Publications by authors named "T R TenHave"

79 Publications

Lifestyle Modification in Blood Pressure Study II (LIMBS): study protocol of a randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of a 24 week structured yoga program versus lifestyle modification on blood pressure reduction.

Contemp Clin Trials 2013 Sep 27;36(1):32-40. Epub 2013 May 27.

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Department of Medicine, Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Philadelphia, PA 190104, USA.

Hypertension is a major public health issue affecting 68 million adults in the United States. Lifestyle modifications including complementary therapies such as the movement based mind body practice of yoga have become increasingly popular in the United States and have been considered as a potential alternative to medication in blood pressure reduction. We completed a pilot study in 2009 which showed meaningful decreases in 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure readings after a 12 week period of yoga participation. Based on data from our pilot study we are now completing The Lifestyle Modification and Blood Pressure Study (LIMBS II) which is a phase 2 randomized controlled trial designed to determine the effects of yoga therapy and enhanced lifestyle modification on lowering blood pressure in pre-hypertensive and stage 1 hypertensive subjects. Using 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, LIMBS II aims to compare the effects on blood pressure reduction in subjects randomized for 24 weeks to one of the three following groups: yoga therapy versus blood pressure education program (sodium restriction and walking program) versus a combination program that involves components of both groups. LIMBS II will also examine the impact that changes in blood pressure have on cerebral blood flow. If successful, the LIMBS study will determine if yoga therapy combined with enhanced lifestyle modification will result in clinically meaningful decreases in blood pressure and thus can be implemented as an alternative to drug therapy for patients with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2013.05.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4593488PMC
September 2013

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are associated with elevated standardized mortality ratios: a meta-analysis.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2013 Mar;19(3):599-613

Division of Gastroenterology and Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Evidence regarding all-cause and cause-specific mortality in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is conflicting, and debate exists over appropriate study design to examine these important outcomes. We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in both Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), and additionally examined various effects of study design on this outcome.

Methods: A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE was conducted to identify studies examining mortality rates relative to the general population. Pooled summary standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated using random effect models.

Results: Overall, 35 original articles fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria, reporting all-cause mortality SMRs varying from 0.44 to 7.14 for UC and 0.71 to 3.20 for CD. The all-cause mortality summary SMR for inception cohort and population cohort UC studies was 1.19 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.35). The all-cause mortality summary SMR for inception cohort and population cohort CD studies was 1.38 (95% confidence interval, 1.23-1.55). Mortality from colorectal cancer, pulmonary disease, and nonalcoholic liver disease was increased, whereas mortality from cardiovascular disease was decreased.

Conclusions: Patients with UC and CD have higher rates of death from all causes, colorectal-cancer, pulmonary disease, and nonalcoholic liver disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MIB.0b013e31827f27aeDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3755276PMC
March 2013

Methods for linking community views to measureable outcomes in a youth violence prevention program.

Prog Community Health Partnersh 2012 ;6(4):499-506

Philadelphia Collaborative Violence Prevention Center.

Background: All parties in community-academic partnerships have a vested interest prevention program success. Markers of success that reflect community's experiences of programmatic prevention success are not always measurable, but critically speak to community-defined needs.

Objective: The purpose of this manuscript was to (1) describe our systematic process for linking locally relevant community views (community-defined indicators) to measurable outcomes in the context of a youth violence prevention program and (2) discuss lessons learned, next steps, and recommendations for others trying to replicate a similar process.

Methods: A research team composed of both academic and community researchers conducted a systematic process of matching community-defined indicators of youth violence prevention programmatic success to standardized youth survey items being administered in the course of a program evaluation. The research team of three community partners and five academic partners considered 43 community-defined indicators and 208 items from the youth surveys being utilized within the context of a community-based aggression prevention program. At the end of the matching process, 92 youth survey items were identified and agreed upon as potential matches to 11 of the community-defined indicators.

