Publications by authors named "Sung-Dae Yim"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Enhancement of Catalytic Activity and Durability of Pt Nanoparticle through Strong Chemical Interaction with Electrically Conductive Support of Magnéli Phase Titanium Oxide.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Mar 24;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Fuel Cell Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), 152, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34129, Korea.

In this study, we address the catalytic performance of variously sized Pt nanoparticles (NPs) (from 1.7 to 2.9 nm) supported on magnéli phase titanium oxide (MPTO, TiO) along with commercial solid type carbon (VXC-72R) for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Key idea is to utilize a robust and electrically conductive MPTO as a support material so that we employed it to improve the catalytic activity and durability through the strong metal-support interaction (SMSI). Furthermore, we increase the specific surface area of MPTO up to 61.6 m g to enhance the SMSI effect between Pt NP and MPTO. After the deposition of a range of Pt NPs on the support materials, we investigate the ORR activity and durability using a rotating disk electrode (RDE) technique in acid media. As a result of accelerated stress test (AST) for 30k cycles, regardless of the Pt particle size, we confirmed that Pt/MPTO samples show a lower electrochemical surface area (ECSA) loss (<20%) than that of Pt/C (~40%). That is explained by the increased dissolution potential and binding energy of Pt on MPTO against to carbon, which is supported by the density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Based on these results, we found that conductive metal oxides could be an alternative as a support material for the long-term fuel cell operation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11040829DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8063942PMC
March 2021

Highly Durable Supportless Pt Hollow Spheres Designed for Enhanced Oxygen Transport in Cathode Catalyst Layers of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2016 Oct 10;8(41):27730-27739. Epub 2016 Oct 10.

Fuel Cell Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) , Daejeon, 305-343, Republic of Korea.

Supportless Pt catalysts have several advantages over conventional carbon-supported Pt catalysts in that they are not susceptible to carbon corrosion. However, the need for high Pt loadings in membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) to achieve state-of-the-art fuel cell performance has limited their application in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Herein, we report a new approach to the design of a supportless Pt catalyst in terms of catalyst layer architecture, which is crucial for fuel cell performance as it affects water management and oxygen transport in the catalyst layers. Large Pt hollow spheres (PtHSs) 100 nm in size were designed and prepared using a carbon template method. Despite their large size, the unique structure of the PtHSs, which are composed of a thin-layered shell of Pt nanoparticles (ca. 7 nm thick), exhibited a high surface area comparable to that of commercial Pt black (PtB). The PtHS structure also exhibited twice the durability of PtB after 2000 potential cycles (0-1.3 V, 50 mV/s). A MEA fabricated with PtHSs showed significant improvement in fuel cell performance compared to PtB-based MEAs at high current densities (>800 mA/cm). This was mainly due to the 2.7 times lower mass transport resistance in the PtHS-based catalyst layers compared to that in PtB, owing to the formation of macropores between the PtHSs and high porosity (90%) in the PtHS catalyst layers. The present study demonstrates a successful example of catalyst design in terms of catalyst layer architecture, which may be applied to a real fuel cell system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b08177DOI Listing
October 2016

Self-Supported Mesostructured Pt-Based Bimetallic Nanospheres Containing an Intermetallic Phase as Ultrastable Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts.

Small 2016 Oct 12;12(38):5347-5353. Epub 2016 Aug 12.

School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), 50 UNIST-gil, Ulsan, 44919, Republic of Korea.

Developing highly active and stable cathode catalysts is of pivotal importance for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). While carbon-supported nanostructured Pt-based catalysts have so far been the most active cathode catalysts, their durability and single-cell performance are yet to be improved. Herein, self-supported mesostructured Pt-based bimetallic (Meso-PtM; M = Ni, Fe, Co, Cu) nanospheres containing an intermetallic phase are reported, which can combine the beneficial effects of transition metals (M), an intermetallic phase, a 3D interconnected framework, and a mesoporous structure. Meso-PtM nanospheres show enhanced oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity, compared to Pt black and Pt/C catalysts. Notably, Meso-PtNi containing an intermetallic phase exhibits ultrahigh stability, showing enhanced ORR activity even after 50 000 potential cycles, whereas Pt black and Pt/C undergo dramatic degradation. Importantly, Meso-PtNi with an intermetallic phase also demonstrated superior activity and durability when used in a PEMFC single-cell, with record-high initial mass and specific activities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201601825DOI Listing
October 2016

Highly Platinum-Loaded Magnéli Phase Titanium Oxides as a High Voltage Tolerant Electrocatalyst for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2015 Sep;15(9):6988-94

Magnéli phase titanium oxides (MPTOs), possess high electrical conductivity and chemical stability, are promising support materials for the development of novel electrocatalyst in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). Despite MPTO's extremely low specific surface area (1 m2/g or less), high Pt loading (40 wt%) and excellent Pt particle-size distribution were obtained by the modified borohydride method. The reasons were discussed and compared with polyol method. Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) performance of those Pt/MPTO catalysts were found to be 169.7 and 366.2 mA/cm2 at 0.7 V for H2/air and H2/O2, respectively. The accelerated stress tests (ASTs) showed superior durability of the Pt/MPTO catalyst as a cathode electrode. After 10,000 cycles of high-voltage cycling test from 0.9 V and 1.3 V RHE, no significant performance degradation of the Pt/MPTO electrode was observed comparing with Pt/C. Thus, MPTOs can be considered as a good substitute of carbon supports in fuel cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.10549DOI Listing
September 2015

Designing an ultrathin silica layer for highly durable carbon nanofibers as the carbon support in polymer electrolyte fuel cells.

Nanoscale 2014 Oct 8;6(20):12111-9. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

Fuel Cell Research Center, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), Daejeon, 305-343, Republic of Korea.

A critical issue for maintaining long-term applications of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) is the development of an innovative technique for the functionalization of a carbon support that preserves their exceptional electrical conductivity and robustly enriches their durability. Here, we report for the first time how the formation of a partially coated, ultrathin, hydrophobic silica layer around the surfaces of the carbon nanofiber (CNF) helps improve the durability of the CNF without decreasing the significant electrical conductivity of the virgin CNF. The synthesis involved the adsorption of polycarbomethylsilane (PS) on the CNF's sidewalls, followed by high temperature pyrolysis of PS, resulting in a highly durable, conductive carbon support in PEFCs. The Pt nanoparticles are in direct contact with the surface of the carbon in the empty spaces between unevenly coated silica layers, which are not deposited directly onto the silica layer. The presence of a Pt nanoparticle layer that was thicker than the silica layer would be a quite advantageous circumstance that provides contact with other neighboring CNFs without having a significant adverse effect that deeply damages the electrical conductivity of the neighboring CNF composites with the silica layer. Furthermore, the ultrathin, hydrophobic silica layer around the surfaces of the CNF provides great potential to reduce the presence of water molecules in the vicinity of the carbon supports and the ˙OH radicals formed on the surface of the Pt catalyst. As a result, the CNF with a 5 wt% silica layer that we prepared has had extremely high initial performance and durability under severe carbon corrosion conditions, starting up with 974 mA cm(-2) at 0.6 V and ending up with more than 58% of the initial performance (i.e., 569 mA cm(-2) at 0.6 V) after a 1.6 V holding test for 6 h. The beginning-of-life and end-of-life performances based on the virgin CNF without the silica layer were 981 and 340 mA cm(-2) at 0.6 V, respectively. The CNF having a silica layer had long-term durability which was superior to that of the virgin CNF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4nr04293jDOI Listing
October 2014
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