Publications by authors named "Sushma D Kurmi"

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Development and in vitro evaluation of an oral floating matrix tablet formulation of diltiazem hydrochloride.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2007 Sep 7;8(3):E73. Epub 2007 Sep 7.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Bharati Vidyapeeth's College of Pharmacy, C.B.D., Navi Mumbai 400 614, Maharashtra, India.

The purpose of this research was to prepare a floating drug delivery system of diltiazem hydrochloride (DTZ). Floating matrix tablets of DTZ were developed to prolong gastric residence time and increase its bioavailability. Rapid gastrointestinal transit could result in incomplete drug release from the drug delivery system above the absorption zone leading to diminished efficacy of the administered dose. The tablets were prepared by direct compression technique, using polymers such as hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC, Methocel K100M CR), Compritol 888 ATO, alone or in combination and other standard excipients. Sodium bicarbonate was incorporated as a gas-generating agent. The effects of sodium bicarbonate and succinic acid on drug release profile and floating properties were investigated. A 3(2) factorial design was applied to systematically optimize the drug release profile. The amounts of Methocel K100M CR (X1) and Compritol 888 ATO (X2) were selected as independent variables. The time required for 50% (t50) and 85% (t85) drug dissolution were selected as dependent variables. The results of factorial design indicated that a high level of both Methocel K100M CR (X1) and Compritol 888 ATO (X2) favors the preparation of floating controlled release of DTZ tablets. Comparable release profiles between the commercial product and the designed system were obtained. The linear regression analysis and model fitting showed that all these formulations followed Korsmeyer and Peppas model, which had a higher value of correlation coefficient (r). While tablet hardness had little or no effect on the release kinetics and was found to be a determining factor with regards to the buoyancy of the tablets.
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September 2007