Publications by authors named "Susan B Roman"

3 Publications

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Demographic and Clinical Correlates of the Cost of Potentially Preventable Hospital Encounters in a Community Health Center Cohort.

Popul Health Manag 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Fair Haven Community Health Care, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

This study sought to describe the cost of hospital care for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs) and to identify independent predictors of high-cost hospital encounters related to an ACSC among an urban community health center cohort. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of individuals engaged in care in a large, multisite community health center in New Haven, Connecticut, with any Medicaid claims between June 1, 2018 and March 31, 2020. Prevention Quality Indicators of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality were used to identify ACSCs. The primary outcome was a high-cost episode of care for an ACSC (in the top quartile within a 7-day period). Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of high-cost episodes by ACSCs among sociodemographic and clinical variables as covariates. Among 8019 included individuals, a total of 751 episodes of hospital care involving ACSCs were identified. The median episode cost was $793, with the highest median cost of care related to heart failure ($4992), followed by diabetes ($1162), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ($1141). In adjusted analyses, male gender ( < 0.01), increasing age ( = 0.02), and ACSC type ( < 0.01) were associated with higher costs of care; race/ethnicity was not. Community health centers in urban settings seeking to reduce the cost of care of potentially preventable hospitalizations may target disease-/condition-specific groups, particularly individuals of increasing age with congestive heart failure and diabetes mellitus. These findings may inform return-on-investment calculations for care coordination and other enabling services programming.
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August 2021

Analysis of Care Coordination Needs for Families of Children with Special Health Care Needs.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2020 01;41(1):58-64

Center for Care Coordination, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT.

Objectives: To identify the diverse services required by families of children with special health care needs (CSHCN) and identify the specific care coordination (CC) efforts associated with the most common types of observed diagnoses. Requested services were categorized into specific sectors, and CC efforts were quantified by observed diagnoses and defined sectors.

Methods: CC service data were extracted and analyzed from patient encounters over 4 years (2009-2013) in a department database. This included descriptive information about referrals and linkages to medical, dental, and behavioral health providers and to state, private, and community agencies. Diagnostic classifications and CC sectors were defined to enable categorization.

Results: A total of 2682 CSHCN records were reviewed. The majority (59%) required services/resources in 1 to 2 sectors, 24% required services/resources in 3 to 5 sectors, and 17% required services/resources in 6 or more sectors. Including informational service, the most frequently required sectors across the study population were education, financial, medical/dental, social connections, and advocacy. Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder had the highest needs across all sectors.

Conclusion: Most CSHCN and their families use a substantial amount of CC time and effort to secure services from diverse sectors. High-quality and efficient CC requires an understanding of the specific needs of these CSHCN and their families and how to link them to a diverse array of services and resources.
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January 2020

Current Pediatric Emergency Department Innovative Programs to Improve the Care of Psychiatric Patients.

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 2018 07 17;27(3):441-454. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.

Emergency departments (EDs) across North America have become a safety net for patients seeking mental health (MH) services. The prevalence of families seeking treatment of children in MH crisis has become a national emergency. To address MH access and improve quality and efficient management of children with MH conditions, the authors describe ED projects targeting this vulnerable population. Five North American health care systems volunteered to feature projects that seek to reduce ED visits and/or improve the care of MH patients: Allina Health, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, and Rhode Island Hospital.
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July 2018