Publications by authors named "Sylvie Baltora-Rosset"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Determination of maternal and foetal distribution of cis- and trans-permethrin isomers and their metabolites in pregnant rats by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).

Anal Bioanal Chem 2019 Dec 20;411(30):8043-8052. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Institut National de l'Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), Unité Modèles pour l'Ecotoxicologie et la Toxicologie (METO), Parc ALATA BP2, 60550, Verneuil-en-Halatte, France.

We developed a method to quantify cis-permethrin and trans-permethrin and their metabolites in several biological matrices in pregnant rats and foetuses using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The objective was to quantify cis-permethrin and trans-permethrin in faeces, kidney, mammary gland, fat and placenta in mothers and in both maternal and foetal blood, brain and liver. The metabolites cis-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethyl-(1-cyclopropane) carboxylic acid (cis-DCCA), trans-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethyl-(1-cyclopropane) carboxylic acid (trans-DCCA) and 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) were measured in blood, liver and urine. Sample preparation was performed by liquid-liquid extraction. A purification step was not carried out except for the more complex biological samples (fat, mammary glands and faeces). Validation parameters including specificity, linearity, matrix effect, limits of quantification (LOQs), accuracy and precision were evaluated. The recoveries of target compounds ranged from 47 to 136%. LOQs were in the range 4 to 80 ng/mL for permethrin isomers and 4 to 800 ng/mL for their respective metabolites. Intra- and inter-batch precision and accuracy in matrix were better than 15%. The validated method was applied in a preliminary toxicokinetic study in pregnant rats with oral dosing of 50 mg/kg permethrin. In pregnant rats, permethrin isomers and their metabolites were quantified in all requested matrices except maternal liver and blood for trans-permethrin and cis-DCCA respectively. In foetuses, cis- and trans-permethrin were also quantified, demonstrating that the method is suitable for the analysis of foetal distribution of permethrin in toxicokinetic studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-019-02157-7DOI Listing
December 2019

5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid from Solanum somalense leaves: advantage of centrifugal partition chromatography over conventional column chromatography.

J Sep Sci 2014 Sep 24;37(17):2331-9. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

EDYSAN FRE 3498 CNRS-Université de Picardie Jules Verne, UFR de Pharmacie, Amiens Cedex, France; Centre de Recherche, Université de Djibouti, Avenue Georges Clémenceau, Djibouti.

Solanum somalense leaves, used in Djibouti for their medicinal properties, were extracted by MeOH. Because of the high polyphenol and flavonoid contents of the extract, respectively, determined at 80.80 ± 2.13 mg gallic acid equivalent/g dry weight and 24.4 ± 1.01 mg quercetin equivalent/g dry weight, the isolation and purification of the main polyphenols were carried out by silica gel column chromatography and centrifugal partition chromatography. Column chromatography led to 11 enriched fractions requiring further purification, while centrifugal partition chromatography allowed the easy recovery of the main compound of the extract. In a solvent system composed of CHCl3/MeOH/H2O (9.5:10:5), 21.8 mg of this compound at 97% purity was obtained leading to a yield of 2.63%. Its structure was established as 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. This work shows that S. somalense leaves contain very high level of 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid (0.74% dry weight), making it a potential source of production of this secondary metabolite that is not commonly found in nature but could be partly responsible of the medicinal properties of S. somalense leaves.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201400226DOI Listing
September 2014

Solanidine isolation from Solanum tuberosum by centrifugal partition chromatography.

J Sep Sci 2013 Jul;36(14):2379-85

S.I.P.R.E-Comité Nord, rue des champs Potez, Achicourt, France.

