Publications by authors named "Subastri Ariraman"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Unveiling anticancer potential of glibenclamide: Its synergistic cytotoxicity with doxorubicin on cancer cells.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 May 14;154:294-301. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605 014, India. Electronic address:

Drug repurposing has been an emerging therapeutic strategy, which involves exploration of a new therapeutic approach for the use of an existing drug. Glibenclamide (Gli) is an anti-diabetic sulfonylurea drug extensively used for the treatment of type-2 diabetes, it has also been shown to possess anti-proliferative effect against several types of tumors. The present study was executed to understand the mechanisms underlying the interaction of Gli with DNA under physiological conditions. The binding mechanism of Gli with DNA was scrutinized by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and fluorescence emission spectroscopy. The conformational changes and electrochemical properties were analyzed by circular dichroism spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Isothermal titration calorimetry was employed to examine the thermodynamic changes and molecular docking technique used to analyze the interaction mode of Gli with DNA. The spectroscopic studies revealed that Gli interacts with DNA through groove binding mode. Further, isothermal titration calorimetry depicted a stronger mode of interaction favorably groove-binding. Recently, systemic combination therapy has shown significant promise in inhibiting multiple targets simultaneously yielding high therapeutic competence with lesser side effects. With this concern, we intended to study the combined cytotoxicity of Gli with doxorubicin (Dox). The results of MTT assay and acridine orange (AO)/ethidium bromide (EtBr) staining showed synergistic cytotoxicity of Gli + Dox combination on HepG2 & A549 cells. The present study documents the intricate mechanism of Gli-DNA interaction and delivers a multifaceted access for chemotherapy by Gli + Dox combination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2018.03.025DOI Listing
May 2018

Synthesis and characterisation of arsenic nanoparticles and its interaction with DNA and cytotoxic potential on breast cancer cells.

Chem Biol Interact 2018 Nov 22;295:73-83. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605 014, India. Electronic address:

Therapeutic applications of arsenic trioxide (ATO) are limited due to their severe adverse effects. However, nanoparticles of ATO might possess inimitable biologic effects based on their structure and size which differ from their parent molecules. Based on this conception, AsNPs were synthesized from ATO and comparatively analysed for their interaction mechanism with DNA using spectroscopic & electrochemical techniques. Finally, anti-proliferative activity was assessed against different breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231 & MCF-7) and normal non-cancerous cells (HEK-293). The DNA interaction study revealed that AsNPs and ATO exhibit binding constant values in the order of 10 which indicates strong binding interaction. Binding of AsNPs did not disturb the structural integrity of DNA, on the other hand an opposing effect was observed with ATO through biophysical techniques. Further, in vitro study, confirms cytotoxicity of ATO and AsNPs against different cells, however at particular concentration ATO exhibits more cytotoxicity than that of AsNPs. Furthermore, cytotoxicity was confirmed through acridine orange and comet assay. In conclusion, AsNPs are safer than ATO with comparable efficacy and might be a suitable candidate for the development of novel therapeutic agent against breast cancer and other solid tumours.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2017.12.025DOI Listing
November 2018

Anticancer potential of ZnO nanoparticle-ferulic acid conjugate on Huh-7 and HepG2 cells and diethyl nitrosamine induced hepatocellular cancer on Wistar albino rat.

Nanomedicine 2018 02 21;14(2):415-428. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India. Electronic address:

Drawbacks and limitations of recently available therapies to hepatocellular cancer (HCC) devoted the scientist to focus on emerging new strategies. ZnO nanoparticles (ZnONPs) based chemotherapeutics has been emanating as a promising approach to maximize therapeutic synergy facilitating the discovery of novel multitargeted combinations. In the present study we conjugated ZnONPs with ferulic acid (ZnONPs-FAC) characterized by computational, spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. In vitro anticancer potential has been evaluated by assessing cell viability, morphology, ROS generation, mitochondrial membrane permeability, comet assay, immunofluorescent staining of 8-OHdG, Ki67 and γ-H2AX, cell cycle analysis and western blot analysis and in vivo anticancer potential against DEN induced HCC was analyzed by histopathological and immunohistochemical methods. The results revealed that ZnONPs-FAC induces cell death through apoptosis and can suppress the DEN-induced HCC. Our study documents therapeutic potential of nanoparticle conjugated with phytochemicals, suggesting a new platform for combinatorial chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2017.11.003DOI Listing
February 2018

Troxerutin with copper generates oxidative stress in cancer cells: Its possible chemotherapeutic mechanism against hepatocellular carcinoma.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Mar 3;233(3):1775-1790. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India.