Conclusions: We applied rigorous action steps to match community-defined indicators to survey data collected in the youth violence prevention intervention. We learned important lessons that inform recommendations for others interested in such endeavors. The process used to derive and assess community-defined indicators of success emphasized the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and use of existing and available data to reduce participant burden.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/cpr.2012.0062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3575681PMC
February 2013

The impact of 24-hr, in-hospital pediatric critical care attending physician presence on process of care and patient outcomes*.

Crit Care Med 2012 Jul;40(7):2190-5

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Objective: Attending physicians are only required to provide in-hospital coverage during daytime hours in many pediatric intensive care units. An in-hospital 24-hr pediatric intensive care unit attending coverage model has been increasingly popular, but the impact of 24-hr, in-hospital attending coverage on care processes and outcomes has not been reported. We compared processes of care and outcomes before and after the implementation of a 24-hr in-hospital pediatric intensive care unit attending physician model.

Design: Retrospective comparison of before and after cohorts.

Setting: A single large, academic tertiary medical/surgical pediatric intensive care unit.

Patients: : Pediatric intensive care unit admissions in 2000-2006.

Intervention: Transition to 24-hr from 12-hr in-hospital pediatric critical care attending physician coverage model in January 2004.

Measurements And Main Results: A total of 18,702 patients were admitted to intensive care unit: 8,520 in 24 hrs; 10,182 in 12 hrs. Duration of mechanical ventilation was lower (median 33 hrs [interquartile range 12-88] vs. 48 hrs [interquartile range 16-133], adjusted reduction of 35% [95% confidence interval 25%-44%], p < .001) and intensive care unit length of stay was shorter (median 2 days [interquartile range 1-4] vs. 2 days [interquartile range 1-5], adjusted p < .001) for 24 hr vs. 12 hr coverage. The reduction in mechanical ventilation hours was similar when noninvasive, mechanical ventilation was included in ventilation hours (median 42 hrs vs. 56 hrs, adjusted reduction in ventilation hours: 33% [95% confidence interval 20-45], p < .001). Intensive care unit mortality was not significantly different (2.2% vs. 2.5%, adjusted p =.23). These associations were consistent across daytime and nighttime admissions, weekend and weekday admissions, and among subgroups with higher Pediatric Risk of Mortality III scores, postsurgical patients, and histories of previous intensive care unit admission.

Conclusions: Implementation of 24-hr in-hospital pediatric critical care attending coverage was associated with shorter duration of mechanical ventilation and shorter length of intensive care unit stay. After accounting for potential confounders, this finding was consistent across a broad spectrum of critically ill children.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e31824e1cdaDOI Listing
July 2012

Effect of rotavirus vaccine on reducing acute gastroenteritis in a large outpatient pediatric network.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2012 Mar;166(3):232-9

Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Objectives: To measure the effect of rotavirus vaccine (RVV) on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) managed by primary care physicians in the first 2 rotatvirus seasons following the introduction of RVV.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Practice-based network composed of 33 ambulatory pediatric practices in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Participants: All children born from February 22, 2006 (date of RVV licensure), through February 29, 2008, and who received care at any network site.

Main Exposure: Receipt of RVV.

Outcome Measures: The primary outcomes were AGE-related office visits, telephone calls, and episodes (composite outcome consisting of all visits and calls within a 10-day period).

Results: Rates of AGE visits in the 2 rotavirus seasons following the introduction of RVV steadily decreased from 3.0 AGE visits per 100 total office visits in the 2005 season to 1.8 in the 2008 season. In 2007, vaccinations were administered to 9351 of 13 951 vaccine-eligible children (67.0%), and in 2008, they were administered to 9958 of 10 728 (92.8%). Among RVV-immunized children in 2007, AGE calls and episodes were significantly reduced with vaccine effectiveness of 53% and 46%, respectively. No significant difference was seen between RVV-immunized and RVV-nonimmunized children for any outcome in 2008.

Conclusions: Rotavirus vaccine was associated with a significant reduction in outpatient AGE calls and episodes among immunized children in our network in 2007. Despite a reduction in winter AGE rates in the network, no difference was detected between RVV-immunized and RVV-nonimmunized children for any outcome in 2008. Further study is needed to understand the lack of vaccine effect in 2008.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.628DOI Listing
March 2012
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