Publications by authors named "Svitlana Gumenyuk"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Che-1/AATF-induced transcriptionally active chromatin promotes cell proliferation in multiple myeloma.

Blood Adv 2020 11;4(22):5616-5630

SAFU Laboratory.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy produced by a clonal expansion of plasma cells and characterized by abnormal production and secretion of monoclonal antibodies. This pathology exhibits an enormous heterogeneity resulting not only from genetic alterations but also from several epigenetic dysregulations. Here we provide evidence that Che-1/AATF (Che-1), an interactor of RNA polymerase II, promotes MM proliferation by affecting chromatin structure and sustaining global gene expression. We found that Che-1 depletion leads to a reduction of "active chromatin" by inducing a global decrease of histone acetylation. In this context, Che-1 directly interacts with histones and displaces histone deacetylase class I members from them. Strikingly, transgenic mice expressing human Che-1 in plasma cells develop MM with clinical features resembling those observed in the human disease. Finally, Che-1 downregulation decreases BRD4 chromatin accumulation to further sensitize MM cells to bromodomain and external domain inhibitors. These findings identify Che-1 as a promising target for MM therapy, alone or in combination with bromodomain and external domain inhibitors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7686885PMC
November 2020

The Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid and α-Lipoic Acid as Prevention of Bortezomib-Related Neurotoxicity in Patients With Multiple Myeloma.

Integr Cancer Ther 2019 Jan-Dec;18:1534735419888584

Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute IRCCS-IFO - Via Elio Chianesi 53, Rome, Italy.

In cancer patients, a common complication during chemotherapy is chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). For this reason, we decided to conduct a phase II prospective study on 33 patients with multiple myeloma at first diagnosis, to evaluate whether a nutraceutical compound given for 6 months during bortezomib (BTZ) treatment succeeded in preventing the onset of neurotoxicity. Neurological evaluation, electroneurography, and functional and quality of life (QoL) scales were performed at baseline and after 6 months. We administered a tablet containing docosahexaenoic acid 400 mg, α-lipoic acid 600 mg, vitamin C 60 mg, and vitamin E 10 mg bid for 6 months. Concerning the 25 patients who completed the study, at 6-month follow-up, 10 patients had no neurotoxicity (NCI-CTCAE [National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events] = 0), while 13 progressed to NCI-CTCAE grade 1, 1 had NCI-CTCAE grade 1 with pain, and 1 experienced a NCI-CTCAE grade 2. Painful symptoms were reported only in 2 patients, and we observed stability on functional and QoL scales in all patients. None of the 25 patients stopped chemotherapy due to neurotoxicity. Our data seem to indicate that the co-administration of a neuroprotective agent during BTZ treatment can prevent the appearance/worsening of symptoms related to CIPN, avoiding the interruption of BTZ and maintaining valuable functional autonomy to allow normal daily activities. We believe that prevention remains the mainstay to preserve QoL in this particular patient population, and that future studies with a larger patient population are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534735419888584DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6928538PMC
May 2020

Association between CMV and Invasive Fungal Infections After Autologous Stem Cell Transplant in Lymphoproliferative Malignancies: Opportunistic Partnership or Cause-Effect Relationship?

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Mar 19;20(6). Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Hematology and Stem Cell Transplant Unit, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Via Elio Chianesi, 53 00144 Rome, Italy.

Unlike allogeneic transplant, autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) represents a procedure with a low-risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) symptomatic reactivation-infection/end-organ disease (CMV complications) and invasive fungal disease (IFD). However, novel drugs for the treatment of lymphoproliferative malignancies could cause an increase of such opportunistic infections, even after ASCT. To the best of our knowledge, there are no published data demonstrating an association between CMV and IFD in the autologous setting, while this association has been widely reported in allogeneic transplantation. We have reviewed our series of 347 ASCT in myeloma and lymphoma patients performed over a period of 14 years with the aim of investigating the descriptive and analytical epidemiology of bacterial, CMV and IFD complications, focusing on the association between CMV and IFD. Patients with myeloma have significantly fewer bacterial infections and IFD than patients with lymphoma, but a similar rate of CMV complications. Descriptive epidemiological data are consistent with the literature, indicating an overall incidence of 36%, 3.5% and 15.5% for bacterial infections, IFD and CMV complications, with a case mortality rate of 4%, 16.7% and 3.7%, respectively. A strong correlation between CMV and IFD exists, with 8 cases of IFD out of a total of 12 presenting a CMV complication. At multivariate analysis, a diagnosis of lymphoma, ≥3 previous treatment lines and age ≥60 years were found to be independent risk factors for IFD. Duration of neutropenia (ANC < 500/mm³) ≥7 days represents an independent risk factor for CMV complications, where neutropenia most likely represents a crude surrogate biomarker indicating a deeper and longer state of overall immunosuppression. From our data we conclude that (1) myeloma patients are at lower risk of bacterial infections and IFD as compared with lymphoma patients but are at equal risk of CMV complications, most likely as a consequence of a selective impact of bortezomib on Herpes Viruses infection control; (2) a significant association exists between CMV and IFD, although a possible cause-effect relationship remains to be determined; (3) IFD is a rare complication after ASCT but burdened by a mortality rate of about 17%, with peak rates in older lymphoma patients who underwent more intensive therapeutic regimens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6471891PMC
March 2019