Troxerutin (TXER) a rutin derivative is known for its anticancer effect against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As part of large study, recently we have shown TXER interact with genetic material and its anti-mutagenic property. In the present study we have explored its possible mode of action in HCC. Since TXER alone did not show significant anticancer effect on Huh-7 cells, in vitro biochemical assays were performed for determining anticancer efficacy of TXER + metal complex using transition metals such as Cu, Zn, and Fe. The anticancer efficacy of TXER + Cu on Huh-7 cells were evaluated using MTT assay, DCFDA, JC-1 staining, comet assay, cell cycle analysis, immunocytochemistry, and Western blotting. Non-toxic nature of TXER was analyzed on primary rat hepatocytes. The in vivo efficacy of TXER was tested in N-nitrosodiethylamine initiated and γ-benzene hexachloride and partial hepatectomy promoted rat liver cancer. Liver markers, transition metal levels, histopathological examination, and expression levels of GST-P, 8-OHdG and Ki-67 were studied to assess the in vivo anticancer effect of TXER. We observed that TXER + Cu induced extensive cellular death on Huh-7 cells through generating free radicals and did not possess any toxic effect on normal hepatocytes. The in vivo studies revealed that TXER possess significant anti-cancer effect as assessed through improved liver markers and suppressed GST-P, 8-OHdG, and Ki-67 expression. TXER treatment reduced the hepatic Cu level in cancer bearing animals. Current study brings the putative mechanism involved in anti-cancer effect of TXER, further it will help to formulate phytoconstituents coupled anti-cancer drug for effective treatment of HCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.26061DOI Listing
March 2018

Selenium nanoparticles synthesized in aqueous extract of Allium sativum perturbs the structural integrity of Calf thymus DNA through intercalation and groove binding.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2017 May 7;74:597-608. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605 014, India. Electronic address:

Biomedical application of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) demands the eco-friendly composite for synthesis of SeNPs. The present study reports an aqueous extract of Allium sativum (AqEAS) plug-up the current need. Modern spectroscopic, microscopic and gravimetric techniques were employed to characterize the synthesized nanoparticles. Characterization studies revealed the formation of crystalline spherical shaped SeNPs. FTIR spectrum brings out the presence of different functional groups in AqEAS, which influence the SeNPs formation and stabilization. Furthermore the different aspects of the interaction between SeNPs and CT-DNA were scrutinized by various spectroscopic and cyclic voltametric studies. The results reveals the intercalation and groove binding mode of interaction of SeNPs with stacked base pair of CT-DNA. The Stern-Volmer quenching constant (K) were found to be 7.02×10M- (ethidium bromide), 4.22×10 M- (acridine orange) and 7.6×10M- (Hoechst) indicating strong binding of SeNPs with CT-DNA. The SeNPs - CT-DNA interactions were directly visualized by atomic force microscopy. The present study unveils the cost effective, innocuous, highly stable SeNPs intricate mechanism of DNA interaction, which will be a milestone in DNA targeted chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2017.02.003DOI Listing
May 2017

Nutrient profile of porridge made from Eleusine coracana (L.) grains: effect of germination and fermentation.

J Food Sci Technol 2015 Sep 14;52(9):6024-30. Epub 2015 Jan 14.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, 605 014 India.

