Publications by authors named "Sugeun Nam"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Arrhythmia incidence and associated factors during volatile induction of general anesthesia with sevoflurane: a retrospective analysis of 950 adult patients.

Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2021 Jun 5;40(3):100878. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Sevoflurane has been used to induce anaesthesia in adults due to its suitability for airway management and haemodynamic stability. Few studies have reported arrhythmia during volatile induction with sevoflurane in adults. Here, we investigated the incidence of arrhythmia and risk factors associated with its occurrence during sevoflurane induction of anaesthesia in adults.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively analysed 950 adult patients who underwent elective ear nose and throat surgery with volatile induction using sevoflurane between May and December 2015. The incidence of arrhythmia and the factors associated with its development were analysed.

Results: Arrhythmia was observed in 164 (17.3%) of 950 adult patients. The most frequently observed arrhythmia was sinus tachycardia (heart rate > 120 bpm) (77 patients, 47.0%). The multivariable logistic analysis showed four independent risk factors: age (odds ratio [OR] = 0.984, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.973-0.996, p = 0.006), coronary artery disease (OR = 3.749, 95% CI = 1.574-8.927, p = 0.003), maximal concentration (8 vol%) of sevoflurane from the start of induction (OR = 2.696, 95% CI = 1.139-6.382, p = 0.024), and maintenance of 8 vol% sevoflurane concentration after eyelash reflex loss (OR = 1.577, 95% CI = 1.083-2.296, p = 0.018). The risk of hypotension was greater in patients in whom arrhythmia occurred, although blood pressure recovered to baseline after the concentration of sevoflurane was adjusted.

Conclusions: We recommend that the sevoflurane concentration be gradually increased with continuous and vigilant electrocardiogram and blood pressure monitoring. The sevoflurane concentration should be adjusted after sufficient unconsciousness is reached.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100878DOI Listing
June 2021

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of ropivacaine extended-release from a temperature-responsive hydrogel in rats.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2021 Jun 24;48(6):932-937. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Therapeutic agents with a short half-life need to be administered frequently to achieve sustained and effective concentrations. This could be accomplished using sustained drug delivery technology. PF-72 (TGel Bio, Inc., Seoul, Korea) is a drug delivery system based on a powder obtained from lyophilisation of a reverse thermal hydrogel, which could assist in achieving prolonged pain relief if mixed with an anaesthetic and injected into the incision site following surgery. The pharmacokinetic parameters related to the absorption of the local anaesthetic ropivacaine delivered using this hydrogel were quantified. Ten rats were divided into two groups (n = 5 each), and equal doses (4 mg/kg) of different formulations were subcutaneously injected into the abdomen. The experimental group received PF-72 mixed with 0.75% ropivacaine, and the control group received 0.75% ropivacaine. Blood was collected at specific times to measure the plasma concentration of ropivacaine. Population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed using NONMEM VII level 4 (ICON Development Solutions, Dublin, Ireland). The one-compartment absorption model, which combines zero-order absorption and first-order absorption, was used to describe the change in ropivacaine plasma concentration over time. The type of formulation was a significant covariate for zero-order absorption duration (experimental group, 92.9 min; control group, 60.5 min). The addition of PF-72 to 0.75% ropivacaine increased the duration of absorption into the blood, suggesting a longer lasting effect of the analgesic injected into the surgical wound.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.13492DOI Listing
June 2021

Negative pressure pulmonary edema in a patient undergoing open rhinoplasty: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jan;100(1):e24240

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine.

Rationale: Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is associated with serious postoperative complications. Compact nasal packing is always done after an open rhinoplasty procedure which makes it difficult to achieve positive pressure ventilation via a mask if NPPE arises.

Patient Concerns: A 21-year-old healthy man got an open rhinoplasty, septal perforation repair, and revisional septal reconstruction. After surgery, he became so agitated that it was difficult to calm him. We decided to remove the endotracheal tube. On arrival at the post-anesthesia care unit, he was cyanotic and his SpO2 had decreased to about 2%. We attempted positive pressure ventilation using mask bagging; however, it was ineffective due to the nasal packing.

Diagnoses: Negative pressure pulmonary edema.

Interventions: Emergent reintubation was immediately done and Ambu bagging was commenced. A considerable pinkish secretion came out of the tube. A T-piece was applied to him using 15 L/min of oxygen supply. The patient was eventually transferred to the intensive care unit of our hospital.

Outcomes: On postoperative day (POD) 1, a decision was made to extubate, and the oxygen supply was shifted to 3L/min using a venturi-mask. On POD 2, a chest posteroanterior radiograph was taken and indicated no active lung lesion. The patient was subsequently discharged without any complications. He had no symptoms on POD 6, 11, and 18 at follow-up visits to our outpatient clinic.

Lessons: Anesthesiologists should be alert to the possibility of NPPE and its treatment because of its rapid onset but positive clinical outcome if there is a proper intervention. In nasal surgery cases in particular, early re-intubation should be conducted and extubation should be done to fully awaken the patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000024240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7793335PMC
January 2021