Publications by authors named "Svetlana Gabdullina"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Endoscopic lithotripsy with a SuperPulsed thulium-fiber laser for ureteral stones: A single-center experience.

Int J Urol 2021 03 30;28(3):261-265. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia.

Objectives: To estimate the efficacy and safety of SuperPulsed thulium-fiber laser ureteral lithotripsy and to identify optimal laser settings.

Methods: Patients with solitary stones were prospectively included. Lithotripsy was performed with a SuperPulsed thulium-fiber laser (NTO IRE-Polus, Fryazino, Russia) using a rigid ureteroscope 7.5 Ch (Richard Wolf, Knittlingen, Germany). We analyzed the efficacy of lithotripsy by measuring total energy required for stone disintegration, "laser-on" time, ablation speed, ablation efficacy, and energy consumption. Stone retropulsion and visibility were assessed using a three-point Likert scale. Complications were assessed using the Clavien-Dindo classification system.

Results: A total of 149 patients were included. The mean stone density was 985 ± 360 Hounsfield units, the median (interquartile range) stone volume was 179 (94-357) mm . The median (interquartile range) total energy was 1 (0.4-2) kJ, and laser-on time 1.2 (0.5-2.7) min. The median (interquartile range) stone ablation speed was 140 (80-279) mm /min, energy for ablation of 1 mm was 5.6 (3-9.9) J/mm and energy consumption was 0.9 (0.6-1) J/min. A correlation was found between retropulsion and the energy used (r = 0.5, P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed energy to be a predictor of increased retropulsion (odds ratio 65.7, 95% confidence interval 1.6-2774.1; P = 0.028). No predictors for worse visibility were identified.

Conclusion: The SuperPulsed thulium-fiber laser provides effective and safe lithotripsy during ureteroscopy regardless of stone density. Fiber diameter and laser frequency do not influence visibility or safety. Optimal laser settings are 0.5 J × 30 Hz for fragmentation and 0.15 J × 100 Hz for dusting.
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March 2021

Systematic review of the endoscopic enucleation of the prostate learning curve.

World J Urol 2020 Sep 17. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Urology, Spital Thurgau AG, Pfaffenholzstrasse 4, 8501, Frauenfeld, Switzerland.

Introduction: It has been shown that endoscopic enucleation of the prostate (EEP) allows for similar efficacy and safety, no matter what energy and type of instruments we use, but the length of learning may differ greatly. The aim of this systematic review is to verify if there is any significant difference between EEP methods in learning.

Evidence Acquisition: We performed a systematic literature search in three databases and included only the articles containing their own data on the EEP learning curve assessment during the last 10 years. The primary endpoint was to determine the necessary experience needed to achieve a plateau. The secondary endpoints were to review methods used to evaluate a learning curve.

Evidence Synthesis: The final sample included 17 articles, containing a total of 4615 EEPs performed by 76 surgeons, the most common method was HoLEP (9/17). The majority of articles studying HoLEP report a learning curve of experience level achievement in roughly 30-40 (min 20; max 60) cases. The studies of GreenLight laser showed high heterogeneity in the results with minimum of 20 cases and maximum of 150-200 cases. TUEB required roughly 40-50 cases to reach the plateau.

Conclusion: Although EEP is considered challenging, it shows a steep learning curve with a plateau after 30-50 cases. Proper criteria are critical for accurate assessment of the learning curve. The Trifecta and Pentafecta criteria are currently the most appropriate method to evaluate EEP learning.
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September 2020

Temperature changes during laser lithotripsy with Ho:YAG laser and novel Tm-fiber laser: a comparative in-vitro study.

World J Urol 2020 Dec 20;38(12):3261-3266. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, 2/1 Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., Moscow, 119991, Russia.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the thermal effects of Ho:YAG and Tm-fiber lasers during lithotripsy in an in-vitro model via real-time temperature measurement.

Methods: We compared a Ho:YAG laser (p up to 100 W, Lumenis, Yokneam, Israel) and a superpulse Tm-fiber laser (SP TFL, p up to 40 W, NTO IRE-Polus, Fryazino, Russia), both equipped with 200 µm bare-ended fibers. The following settings were used: 0.2 J, 40 Hz (nominal p 8 W). Power meter FieldMaxII-TO (Coherent, Santa Clara, CA, USA) was used to verify output laser power (p). Each laser was fired for 60 s in two setups: (1) thermos-insulated (quasi-adiabatic) cuvette; (2) actively irrigated setup with precise flow control (irrigation rates 0, 10, 35 mL/min).

Results: Power measurements performed before the test revealed a 10% power drop in Ho:YAG (up to 7.2 ± 0.1 W) and 6.25% power drop in SP TFL (up to 7.5 ± 0.1). At the second step of our experiment, irrigation reduced the respective temperatures in the same manner for both lasers (e.g., at 35 mL/s SP TFL - 1.9 °C; for Ho:YAG laser - 2.8 °C at 60 s).

Conclusion: SP TFL and Ho:YAG lasers are not different in terms of volume-averaged temperature increase when the same settings are used in both lasers. Local temperature rises may fluctuate to some degree and differ for the two lasers due to varying jet streaming caused by non-uniform heating of the aqueous medium by laser light.
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December 2020