Publications by authors named "Susan M Senko"

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Development and Pilot Analysis of the Bruise Visibility Scale.

SAGE Open Nurs 2021 Jan-Dec;7:23779608211020931. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States.

The accuracy of assessing and documenting injuries is crucial to facilitate ongoing clinical care and forensic referrals for victims of violence. The purpose of this cross-sectional, pilot study was to evaluate the inter-rater reliability and criterion validity of a newly developed Bruise Visibility Scale (BVS). The instrument was administered to a diverse sample (n = 30) with existing bruises. Bruises were assessed under fluorescent lighting typical of an examination room by three raters who were randomly selected from a pool of eight experienced clinical nurses. Colorimetry values of the bruise and surrounding tissue were obtained using a spectrophotometer. The BVS demonstrated good single (ICC = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.54 - 0.84) and average agreement (ICC = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.78 - 0.94) between raters. A significant, positive moderate correlation was found between mean BVS scores and overall color difference between the bruise and surrounding skin (Pearson's r = 0.614,  < 0.001). With further research, the BVS has the potential to be a reliable and valid tool for documenting the degree of clarity in bruise appearance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/23779608211020931DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8371286PMC
June 2021
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