Publications by authors named "T Kiknadze"

3 Publications

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HISTOPATHOLOGICAL, PROLIFERATIVE, APOPTOTIC AND HORMONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LEIOMYOMAS.

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):119-125

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Uterine leiomyomas decrease the quality of life by causing significant morbidity among women of reproductive age. Histologically various types of leiomyoma's can be differentiated. We have analysed the histopathological, proliferation, apoptotic and hormonal profile in different types of leiomyomas. Study included altogether 140 cases distributed into following groups: group I - normal myometrium (20 cases), group II-classic leiomyoma (69 cases), group III-cellular leiomyoma (15 cases), group IV - bizarre cell/atypical leiomyoma (22 cases), group V - smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignancy potential (STUMP) (8 cases) and group VI - leiomyosarcoma (6 cases). Together with classic histopathological features such as nuclear atypia, cellularity, presence of mitoses, vasculature and necrosis, immunohistochemical phenotype using antibodies against Ki67, Cas3, ER and PR were analysed. The results of our study showed that leiomyomas are characterised with variable histopathological and immunohistochemical phenotype. Especially, two entities, bizzare/atypical leiomyoma and STUMP, which can be divided into two subgroups according to the presence of the degree of atypia and the expression of proliferation, apoptosis and hormonal markers, which might be the explanation of their different prognosis. Presented histopathological and immunohistochemical features should be considered in the diagnosis of myometrial smooth muscle tumors.
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March 2021

PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERISTICS OF RELAPSED LEIOMYOMA AND SMOOTH MUSCLE TUMORS OF UNCERTAIN MALIGNANCY POTENTIAL IN REPRODUCTIVE WOMEN.

Georgian Med News 2021 Jan(310):150-156

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Uterine leiomyoma represents the most common pelvic tumor in females, including numerous histological subtypes, from which smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignancy potential (STUMP) represents the diagnostic challenge. On the other hand, the study of the relapse risk markers after laparoscopic myomectomy is of high interest. We investigated the molecular phenotype of different types of leiomyoma after hysterectomy or laparoscopic surgery in reproductive and menopausal women. Standard immunohistochemistry was used to detect proliferation markers Ki67 and cyclin D1, apoptotic markers Bcl2 and Cas3, and ER and PR. The results of our study indicated that ER expression is significantly higher in relapsed leiomyoma, compared to control group. In addition, relapsed leiomyomas are characterised with high proliferation and apoptotic index. With regard to STUMP despite histological homogeneity, this entity is characterised with the presence of three distinct molecular subtypes, based on proliferation and apoptotic marker expression, which should be used as diagnostic aid in these tumors.
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January 2021