Publications by authors named "T Muzashvili"

23 Publications

HISTOPATHOLOGICAL, PROLIFERATIVE, APOPTOTIC AND HORMONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LEIOMYOMAS.

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):119-125

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Uterine leiomyomas decrease the quality of life by causing significant morbidity among women of reproductive age. Histologically various types of leiomyoma's can be differentiated. We have analysed the histopathological, proliferation, apoptotic and hormonal profile in different types of leiomyomas. Study included altogether 140 cases distributed into following groups: group I - normal myometrium (20 cases), group II-classic leiomyoma (69 cases), group III-cellular leiomyoma (15 cases), group IV - bizarre cell/atypical leiomyoma (22 cases), group V - smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignancy potential (STUMP) (8 cases) and group VI - leiomyosarcoma (6 cases). Together with classic histopathological features such as nuclear atypia, cellularity, presence of mitoses, vasculature and necrosis, immunohistochemical phenotype using antibodies against Ki67, Cas3, ER and PR were analysed. The results of our study showed that leiomyomas are characterised with variable histopathological and immunohistochemical phenotype. Especially, two entities, bizzare/atypical leiomyoma and STUMP, which can be divided into two subgroups according to the presence of the degree of atypia and the expression of proliferation, apoptosis and hormonal markers, which might be the explanation of their different prognosis. Presented histopathological and immunohistochemical features should be considered in the diagnosis of myometrial smooth muscle tumors.
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March 2021

DISTRIBUTION OF STEM CELLS IN DIFFERENT THYROID LESIONS IN PATIENTS OF REPRODUCTIVE, MENOPAUSAL AND POST-MENOPAUSAL AGE.

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):92-99

Tbilisi State Medical University.

Different studies indicate that cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in the progression and therapy resistance in different cancer types. The aim of our study was to analyse the distribution of CSCs in different thyroid lesions, in reproductive, menopausal and post-menopausal women. Study included altogether 200 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue material, with the diagnosis of NIFTP, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and PTC and Hashimoto's thyroiditis co-occurred cases. Normal thyroid gland was used as a control tissue. Stem cell marker - CD44, as well as other markers including Ki67, BCL2, CK19, CD56, ER were investigated with standard immunohistochemical procedure. The results of our study indicated that CD44 stem cell marker, as well as proliferation marker Ki67 is significantly upregulated in PTC cases in all age groups. However, the expression of CD44 and Ki67 is significantly higher in reproductive age patients, compared to patients in menopause and post-menopause. In addition, the expression of CD44 and Ki67 is significantly higher in PTC and Hashimoto's thyroiditis co-occurred cases, compared to cases with PTC only.
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March 2021

LOSS OF CAS3 AND INCREASE OF BAX EXPRESSION ASSOCIATED WITH PROGRESSION OF CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA.

Georgian Med News 2021 Feb(311):147-151

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Apoptosis plays one of the major roles in the progression of human cancers including cervical carcinoma. The aim of our study was to analyse the expression of Cas3, Bax and their correlation with the proliferation index and ER expression status during the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Study included altogether 140 specimens, divided into two major groups, such as: cervical lesions without co-infections and with co-infections. Standard immunohistochemistry was used to detect antigens: Ki67, Cas3, Bax and ER. The study results showed that the expression of Cas3 is significantly decreased whilst the expression of Bax is significantly increased during the progression of CIN in both groups with and without co-infections. The expression of Bax negatively correlates with the expression of Cas3 (r=-42.4, p<0.05) and ER (r=-33.4, p<0.05) and positively correlates with the expression of proliferation marker Ki67 (r=56.3, p<0.05). The results indicate that the deregulated apoptosis measured as increased expression of Bax and Cas3 loss, as well as the increase in proliferation index measured as Ki67 expression is significantly related to the progression of CIN into cervical carcinoma. Therefore, the measuring of mentioned protein expression could be used as the markers of the CIN progression.
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February 2021

STEM CELL INDEX IN THE PROGRESSION OF CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA.

Georgian Med News 2021 Jan(310):157-164

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Stem cells represent the small subpopulation of healthy and cancerous tissues, which are characterised with increased proliferation and self-renewal properties. From the many different markers of stem cells, we have investigated the stem cell index during the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), based on the immunohistochemical expression of CD44 in total of 140 tissue samples from uterine cervix. In addition, we have performed the profound correlation analysis of CD44 with different epithelial-mesenchymal, proliferation, apoptosis and hormonal markers at both protein and mRNA level. The results of our study indicated that, stem cell index based on the CD44 detection is significantly increased with the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. In addition, CD44 expression significantly correlates with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, proliferation-apoptotic features and ER status in both protein and mRNA level. Two, groups of cervical intraepithelial lesions as well as carcinoma can be identified based on the expression of CD44, Ki67, Cas3 and ER. To the best of our knowledge we are first to demonstrate such findings in CIN and cervical carcinoma and identified characteristics could be used for the early assessment of CIN patient prognosis and for the relevant clinical management.
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January 2021

PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERISTICS OF RELAPSED LEIOMYOMA AND SMOOTH MUSCLE TUMORS OF UNCERTAIN MALIGNANCY POTENTIAL IN REPRODUCTIVE WOMEN.

Georgian Med News 2021 Jan(310):150-156

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Uterine leiomyoma represents the most common pelvic tumor in females, including numerous histological subtypes, from which smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignancy potential (STUMP) represents the diagnostic challenge. On the other hand, the study of the relapse risk markers after laparoscopic myomectomy is of high interest. We investigated the molecular phenotype of different types of leiomyoma after hysterectomy or laparoscopic surgery in reproductive and menopausal women. Standard immunohistochemistry was used to detect proliferation markers Ki67 and cyclin D1, apoptotic markers Bcl2 and Cas3, and ER and PR. The results of our study indicated that ER expression is significantly higher in relapsed leiomyoma, compared to control group. In addition, relapsed leiomyomas are characterised with high proliferation and apoptotic index. With regard to STUMP despite histological homogeneity, this entity is characterised with the presence of three distinct molecular subtypes, based on proliferation and apoptotic marker expression, which should be used as diagnostic aid in these tumors.
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January 2021
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