Prevention of Bortezomib-Related Peripheral Neuropathy With Docosahexaenoic Acid and α-Lipoic Acid in Patients With Multiple Myeloma: Preliminary Data.

Integr Cancer Ther 2018 12 8;17(4):1115-1124. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

1 Center for Tumor-Related Epilepsy, UOSD Neurology, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.

Background And Aims: Peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of chemotherapy that can induce marked disability that negatively affects the quality of life in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The aim of this study was to prevent the onset or the worsening of peripheral neuropathy in MM patients treated with bortezomib (BTZ), using a new nutritional neuroprotective compound. We report preliminary results of 18 out of 33 patients who completed the study.

Methods: We administered a tablet of Neuronorm to patients, containing docosahexaenoic acid 400 mg, α-lipoic acid 600 mg, vitamin C 60 mg, and vitamin E 10 mg bid for the whole follow-up period. Neurological visit assessment, electroneurography, and evaluation scales were performed at baseline and after 6 months.

Results: At 6 months, 8 patients had no chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, while 10 patients experienced chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy of grade 1 according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, one of them with pain. Seventeen patients did not report painful symptoms; no limitation of functional autonomy and stability in quality of life domains explored was observed.

Conclusions: Our results seem to indicate that early introduction of a neuroprotective agent in our patients with MM treated with BTZ could prevent the onset or the worsening of neuropathic pain, avoiding the interruption of the therapy with BTZ, and maintaining a good functional autonomy to allow normal daily activities. Despite the limitations due to the fact that this is a preliminary study, in a small population, with short follow-up, our data seem to indicate that the nutraceutical may have some potential to be considered for a future trial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534735418803758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247541PMC
December 2018

Lenograstim 5 µg/kg is not superior to biosimilar filgrastim 10 µg/kg in lymphoma patients undergoing peripheral blood stem cell mobilization after chemotherapy: preliminary results from a prospective randomized study.

Transfusion 2018 05 15;58(5):1143-1148. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Hematology and Stem Cell Transplant Unit.

Background: Randomized trials comparing chemomobilization efficiency between lenograstim and biosimilar filgrastim are lacking. Our previous retrospective study suggested that lenograstim could be more effective than biosimilar filgrastim when used at the same conventional dosage (5 µg/kg) only in lymphoma patients undergoing peripheral blood stem cell mobilization. We planned a prospective randomized study comparing lenograstim 5 µg/kg with biosimilar filgrastim 10 µg/kg to verify the hypothesis of lenograstim superiority even at half the dosage (stress test). Herein we report data after enrolling 60% of planned patients.

Study Design And Methods: From October 2014 to November 2017, a total of 42 of 70 planned patients with lymphoma were randomly assigned to receive lenograstim 5 µg/kg (21) or biosimilar filgrastim 10 µg/kg (21). Patients were stratified according to treatment line at the time of mobilization (1 or ≥2). Primary endpoint was the rate of achievement of the CD34+ cell collection target dose (≥ 4 × 10 /kg). An improvement by 23% was expected to validate the hypothesis of lenograstim superiority.

Results: The two cohorts were balanced for all the baseline features. We observed an identical rate of patients able to reach the targeted CD34+ cell dose and of mobilization failures (90.4 and 4.8% in both cohorts) and a perfect equivalence in any of the secondary collection outcomes. The hypothesis of lenograstim superiority was not corroborated at interim analysis.

Conclusion: Lenograstim at conventional dosage has failed to demonstrate its superiority over biosimilar filgrastim at double the dosage at interim analysis in their first head-to-head trial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.14533DOI Listing
May 2018

The usefulness of sLORETA in evaluating the effect of high-dose ARA-C on brain connectivity in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: an exploratory study.