The aim of this investigation was the preparative isolation of solanidine (aglycone of the two main potato glycoalkaloids: α-chaconine and α-solanine) from fresh Solanum tuberosum (cv. Pompadour) material by implementing a new preparation scheme using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC). A setup for obtaining solanidine by hydrolysis of the glycoalkaloids found in the skin and sprouts of S. tuberosum was first developed. Then its isolation was carried out by the development of CPC conditions: the solvent system used for separation was ethyl acetate/butanol/water in the ratio 42.5:7.5:50 v/v/v, 0.6 g of crude extract were separated with a 8 mL/min flow rate of mobile phase while rotating at 2500 rpm. A run yielded 98 mg of solanidine (86.7% recovery from the crude extract) in a one-step separation. The purity of the isolated solanidine was over 98%. Thus, CPC has proven to be the method of choice to get solanidine of very high purity from S. tuberosum biomass in large quantities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201300188DOI Listing
July 2013

Preparative separation of glycoalkaloids α-solanine and α-chaconine by centrifugal partition chromatography.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2012 Nov 20;908:150-4. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

S.I.P.R.E - Comité Nord, rue des champs Potez, 62217 Achicourt, France.

The main glycoalkaloids of a commercial potato cultivar, α-chaconine and α-solanine, were extracted from sprouts of Solanum tuberosum cv. Pompadour by a mixture of MeOH/H(2)O/CH(3)COOH (400/100/50, v/v/v). In these conditions, 2.8±0.62g of crude extract were obtained from 50g of fresh sprouts and the total glycoalkaloid content was determined by analytical HPLC at 216.5mg/100g. α-Chaconine and α-solanine were separated in a preparative scale using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC). In a solvent system composed of a mixture of ethyl acetate/butanol/water (15/35/50, v/v/v), α-chaconine (54mg) and α-solanine (15mg) were successfully isolated from the crude extract in one step of purification. The purity of isolated compounds was determined to be higher than 92% by HPLC analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2012.09.025DOI Listing
November 2012

Development of antibodies against secoisolariciresinol--application to the immunolocalization of lignans in Linum usitatissimum seeds.

Phytochemistry 2010 Dec 1;71(17-18):1979-87. Epub 2010 Oct 1.

Université de Picardie Jules Verne, EA3900-BioPI Biologie des Plantes et contrôle des Insectes ravageurs, Faculté de Pharmacie, 1 rue des Louvels, 80037 Amiens cedex, France.

Lignans are widely distributed plant metabolites associated with a large range of biological activities. In order to gain insight into their biosynthesis and their spatio-temporal accumulation an immunological probe was developed. Secondary metabolites generally have too small molecular weight to be antigenic and have to be associated with a carrier protein. Secoisolariciresinol was chosen as the hapten and was linked to bovine serum albumin via a spacer arm, the p-aminohippuric acid. The artificial antigen was injected to New Zealand rabbits. The successful production of polyclonal antibodies against secoisolariciresinol was assessed with indirect enzyme immunosorbent assay (ELISA) by comparison with pre-immune serum and by competitive assays using dilutions of secoisolariciresinol standards. The antibodies had an IC(50) value of 94 μg/ml and showed moderate cross-reactivities with structurally related compounds. They were thus used to immunolocalize lignans in flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum), one of the richest sources of lignans. The immunohistochemical labeling allowed us to localize for the first time lignans in planta. They are mainly localized in the secondary wall of the sclerite cells of the outer integument of the seed. A very light labeling is also observed in cytoplasmic inclusions of the endosperm. The results were correlated with HPLC analytical results which enabled to evaluate the relative lignan quantities: in flaxseed about 90% of the metabolites are localized in the outer integument.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.09.002DOI Listing
December 2010

Extraction of lignans from flaxseed and evaluation of their biological effects on breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines.

J Med Food 2010 Aug;13(4):834-41

Biology of Plantes and Insects, EA 3900, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, France.