Porridge (koozh) is one of the traditional foods made from Eleusine coracana L. grains (Finger millet). It is a soft food prepared from processed (germinated & fermented) finger millet flour (FMF). However, in the modern world of fast food, koozh is usually prepared from non-processed (non-germinated & non-fermented) FMF. Hence, present study was undertaken to evaluate the macro and micro nutrient contents in koozh prepared from germinated (fermented & non-fermented) and non-germinated (fermented & non-fermented) FMF. Highest protein, carbohydrate and glycoprotein contents were found in koozh prepared from germinated & non-fermented FMF. The free amino acid contents are higher in germinated & fermented condition when compare to other preparations. No significant change was observed in the calorific value of all preparations. There is no statistical difference in macro-nutrients & micro-nutrients minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous and zinc among all the preparations. However, copper content is higher in non-germinated condition, whereas selenium, silicon and sulphur are higher in germinated FMF when compared to others. Significant level of total phenol, total flavonoid and free radical scavenging activity was observed in all preparations, which increased further during fermentation. The present observations, lead us to conclude that koozh prepared from germinated & non-fermented FMF contains higher level of carbohydrate, protein and glycoprotein, however germinated & fermented koozh has increased aminoacids, phytochemicals and free radical scavenging activity. Hence it is suggested that the consumption of koozh made from germinated & fermented FMF may provide easily digestible and energetic nutrients for healthier life.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-015-1713-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4554619PMC
September 2015

TNF-α suppression by glutathione preconditioning attenuates hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury in young and aged rats.

Inflamm Res 2015 Jan 25;64(1):71-81. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, 605014, India.

Background And Aim: Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) stimulates Kupffer cells and initiates injury through tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) upregulation. Aim of this study was to compare the variable effects of reduced glutathione (GSH) pre-treatment on I/R liver injury in young and aged rats.

Methods: Wistar male rats were sorted into young (groups I-III) and aged (groups IV-VI). All groups except sham (groups I and IV) were subjected to 90-min ischemia and 2-h reperfusion. The treatment groups received 200 mg/kg bwt (groups III and VI) of GSH, 30 min prior to I/R. Variable effects of GSH were studied by transaminase activities, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), GSH level, GSH/oxidized GSH (GSSG) ratio, TNF-α level, apoptotic markers and confirmed by histopathological observations.

Results: Our findings revealed that I/R inflicted more liver damage in aged rats than young rats. The GSH treatment prior to surgery significantly lowered the serum transaminase activities, hepatic TBARS level and effectively restored the GSH/GSSG ratio in both young and aged rats more remarkably in the mitochondria. Western analysis depicted that the GSH treatment effectively suppressed TNF-α expression and apoptotic markers in both young and aged rats. These findings were further confirmed by terminal deoxynucleotide transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay and histopathological observations of liver sections of young and aged rats.

Conclusion: Restoration of GSH/GSSG ratio through GSH pre-conditioning inhibits TNF-α and apoptosis in hepatic I/R injury. Hence, GSH pre-conditioning may be utilized in both young and aged individuals during liver transplantation/surgery for better post-operative outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00011-014-0785-6DOI Listing
January 2015

Computational approach for identification of Anopheles gambiae miRNA involved in modulation of host immune response.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2013 May 16;170(2):281-91. Epub 2013 Mar 16.

Pondicherry Centre for Biological Sciences, Jawahar Nagar, Pondicherry, 605 005, India.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that play key roles in regulating gene expression in animals, plants, and viruses, which involves in biological processes including development, cancer, immunity, and host-microorganism interactions. In this present study, we have used the computational approach to identify potent miRNAs involved in Anopheles gambiae immune response. Analysis of 217,261 A. gambiae ESTs and further study of RNA folding revealed six new miRNAs. The minimum free energy of the predicted miRNAs ranged from -27.2 to -62.63 kcal/mol with an average of -49.38 kcal/mol. While its A + U % ranges from 50 to 65 % with an average value of 57.37 %. Phylogenetic analysis of the predicted miRNAs revealed that aga-miR-277 was evolutionary highly conserved with more similarity with other mosquito species. Observing further the target identification of the predicted miRNA, it was noticed that the aga-miR-2304 and aga-miR-2390 are involved in modulation of immune response by targeting the gene encoding suppressin and protein prophenoloxidase. Further detailed studies of these miRNAs will help in revealing its function in modulation of A. gambiae immune response with respect to its parasite.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0183-5DOI Listing
May 2013
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