Funct Neurol 2017 Oct/Dec;22(4):195-200

Cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) is one of the key drugs for treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML). High intravenous doses may produce a number of central nervous system (CNS) toxicities and contribute to modifications in brain functional connectivity. sLORETA is a software used for localizing brain electrical activity and functional connectivity. The aim of this study was to apply sLORETA in the evaluation of possible effects of Ara-C on brain connectivity in patients with AML without CNS involvement. We studied eight patients with AML; four were administered standard doses of Ara-C while the other four received high doses. sLORETA was computed from computerized EEG data before treatment and after six months of treatment. Three regions of interest, corresponding to specific combinations of Brodmann areas, were defined. In the patients receiving high-dose Ara-C, a statistically significant reduction in functional connectivity was observed in the fronto-parietal network, which literature data suggest is involved in attentional processes. Our data highlight the possibility of using novel techniques to study potential CNS toxicity of cancer therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11138/fneur/2017.32.4.195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5762104PMC
August 2018

A Population-Based Study on Myelodysplastic Syndromes in the Lazio Region (Italy), Medical Miscoding and 11-Year Mortality Follow-Up: the Gruppo Romano-Laziale Mielodisplasie Experience of Retrospective Multicentric Registry.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2017 1;9(1):e2017046. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Hematology Institute Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Rome (Italy).

Data on Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) are difficult to collect by cancer registries because of the lack of reporting and the use of different classifications of the disease. In the Lazio Region, data from patients with a confirmed diagnosis of MDS, treated by a hematology center, have been collected since 2002 by the Gruppo Romano-Laziale Mielodisplasie (GROM-L) registry, the second MDS registry existing in Italy. This study aimed at evaluating MDS medical miscoding during hospitalizations, and patients' survival. For these purposes, we selected 644 MDS patients enrolled in the GROM-L registry. This cohort was linked with two regional health information systems: the Hospital Information System (HIS) and the Mortality Information System (MIS) in the 2002-2012 period. Of the 442 patients who were hospitalized at least once during the study period, 92% had up to 12 hospitalizations. 28.5% of patients had no hospitalization episodes scored like MDS, code 238.7 of the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM). The rate of death during a median follow-up of 46 months (range 0.9-130) was 45.5%. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was the first cause of mortality, interestingly a relevant portion of deaths is due to cerebro-cardiovascular events and second tumors. This study highlights that MDS diagnosis and treatment, which require considerable healthcare resources, tend to be under-documented in the HIS archive. Thus we need to improve the HIS to better identify information on MDS hospitalizations and outcome. Moreover, we underline the importance of comorbidity in MDS patients' survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4084/MJHID.2017.046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5499502PMC
July 2017

ITACA: A new validated international erythropoietic stimulating agent-response score that further refines the predictive power of previous scoring systems.

Am J Hematol 2017 Oct 29;92(10):1037-1046. Epub 2017 Jul 29.

Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, 4N3M5, Canada.

Background: In 'real-life', the Nordic score guides Erythropoietic stimulating agent (ESA) use in lower-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with predicted response rates of 25% or 74%. As new treatments emerge, a more discriminating score is needed.

Objectives: To validate existing ESA predictive scores and develop a new score that identifies non-responders.

Methods: ESA-treated patients were identified in 3 MDS registries in Italy and Canada (FISM 555, GROM 233, and MDS-CAN 208). Clinical and disease-related variables were captured. Nordic, MDS-CAN, and IPSS-R-based ESA scores were calculated and documented ESA responses compared.

Results: 996 ESA-treated patients were identified. Overall response rate (ORR) was 59%. The database was randomly divided into balanced derivation (n = 463) and validation (n = 462) cohorts. By multivariate analysis, transfusion independence, erythropoietin (EPO) level <100 IU/L, and IPSS low-risk were independently predictive of response. Assigning a score of 1 to each resulted in a scoring system of 0-3 with response rates of 23%, 43%, 67%, and 85%. ORR was concordant in the validation cohort. The 'ITACA' score had the highest discriminating power of response.

Conclusion: ITACA is an internally-validated predictive SS of ESA response in real-life 'good risk' MDS patients derived from a large international dataset that surpasses others. The incorporation of biologic markers to better identify non-responders is still needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.24842DOI Listing
October 2017

Ponatinib Induces a Persistent Molecular Response and Graft-versus-Host Disease/Graft-versus-Leukemia Effect in a Patient with Philadelphia-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with a T315I Mutation following Early Relapse after Allogeneic Transplant.

Chemotherapy 2017 10;62(1):58-61. Epub 2016 Sep 10.

Hematology and Stem Cell Transplant Unit, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.