Over the last decade, there has been an increasing interest in using flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) in diet in order to improve nutritional and health status. Lignans are major components of flaxseed. Therefore an extraction procedure for lignans from flaxseed has been optimized. The influence of some parameters was investigated: first the preliminary extraction step with alcoholic solvent, and then the solvent polarity and pH of the extract. All these conditions affected the total lignan content, but the most critical variables were preliminary extraction and solvent polarity. The optimized procedure, consisting of a direct hydrolysis in hydrochloric acid (1 M) at 100 degrees C for 1 hour followed by an extraction with a mixture of ethyl acetate/hexane (90:10 vol/vol), was applied to 340 g of defatted flaxseed and resulted in the isolation of secoisolariciresinol and anhydrosecoisolariciresinol with a purity of 97% and 98%, respectively, as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The ability of these two compounds and that of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside to modulate the growth of human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines was assessed. Our results show that lignans modulate development of breast cancer cells. The most intense effect was observed for anhydrosecoisolariciresinol, which significantly decreased cell growth at 50 and 100 microM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2009.0172DOI Listing
August 2010

High accumulation of dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol-4-beta-D: -glucoside in free and immobilized Linum usitatissimum cell cultures.

Plant Cell Rep 2006 Aug 8;25(8):859-64. Epub 2006 Mar 8.

Biologie des plantes et contrôle des insectes ravageurs, EA 3900, Groupe de Phytotechnologie, Faculté de Pharmacie, 1 rue des Louvels, 80037, Amiens Cedex 1, France.

As flaxseed mainly accumulates lignans (secoisolariciresinol diglucoside and matairesinol), these compounds were barely or not detected in plant cell suspensions initiated from Linum usitatissimum. In contrast, these cell suspensions were shown to accumulate substantial amounts of a neolignan identified as dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol-4-beta-D: -glucoside (DCG) (up to 47.7 mg g(-1) DW). The formation of this pharmacologically active compound was evaluated as a function of cell growth and in relation to phytohormone balance of the culture media. After establishment of efficient culture conditions, production of DCG was investigated in immobilized plant cell suspensions initiated from plantlet roots of L. usitatissimum. The results indicate that immobilization enhances the DCG production up to 60.0 mg g(-1) DW but depresses the cell growth resulting in no improvement of the total DCG yield. Nevertheless, with immobilized cell suspensions, a release of DCG into the medium is observed allowing an easier recovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-006-0137-2DOI Listing
August 2006

Altered nitrogen metabolism associated with de-differentiated suspension cultures derived from root cultures of Datura stramonium studied by heteronuclear multiple bond coherence (HMBC) NMR spectroscopy.

J Exp Bot 2004 May 8;55(399):1053-60. Epub 2004 Apr 8.

Laboratoire de Phytotechnologie, EA 2085, Faculté de Pharmacie, 1, rue des Louvels, F-80037 Amiens cedex 1, France.

De-differentiation of transformed root cultures of Datura stramonium has previously been shown to cause a loss of tropane alkaloid synthetic capacity. This indicates a marked shift in physiological status, notably in the flux of primary metabolites into tropane alkaloids. Nitrogen metabolism in transformed root cultures of D. stramonium (an alkaloid-producing system) and de-differentiated suspension cultures derived therefrom (a non-producing system) has been compared using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. (15)N-Labelled precursors [((15)NH(4))(2)SO(4) and K(15)NO(3)] were fed and their incorporation into nitrogenous metabolites studied using Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Coherence (HMBC) NMR spectroscopy. In both cultures, the same amino acids were resolved in the HMBC spectra. However, marked differences were found in the intensity of labelling of a range of nitrogenous compounds. In differentiated root cultures, cross-peaks corresponding to secondary metabolites, such as tropine, were observed, whereas these were absent in the de-differentiated cultures. By contrast, N- acetylputrescine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) accumulated in the de-differentiated cultures to a much larger extent than in the root cultures. It can therefore be suggested that the loss of alkaloid biosynthesis was compensated by the diversion of putrescine metabolism away from the tropane pathway and toward the synthesis of GABA via N-acetylputrescine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh119DOI Listing
May 2004