Publications by authors named "Susan Ramadan"

3 Publications

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Prospective evaluation of planar bone scintigraphy, SPECT, SPECT/CT, 18F-NaF PET/CT and whole body 1.5T MRI, including DWI, for the detection of bone metastases in high risk breast and prostate cancer patients: SKELETA clinical trial.

Acta Oncol 2016 2;55(1):59-67. Epub 2015 Apr 2.

d Turku PET Centre , Turku , Finland.

Purpose: Detection of bone metastases in breast and prostate cancer patients remains a major clinical challenge. The aim of the current trial was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of (99m)Tc-hydroxymethane diphosphonate ((99m)Tc-HDP) planar bone scintigraphy (BS), (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT/CT, (18)F-NaF PET/CT and whole body 1.5 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including diffusion weighted imaging, (wbMRI+DWI) for the detection of bone metastases in high risk breast and prostate cancer patients.

Material And Methods: Twenty-six breast and 27 prostate cancer patients at high risk of bone metastases underwent (99m)Tc-HDP BS, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT/CT, (18)F-NaF PET/CT and wbMRI+DWI. Five independent reviewers interpreted each individual modality without the knowledge of other imaging findings. The final metastatic status was based on the consensus reading, clinical and imaging follow-up (minimal and maximal follow-up time was 6, and 32 months, respectively). The bone findings were compared on patient-, region-, and lesion-level.

Results: (99m)Tc-HDP BS was false negative in four patients. In the region-based analysis, sensitivity values for (99m)Tc-HDP BS, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT/CT, (18)F-NaF PET/CT, and wbMRI+DWI were 62%, 74%, 85%, 93%, and 91%, respectively. The number of equivocal findings for (99m)Tc-HDP BS, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT, (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT/CT, (18)F-NaF PET/CT and wbMRI+DWI was 50, 44, 5, 6, and 4, respectively.

Conclusion: wbMRI+DWI showed similar diagnostic accuracy to (18)F-NaF PET/CT and outperformed (99m)Tc-HDP SPECT/CT, and (99m)Tc-HDP BS.
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December 2016

Circulating levels of VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 in patients with metastatic melanoma treated with chemoimmunotherapy alone or combined with bevacizumab.

Melanoma Res 2011 Oct;21(5):431-7

Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Finland.

There are no identified biomarkers that could predict response to antiangiogenic or traditional chemoimmunotherapy in metastatic melanoma. We hypothesized that soluble angiogenic factor receptors might help us to identify patients responsive to treatment. A series of 48 patients with stage IV melanoma participating in two phase II clinical trials were included. The trials included treatment with carboplatin, vinorelbine, and subcutaneous interleukin-2 (n=22) or treatment with bevacizumab, dacarbazine, and low-dose interferon-α2a (n=26).Serum samples were prospectively collected and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (s-VEGFR-1) and 2 (s-VEGFR-2) were measured before starting the trial treatment and during response evaluation.There was a trend toward longer overall survival among patients with higher-than-median serum VEGFR-1 levels (21.3 months) compared with 12.3 months in patients with low pretreatment s-VEGFR-1 levels (P=0.146). Pretreatment s-VEGFR-2 levels did not correlate to survival. Serum VEGFR-2 levels decreased during therapy in 44% of the patients and increased in 56% of the patients. VEGFR-2 increased in 78% (14 of 18) of the patients who progressed during therapy (P=0.017). VEGFR-2 decrease was associated with clinical benefit in 65% of the patients (11 of 17) and with progression in only four patients (P=0.016).High pretreatment levels of s-VEGFR-1 are associated with improved prognosis among patients with metastatic melanoma independently on therapy, whereas increased VEGFR-2 levels during therapy are associated with disease progression. These markers might be useful in selecting patients responsive to antiangiogenic therapy.
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October 2011