Publications by authors named "Sylwia Szabłowska-Siwik"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Emphysema affects the number and characteristics of solitary pulmonary nodules. Authors' reply.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2020 03 27;130(3):261-262. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20452/pamw.15264DOI Listing
March 2020

Emphysema affects the number and characteristics of solitary pulmonary nodules identified by chest low-dose computed tomography. A study on screenees with high-risk lung cancer recruited in Upper Silesia.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2020 01 25;130(1):17-24. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Chest low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) has recently been proved effective in lung cancer screening.

Objectives: We aimed to assess the association between the occurrence of emphysema and solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) in first‑round screening with LDCT.

Patients And Methods: A total of 601 asymptomatic volunteers with a smoking history underwent LDCT; 523 patients were assigned to one of the following groups: E, emphysema without nodules (n = 103); E + N, emphysema with coexisting nodules (n = 96); N, nodules without emphysema (n = 142); and NENN, no nodules and no emphysema (n = 182). The effect of emphysema and demographic factors on the profile of SPNs was assessed.

Results: Patients in the E + N group were older than those in the N group (median age, 65 vs 63 years; P = 0.001) and they smoked more (median pack‑years, 37.8 vs 32; P = 0.01). Emphysema was detected in 199 of the 523 patients (38%), while nodules, in 238 (45.5%). The number of nodules in the E + N group was 390 (4.1 nodules per patient), and in the N group, 540 (3.8 nodules per patient). Multiple SPNs, of different size and morphology, constituted 93.3% of the nodules in the E + N group. Seven cases of cancer were detected among 238 patients with nodules, and their distribution was similar in the groups with and without emphysema (4.2 per 100 patients in the E + N group and 2.1 per 100 in the N group; P = 0.44).

Conclusions: Emphysema was more frequently associated with multiple SPNs of different morphology among elderly patients with a higher number of smoking pack‑years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.20452/pamw.14985DOI Listing
January 2020

Brain Metastasis Prediction by Transcriptomic Profiling in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

Clin Breast Cancer 2017 Apr 8;17(2):e65-e75. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

Department of Pathology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) lacks expression of steroid hormone receptors (estrogen receptor α and progesterone) and epidermal growth factor receptor type 2. This phenotype shows high metastatic potential, with particular predilection to lungs and brain. Determination of TNBC transcriptomic profiles associated with high risk of brain metastasis (BM) might identify patients requiring alternative, more aggressive, or specific preventive and therapeutic approaches.

Patients And Methods: Using a cDNA-mediated annealing, selection, extension, and ligation assay, we investigated expression of 29,369 gene transcripts in primary TNBC tumor samples from 119 patients-71 in discovery cohort A and 48 in independent cohort B-that included best discriminating genes. Expression of mRNA was correlated with the occurrence of symptomatic BM.

Results: In cohort A, the difference at the noncorrected P < .005 was found for 64 transcripts (P = .23 for global test), but none showed significant difference at a preset level of false-discovery rate of < 10%. Of the 30 transcripts with the largest differences between patients with and without BM in cohort A, none was significantly associated with BM in cohort B.

Conclusion: Analysis based on the primary tumor gene transcripts alone is unlikely to predict BM development in advanced TNBC. Despite its negative findings, the study adds to the knowledge on the biology of TNBC and paves the way for future projects using more advanced molecular assays.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2016.08.008DOI Listing
April 2017

Risk factors assessment and risk prediction models in lung cancer screening candidates.

Ann Transl Med 2016 Apr;4(8):151

1 The Chair and Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Professor S. Szyszko Teaching Hospital No. 1, Zabrze, Poland ; 2 Department of Clinical Oncology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

From February 2015, low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening entered the armamentarium of diagnostic tools broadly available to individuals at high-risk of developing lung cancer. While a huge number of pulmonary nodules are identified, only a small fraction turns out to be early lung cancers. The majority of them constitute a variety of benign lesions. Although it entails a burden of the diagnostic work-up, the undisputable benefit emerges from: (I) lung cancer diagnosis at earlier stages (stage shift); (II) additional findings enabling the implementation of a preventive action beyond the realm of thoracic oncology. This review presents how to utilize the risk factors from distinct categories such as epidemiology, radiology and biomarkers to target the fraction of population, which may benefit most from the introduced screening modality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2016.04.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4860482PMC
April 2016

Assessment of the safety and efficiency of sunitinib malate in metastatic neuroendocrine tumours of the pancreas (NEN G1/G2) depending on the number and type of earlier therapeutic lines - initial report.

Endokrynol Pol 2014 ;65(6):472-8

Division of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Department of Clinical Oncology, Silesian Medical University, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: The objective of this paper was to assess the safety and efficacy of sunitinib malate in patients with well-differentiated metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) who relapsed on standard therapy.

Material And Methods: Overall, eight patients with well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours/neoplasm (NET/NEN G1/G2, Ki-67 < 20%), who had relapsed on a standard therapy approach, were treated. All had non-resectable, progressive disease. All received therapy using a standard dose of sunitinib malate. Adverse events were evaluated using NCI-CTC AE v. 3.0.

Results: Of the eight patients, seven had non-secretor and single secretor tumour (gastrinoma). Partial remission (PR) was noted in three patients (one after a single therapeutic line, two after two lines), five patients had stabilisation (SD) - including three individuals after three lines, one patient after two lines and another after a single line. Haematological adverse events: leukopenia (25%) - occurred in one patient after three lines and in one patient after two lines; anaemia (25%) - in one patient after three lines and in one patient after one therapeutic line. Mucocutaneous lesions were noted in 37.5% of patients after 2-3 lines of treatment. All of them experienced fatigue syndrome irrespective of the number of therapies. The majority of the patients simultaneously received somatostatin analogues, which did not exacerbate the toxicity profile. The median progression-free survival time (PFS) was 11 months.

Conclusions: Sunitinib may be considered as a fairly well-tolerated and effective therapeutic option in progressive non-resectable PNEN patients in the second and subsequent lines of treatment, irrespective of the types of treatment previously applied.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.2014.0066DOI Listing
December 2016