Publications by authors named "Swapnil Ganesh Sanmukh"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Exposure to Bacteriophages T4 and M13 Increases Integrin Gene Expression and Impairs Migration of Human PC-3 Prostate Cancer Cells.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Oct 3;10(10). Epub 2021 Oct 3.

Laboratory of Extracellular Matrix Biology, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences of Botucatu, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu 18618-689, SP, Brazil.

The interaction between bacteriophages and integrins has been reported in different cancer cell lines, and efforts have been undertaken to understand these interactions in tumor cells along with their possible role in gene alterations, with the aim to develop new cancer therapies. Here, we report that the non-specific interaction of T4 and M13 bacteriophages with human PC-3 cells results in differential migration and varied expression of different integrins. PC-3 tumor cells (at 70% confluence) were exposed to 1 × 10 pfu/mL of either lytic T4 bacteriophage or filamentous M13 bacteriophage. After 24 h of exposure, cells were processed for a histochemical analysis, wound-healing migration assay, and gene expression profile using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). qPCR was performed to analyze the expression profiles of integrins , , , , and . Our findings revealed that PC-3 cells interacted with T4 and M13 bacteriophages, with significant upregulation of , , , genes after phage exposure. PC-3 cells also exhibited reduced migration activity when exposed to either T4 or M13 phages. These results suggest that wildtype bacteriophages interact non-specifically with PC-3 cells, thereby modulating the expression of integrin genes and affecting cell migration. Therefore, bacteriophages have future potential applications in anticancer therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10101202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8532711PMC
October 2021

Bacteriophages M13 and T4 Increase the Expression of Anchorage-Dependent Survival Pathway Genes and Down Regulate Androgen Receptor Expression in LNCaP Prostate Cell Line.

Viruses 2021 Sep 2;13(9). Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Laboratory of Extracellular Matrix Biology, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences of Botucatu, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu 18618-689, SP, Brazil.

Wild-type or engineered bacteriophages have been reported as therapeutic agents in the treatment of several types of diseases, including cancer. They might be used either as naked phages or as carriers of antitumor molecules. Here, we evaluate the role of bacteriophages M13 and T4 in modulating the expression of genes related to cell adhesion, growth, and survival in the androgen-responsive LNCaP prostatic adenocarcinoma-derived epithelial cell line. LNCaP cells were exposed to either bacteriophage M13 or T4 at a concentration of 1 × 10 pfu/mL, 1 × 10 pfu/mL, and 1 × 10 pfu/mL for 24, 48, and 72 h. After exposure, cells were processed for general morphology, cell viability assay, and gene expression analyses. Neither M13 nor T4 exposure altered cellular morphology, but both decreased the MTT reduction capacity of LNCaP cells at different times of treatment. In addition, genes , , , , , , and were significantly up-regulated, whilst the genes , , , and were down-regulated. Our results show that bacteriophage M13 and T4 interact with LNCaP cells and effectively promote gene expression changes related to anchorage-dependent survival and androgen signaling. In conclusion, phage therapy may increase the response of PCa treatment with pathway inhibitors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v13091754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8473360PMC
September 2021

Development of pipette tip gap closure migration assay (s-ARU method) for studying semi-adherent cell lines.

Cytotechnology 2018 Dec 1;70(6):1685-1695. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Morphology, Institute of Biosciences of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" -UNESP, Rua Antonio Celso Wagner Zanin, 250, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, 18618-689, Brazil.

This work presents a pipette tip gap closure migration assay prototype tool (semi-adherent relative upsurge-s-ARU-method) to study cell migration or wound healing in semi-adherent cell lines, such as lymph node carcinoma of the prostate (LNCaP). Basically, it consists of a 6-well cover plate modification, where pipette tips with the filter are shortened and fixed vertically to the inner surface of the cover plate, with their heights adjusted to touch the bottom of the well center. This provides a barrier for the inoculated cells to grow on, creating a cell-free gap. Such a uniform gap formed can be used to study migration assay for both adherent as well as semi-adherent cells. After performing time studies, effective measurement of gap area can be carried out conveniently through image analysis software. Here, the prototype was tested for LNCaP cells, treated with testosterone and flutamide as well as with bacteriophages T4 and M13. A scratch assay using PC3 adherent cells was also performed for comparison. It was observed that s-ARU method is suitable for studying LNCaP cells migration assay, as observed from our results with testosterone, flutamide, and bacteriophages (T4 and M13). Our method is a low-cost handmade prototype, which can be an alternative to the other migration assay protocol(s) for both adherent and semi-adherent cell cultures in oncological research along with other biological research applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10616-018-0245-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269371PMC
December 2018
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