Publications by authors named "Sven Rötering"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Tos-Nos-Mos: Synthesis of different aryl sulfonate precursors for the radiosynthesis of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor radioligand [(18)F]NS14490.

Appl Radiat Isot 2016 08 28;114:57-62. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Institute of Radiopharmaceutical Cancer Research, Departments of Neuroradiopharmaceuticals and Radiopharmaceutical and Chemical Biology, POB 51 01 19, D-01314 Dresden, Germany.

Radiopharmacological investigations of [(18)F]NS14490 have proven that this radiotracer could be a potential PET radiotracer for imaging of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor particularly with regard to vulnerable plaques of diseased vessels. For further optimisation of the previously automated one-pot radiosynthesis of [(18)F]NS14490 using a tosylate precursor, precursors with other leaving groups (nosylate and mosylate) were synthesized and compared with the tosylate with respect to their reactivities towards [(18)F]fluoride. The use of these different precursors resulted in comparable labelling yields of [(18)F]NS14490. A novel mosylate precursor was synthesized and evaluated, which has revealed a higher stability during a storage period of five months compared to the corresponding tosylate and nosylate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2016.04.028DOI Listing
August 2016

Convenient recycling and reuse of bombarded [¹⁸O]H₂O for the production and the application of [¹⁸F]F⁻.

Appl Radiat Isot 2015 Jul 11;101:44-52. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Radiopharmaceutical Cancer Research, Departments of Neuroradiopharmaceuticals and Production of Radiopharmaceuticals, POB 51 01 19, D-01314 Dresden, Germany.

The limited availability and the increasing demands of [(18)O]H2O force the reuse of bombarded [(18)O]H2O for the production of [(18)F]F(-) at least for the purposes of research. Therefore, inorganic and organic contaminants have to be removed from the [(18)O]H2O after bombardment. We present a simple, effective, easy-handling and reliable method of [(18)O]H2O purification including oxidation and distillation. The obtained recycled [(18)O]H2O had comparable quality to commercially distributed [(18)O]water. This was confirmed by a detailed comparison of produced radionuclides and their activities and the application of [(18)F]F(-) for the automated synthesis of [(18)F]fluspidine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2015.03.009DOI Listing
July 2015

Imaging of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in brain and cerebral vasculature of juvenile pigs with [(18)F]NS14490.

EJNMMI Res 2014 5;4:43. Epub 2014 Aug 5.

Institute of Radiopharmaceutical Cancer Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Permoserstr. 15, Leipzig 04318, Germany.

Background: The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is an important molecular target in neuropsychiatry and oncology. Development of applicable highly specific radiotracers has been challenging due to comparably low protein expression. To identify novel ligands as candidates for positron emission tomography (PET), a library of diazabicyclononane compounds was screened regarding affinity and specificity towards α7 nAChRs. From these, [(18)F]NS14490 has been shown to yield reliable results in organ distribution studies; however, the radiosynthesis of [(18)F]NS14490 required optimization and automation to obtain the radiotracer in quantities allowing dynamic PET studies in piglets.

Methods: Automated radiosynthesis of [(18)F]NS14490 has been performed by [(18)F]fluorination with the tosylate precursor in the TRACERlab™ FX F-N synthesis module (Waukesha, WI, USA). After optimization, the radiochemical yield of [(18)F]NS14490 was consistently approximately 35%, and the total synthesis time was about 90 min. The radiotracer was prepared with >92% radiochemical purity, and the specific activity at the end of the synthesis was 226 ± 68 GBq μmol(-1). PET measurements were performed in young pigs to investigate the metabolic stability and cerebral binding of [(18)F]NS14490 without and with administration of the α7 nAChR partial agonist NS6740 in baseline and blocking conditions.

Results: The total distribution volume relative to the metabolite-corrected arterial input was 3.5 to 4.0 mL g(-1) throughout the telencephalon and was reduced to 2.6 mL g(-1) in animals treated with NS6740. Assuming complete blockade, this displacement indicated a binding potential (BPND) of approximately 0.5 in the brain of living pigs. In addition, evidence for specific binding in major brain arteries has been obtained.

Conclusion: [(18)F]NS14490 is not only comparable to other preclinically investigated PET radiotracers for imaging of α7 nAChR in brain but also could be a potential PET radiotracer for imaging of α7 nAChR in vulnerable plaques of diseased vessels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13550-014-0043-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4129469PMC
August 2014

Radiosynthesis and first evaluation in mice of [(18)F]NS14490 for molecular imaging of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

Bioorg Med Chem 2013 May 22;21(9):2635-42. Epub 2013 Feb 22.

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Radiopharmacy, Research Site Leipzig, Dept. of Neuroradiopharmaceuticals, Permoserstrasse 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany.

[(18)F]NS14490, a new potential radiotracer for neuroimaging of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7 nAChRs), was synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Radioligand binding studies using [(3)H]methyllycaconitine and NS14490 as competitor showed a good target affinity (K(i,α7) = 2.5 nM) and a high selectivity towards other nAChRs. Radiosynthesis of [(18)F]NS14490 was performed by two different labelling procedures: a two-step synthesis using a prosthetic group, which led to 7% labelling yield, and the convenient direct nucleophilic substitution of the corresponding tosylate precursor, which resulted in 70% labelling yield. After optimisation of the isolation, purification and formulation process, biodistribution studies were performed in CD-1 mice. The brain uptake of [(18)F]NS14490 was comparably low (0.16% ID g(-1) wet weight at 5 min p.i.). The radiotracer showed a high metabolic stability in plasma and brain. Also, the target specificity was proven by pre-administration of a highly affine α7 ligand providing a rationale basis for further in vivo evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2013.02.018DOI Listing
May 2013