We describe the case of a patient with a Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with dasatinib plus steroids as the first-line therapy who achieved a molecular complete remission and then underwent a matched, unrelated donor allogeneic transplant. Five months after the transplant, he experienced a disease relapse with an T315I mutation, which was resistant to salvage chemotherapy. Once the details of the T315I mutation were acquired, we initiated ponatinib treatment at a standard dosage and observed a rapid decrease of minimal residual disease (MRD) at molecular assessment. The bone marrow evaluation after 2, 3, 6, 10 and 13 months was negative for MRD. After starting ponatinib, the patient experienced a skin graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), whereas no occurrence of GVHD was observed after transplant, suggesting that the efficacy of ponatinib could be related not only to the direct antileukemic effect, but also to its ability to promote an indirect graft-versus-leukemia effect. Ponatinib was well tolerated but a thyroid dysfunction mimicking a cardiovascular toxicity was observed and solved with hormonal substitutive treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000448750DOI Listing
February 2017

Real-life use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in myelodysplastic syndromes: a "Gruppo Romano Mielodisplasie (GROM)" multicenter study.

Ann Hematol 2016 Jun 19;95(7):1059-65. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

Department of Cellular Biotechnologies and Hematology, University "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

The Gruppo Romano Mielodisplasie (GROM) conducted a retrospective study in 543 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in "real-life" clinical practice. The 40.000-UI/week erythropoietin (EPO)-alpha and 30.000-UI/week EPO-beta starting dose were defined "standard," and 80,000 UI/week EPO-alpha and 60.000 UI/week EPO-beta were defined "high." Response was defined according to International Working Group (IWG) 2006 criteria. At ESA's start, median age was 74.2 years (interquartile range (IR) 67.8-79.5) and median hemoglobin was 8.9 g/dl (IR 8.2-9.6). Median time from diagnosis to ESAs start was 3.8 months (IR 0.8-13.2). ESA starting dose was "standard" in 361 patients (66.5 %) and "high" in 182 patients (33.5 %). Erythroid response was observed in 82/185 (44.3 %) transfusion dependent (TD) patients as compared with 226/329 (68.6 %) transfusion independent (TI) ones (p < 0.001). At multivariate analysis, in TD patients, only endogenous EPO levels <50 mU/l were significant (p = 0.046), whereas in TI patients, high-dose ESAs (p < 0.001), abnormal creatinine levels (0.009), and endogenous EPO levels <50 mU/l (p = 0.014) were predictors of response. Responders showed a higher 5-year overall survival (OS) (57.8 vs. 32.2 %, p < 0.001) and leukemia-free survival (76.0 vs. 49.8 %, p < 0.001). At multivariable analysis for OS, response to ESA, low International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS), no transfusion need, and female sex showed an independent favorable prognostic role. Our results confirm that treatment with ESAs is effective in a real-life MDS setting, particularly at high dose and in TI patients. Prospective studies are needed to define the optimal starting dose.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-016-2667-1DOI Listing
June 2016

Effect of high dose cytosine arabinoside on quantitative EEG in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Cogn Neurodyn 2016 Apr 13;10(2):185-8. Epub 2016 Jan 13.

Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Via Elio Chianesi, 53, 00144 Rome, Italy.

Background EEG activity is considered an index of functional state of brain. Chemotherapy (CT), used for non-central nervous system (CNS) cancer, can cross the blood brain barrier and contribute to changes in the functional state of brain that can alter background EEG activity. Quantitative EEG (qEEG) is superior to conventional EEG in the detection of subtle alterations of EEG background activity and for this reason, the use of qEEG might assist the clinician in evaluating the possible effect of CT on the CNS. The nucleoside analog cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) is one of the milestone chemotherapeutic agents used for treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Our observational study evaluates the possible effect of Ara-C on the qEEG of patients with AML, without CNS involvement. We conducted an observational study on newly diagnosed AML patients without CNS involvement, undergoing treatment with Ara-C to analyze the possible effect of Ara-C high doses on EEG background activity using qEEG analyses. A total of nine AML patients, 5 with Ara-C i.v. high dose (≥3 g/m(2) die), 4 with standard dose (100 mg/m(2) die) underwent qEEG (at rest, during hyperpnoea, mental arithmetic task and blocking reaction). We compared the EEG background activity of the two groups at baseline and after 6 months. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences between the two groups in mean relative power for all frequency bands, at rest and during hyperpnoea, mental arithmetic task and blocking reaction. Our data indicate that high dose Ara-C i.v. did not induce significant changes on EEG background activity in our patients. Future research in this area could include prospective studies that would combine qEEG and neuropsychological testing to assess the impact of CT on brain functions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11571-015-9370-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805690PMC
April 2016

Flow cytometry remission by Ig light chains ratio is a powerful marker of outcome in multiple myeloma after tandem autologous transplant: a real-life study.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2016 Mar 19;35:49. Epub 2016 Mar 19.

