Publications by authors named "Suparna Karmarkar"

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Efficacy and tolerability of Melatonin vs Triclofos to achieve sleep for pediatric electroencephalography: A single blinded randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 Sep 7;34:14-20. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College, Pune, India. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare Melatonin with Triclofos for efficacy (proportion of successful EEG, need of augmentation, sleep onset latency (SOL), yield of discharges, duration of sleep, presence and grade of artifacts) and tolerability (adverse effect profile).

Methods: A randomized trial was performed (block randomization). All children were advised regarding sleep deprivation, EEG technician administered the drug. EEG was labelled successful if at least 30 min of record could be obtained (sleep with or without awake state). Pediatric neurologist reported the EEG findings-sleep onset latency, epileptiform abnormalities and graded the artifacts (excess beta activity and movement artifacts if present). The parents were interviewed telephonically next day by a pediatric resident for any adverse effects. The parents, pediatric neurologist and pediatric resident were blinded for the drug given.

Results: 228 children were randomized (114 each received Melatonin and Triclofos). Both the groups were comparable at baseline for age group and demographic data. The proportion of successful EEG was 89.4% in Melatonin and 91.2% in Triclofos. First dose was effective in 64% in Melatonin and 63.15% in Triclofos group. Augmentation dose was needed in 25.4% in Melatonin and 28% in Triclofos group. Mean total sleep duration was 80 min after Melatonin and 82.39 after Triclofos administration. Adverse effects were observed in 6.14% of Melatonin and 8.65% of Triclofos group. None of the results were statistically significant.

Conclusion: There was no significant difference between efficacy and tolerability of Melatonin and Triclofos. Melatonin can be safely used to achieve sleep for EEG in children.
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September 2021