Publications by authors named "Sviatoslav Kovalchuk"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Spin/Valley Coupled Dynamics of Electrons and Holes at the MoS-MoSe Interface.

Nano Lett 2021 Sep 19;21(17):7123-7130. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Physics, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.

The coupled spin and valley degrees of freedom in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are considered a promising platform for information processing. Here, we use a TMD heterostructure MoS-MoSe to study optical pumping of spin/valley polarized carriers across the interface and to elucidate the mechanisms governing their subsequent relaxation. By applying time-resolved Kerr and reflectivity spectroscopies, we find that the photoexcited carriers conserve their spin for both tunneling directions across the interface. Following this, we measure dramatically different spin/valley depolarization rates for electrons and holes, ∼30 and <1 ns, respectively, and show that this difference relates to the disparity in the spin-orbit splitting in conduction and valence bands of TMDs. Our work provides insights into the spin/valley dynamics of photoexcited carriers unaffected by complex excitonic processes and establishes TMD heterostructures as generators of spin currents in spin/valleytronic devices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01538DOI Listing
September 2021

The patterning toolbox FIB-o-mat: Exploiting the full potential of focused helium ions for nanofabrication.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2021 6;12:304-318. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Corelab Correlative Microscopy and Spectroscopy, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin, Germany.

Focused beams of helium ions are a powerful tool for high-fidelity machining with spatial precision below 5 nm. Achieving such a high patterning precision over large areas and for different materials in a reproducible manner, however, is not trivial. Here, we introduce the Python toolbox FIB-o-mat for automated pattern creation and optimization, providing full flexibility to accomplish demanding patterning tasks. FIB-o-mat offers high-level pattern creation, enabling high-fidelity large-area patterning and systematic variations in geometry and raster settings. It also offers low-level beam path creation, providing full control over the beam movement and including sophisticated optimization tools. Three applications showcasing the potential of He ion beam nanofabrication for two-dimensional material systems and devices using FIB-o-mat are presented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.12.25DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8042487PMC
April 2021

Tunable Graphene Phononic Crystal.

Nano Lett 2021 Mar 23;21(5):2174-2182. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Physics, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany.

In the field of phononics, periodic patterning controls vibrations and thereby the flow of heat and sound in matter. Bandgaps arising in such phononic crystals (PnCs) realize low-dissipation vibrational modes and enable applications toward mechanical qubits, efficient waveguides, and state-of-the-art sensing. Here, we combine phononics and two-dimensional materials and explore tuning of PnCs via applied mechanical pressure. To this end, we fabricate the thinnest possible PnC from monolayer graphene and simulate its vibrational properties. We find a bandgap in the megahertz regime within which we localize a defect mode with a small effective mass of 0.72 ag = 0.002 m. We exploit graphene's flexibility and simulate mechanical tuning of a finite size PnC. Under electrostatic pressure up to 30 kPa, we observe an upshift in frequency of the entire phononic system by ∼350%. At the same time, the defect mode stays within the bandgap and remains localized, suggesting a high-quality, dynamically tunable mechanical system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04986DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7953378PMC
March 2021
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