Hematology and Stem Cell Transplant Unit, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.

Background: The achievement of complete response (CR) significantly correlates with a better clinical outcome in multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated with autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). The depth of response is one of the most relevant factors to predict patient's outcome, however the definition of CR through standard criteria has shown several limitations.

Methods: In this study we evaluated the minimal residual disease (MRD) in 50 consecutive MM patients who underwent an up-front tandem ASCT in our center, using a single-tube six-colors flow cytometry assay (FC) based on intra-cytoplasmic immunoglobulin (cy-Ig) light chains ratio evaluated on patient-specific plasma cells (PC) immune profile, in a real-life setting.

Results: With a sensitivity up to 10(-5), clonal-PC were documented by FC in 36.4% (12/33) of patients in conventional CR after second transplant. The number of flow MRD-negative patients significantly increased after induction and first ASCT, but not between first and second transplant. The 5-years progression-free survival (5ys-PFS) of flow MRD-negative patients after second transplant was significantly better than patients who remained MRD-positive considering both all patients (5ys-PFS: 70% vs 5%) and patients in CR according to standard criteria (5ys-PFS: 67% vs 0%).

Conclusions: FC remission through cy-Ig light ratio on PC sub-populations is a sensitive, highly informative, low-cost and routinely applicable MRD assay, a powerful tool in treatment response evaluation and a crucial marker of outcome in MM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13046-016-0324-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4799564PMC
March 2016

Cytomegalovirus reactivation after autologous stem cell transplantation in myeloma and lymphoma patients: A single-center study.

World J Transplant 2015 Sep;5(3):129-36

Francesco Marchesi, Svitlana Gumenyuk, Daniela Renzi, Francesca Palombi, Francesco Pisani, Atelda Romano, Antonio Spadea, Elena Papa, Andrea Mengarelli, Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, 00144 Rome, Italy.

Aim: To determine the incidence of and the risk factors for cytomegalovirus (CMV) symptomatic infection and end-organ disease after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT).

Methods: A total of 327 consecutive non CD34(+) selected autografts performed from the Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit of Regina Elena National Cancer Institute of Rome (Italy) in the period comprised between January 2003 to January 2015, were reviewed. Over the 327 autografts, 201 were performed in patients with multiple myeloma, whereas the remaining 126 in patients affected by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma. The patients who underwent an ASCT for an acute leukemia (n = 20) in the same period were excluded from this analysis. CMV DNA load in the blood has been determined by polymerase-chain reaction in the case of a clinical suspicion of reactivation, therefore, no routine monitoring strategy was adopted. In the presence of signs and symptoms of CMV reactivation an antiviral treatment was performed.

Results: Overall, 36 patients (11%) required a specific antiviral treatment for a symptomatic CMV reactivation (n = 32) or an end-organ disease (n = 4). We observed 20 and 16 cases of CMV reactivation among lymphoma (16%) and myeloma patients (8%), respectively. Among cases of end-organ disease, 3 were diagnosed as interstitial pneumonia and one remaining case as hemorrhagic enteritis. All cases of CMV reactivation were observed in IgG seropositive patients, with no documented cases of primary CMV infection. All patients were treated with a specific antiviral therapy, with a global rate of hospitalization of 55%; four patients received intravenous immunoglobulins. Transplant-related mortality was significantly higher in patients who experienced a CMV reactivation (8.4% ± 4.7% vs 1.7% ± 0.8%; P = 0.047). In univariate analysis, a pre-transplant HBcIgG seropositivity, a diagnosis of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and higher median age at transplant were significantly associated with the risk of developing a clinically relevant CMV infection requiring specific antiviral therapy (P < 0.001, P = 0.042 and P = 0.004, respectively). In multivariate analysis, only a pre-transplant HBcIgG seropositivity (OR = 8.928, 95%CI: 1.991-33.321; P = 0.023) and a diagnosis of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (OR = 4.739, 95%CI: 1.511-11.112; P = 0.042) proved to be independent predictors of a post-transplant clinically relevant CMV reactivation.

Conclusion: A symptomatic CMV infection can occur in about 11% of adult patients with lymphoma or myeloma undergoing ASCT. A pre-transplant HBcIgG seropositivity and a diagnosis of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma should be considered as independent predictor factors of CMV reactivation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5500/wjt.v5.i3.129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4580927PMC
September 2015