Publications by authors named "T Javakhishvili"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

DISTRIBUTION AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DUCTAL INVASIVE BREAST CARCINOMA SUBTYPES IN GEORGIAN POPULATION.

Georgian Med News 2018 Oct(283):129-133

David Tvildiani Medical University; Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, A. Natishvili Institute of Morphology; Pathology Research Center; Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

The analysis of prevalence of each specific subtypes of the ductal invasive breast carcinoma according to age group categories showed that Luminal A subtype is observed in every age group as dominant subtype, although in different intensity: two peaks were demonstrated in group III and group IV, and in relatively less amount, in V group as well. Its considerable that Her2(+)/ER subtype was second most prevalent subtype in almost all age groups. It also must be noted that there was no direct correlation found between pre- or post-menopausal period and HER2+ state, except for group IV (60-69 year old range), where it was almost 2 times less frequently found than Basal-like subtype. The frequency of Her2(+)/ER tumor subtype was identical to Luminal A subtype frequency. In age group I (30-39 year old) and all others its frequency was found to be markedly decreasing along with the frequency of Luminal A subtype (if in age group I their frequency was 1.2, in the age group IV it accounted for 9.4, which means that Her2(+)/ER subtype prevalence decreases with increasing age until the age group V (70-79 year old), after which it increases again (age group V and VI demonstrated the frequency of 2.0 and 5.0 respectively). Basal-like tumor was not found in age groups I and VI, and its frequency was gradually increasing except for age group II, where it was approximately 1.5 less frequent than in other age group categories. Triple-negative subtype was not found in age groups I and VI, however, its frequency was gradually increasing with increasing age. The prevalence of triple-negative tumor in age group V was 4.5 times higher than in age group II. The frequency of Luminal B subtype tumor was almost 2 times decreased in age group III, while in age group V it was almost 3 times increased. However, it disappeared in age group VI completely. Consideration of the age-related specificities of ductal invasive breast carcinoma subtypes (phenotypes) is important both for diagnostic aspect and treatment strategy selection, as well as adequate planning of breast cancer screening programs. Thus, in all age groups of the studied population, IIIA and B stages of tumor were identified, with tumor sizes ranging between 2.8-4.7mm. There was no stable direct correlation between breast cancer and family history, as the presence of such data requires additional research with more focus on anamnesis details.
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October 2018

MOLECULAR BASIS OF EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR AND CYCLIN E EXPRESSION INTERDEPENDENCE IN BASAL-LIKE SUBTYPE OF INVASIVE BREAST CARCINOMA.

Georgian Med News 2018 Mar(276):101-107

David Tvildiani Medical University; Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, A. Natishvili Institute of Morphology; Pathology Research Center; Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia.

Aim of the study was the simultaneous assessment of EGFR and Cyclin E in "basal-like" carcinoma group, in order to establish their interactivity in the aspect of the age and grade of the tumor, taking into account the common parallel HER2+ samples. The study involved postoperative and/or biopsy material (paraffin blocks) of 237 patients from archived data, who were operated due to breast cancer (National Cancer Center of Tbilisi, 2008-2012 years). In TNBC group and "basal-like" tumor subgroup expression of ESFR, Cyclin E and Cytokeratins 5/6 and 17 were shown advanced activity of processes and high dependence to patients age. Taking into account all above mentioned, the immunohistochemical profile of "basal-like" type of breast cancer is defined mostly by sensitivity to cytokeratins CK5,6/17 and EGFR. In addition, the defected synthesis and activity of the latter, which is actually observed in "basal-like" carcinoma, leads to increased malignancy grade and mitotic activity, which creates the phenotypic and group characteristics for this type of carcinomas overall.
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March 2018

Mucocele of the appendix: case report and review of literature.

Int Surg 2012 Jul-Sep;97(3):266-9

Department of Surgery, Tbilisi State Medical University and Kipshidze Central University Hospital, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Appendiceal mucocele is a rare disease. Sometimes it is discovered accidentally and sometimes it resembles acute appendicitis. Correct diagnosis before surgery is very important for the selection of adequate surgical treatment to avoid intraoperative and postoperative complications. Ultrasonography, and particularly computed tomography, should be used extensively for this purpose. If mucocele is treated incorrectly pseudomyxoma peritonei, which is characterized by malignant process, may develop. We present a case of a 54-year-old man who was admitted to the emergency department with the signs of acute appendicitis. Open surgery was performed. At the time of surgery, a cystic mass of the appendix with dimensions 7 × 4 ×3 cm, with inflamed walls, but without perforation was discovered in the right iliac fossa. No discharge was found in the peritoneal cavity. Diagnosis of mucocele was suspected. Only appendectomy was performed because no pathologic process was found in the base of the appendix and lymph nodes were not increased in size. Hystopathologic diagnosis was mucinous cystadenoma. After 2 years, the patient is feeling well.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.9738/CC139.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3723229PMC
February 2014
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