Publications by authors named "Sybille Pelras"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Treacher Collins syndrome: a clinical and molecular study based on a large series of patients.

Genet Med 2016 Jan 19;18(1):49-56. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

Service de Génétique Médicale, CHU Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Purpose: Treacher Collins/Franceschetti syndrome (TCS; OMIM 154500) is a disorder of craniofacial development belonging to the heterogeneous group of mandibulofacial dysostoses. TCS is classically characterized by bilateral mandibular and malar hypoplasia, downward-slanting palpebral fissures, and microtia. To date, three genes have been identified in TCS:,TCOF1, POLR1D, and POLR1C.

Methods: We report a clinical and extensive molecular study, including TCOF1, POLR1D, POLR1C, and EFTUD2 genes, in a series of 146 patients with TCS. Phenotype-genotype correlations were investigated for 19 clinical features, between TCOF1 and POLR1D, and the type of mutation or its localization in the TCOF1 gene.

Results: We identified 92/146 patients (63%) with a molecular anomaly within TCOF1, 9/146 (6%) within POLR1D, and none within POLR1C. Among the atypical negative patients (with intellectual disability and/or microcephaly), we identified four patients carrying a mutation in EFTUD2 and two patients with 5q32 deletion encompassing TCOF1 and CAMK2A in particular. Congenital cardiac defects occurred more frequently among patients with TCOF1 mutation (7/92, 8%) than reported in the literature.

Conclusion: Even though TCOF1 and POLR1D were associated with extreme clinical variability, we found no phenotype-genotype correlation. In cases with a typical phenotype of TCS, 6/146 (4%) remained with an unidentified molecular defect.
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January 2016

Severe transient ADAMTS13 deficiency in pneumococcal-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome.

Pediatr Nephrol 2011 Apr 15;26(4):631-5. Epub 2010 Dec 15.

Service de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Pellegrin-Enfants, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Bordeaux, France.

Thrombotic microangiopathies comprise different entities, including hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and several other conditions. TTP is characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and multiorgan failure. TTP is the result of severe von Willebrand factor multimer cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) deficiency that is either inherited or the result of acquired autoantibodies. We report a critically ill 2-year-old girl with invasive pneumococcal disease associated HUS (p-HUS) whose condition was complicated by severe ADAMTS13 deficiency, without detectable inhibitor, in a context of multiple organ failure. The patient recovered with supportive treatment, and ADAMTS13 activity normalized without plasmatherapy. Severe ADAMTS13 deficiency appears to be a manifestation of transient endothelial cell injury in the context of severe sepsis, including invasive p-HUS. The choice of appropriate therapy should not be based on this finding.
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April 2011