparum demonstrated that lapachol-ruthenium complexes are more potent than the free lapachol. The [RuCl2(Lap)(dppb)] complex is the most potent and selective antiparasitic compound among the five new ruthenium complexes studied in this work, exhibiting an activity comparable to the reference drugs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2014.03.009DOI Listing
July 2014
-->