Publications by authors named "Su-Jin Han"

16 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association between Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health Status in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 4;18(9). Epub 2021 May 4.

College of Nursing, Gachon University, (21936) 191 Hambakmoero, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21936, Korea.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) can lead to poor oral health. However, oral health among diabetic patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is scarcely studied. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of oral health complications and the relationship between DM and oral health status in diabetic patients with CVDs. This retrospective nationwide cross-sectional study evaluated 3495 patients aged ≥40 years with CVD, with DM ( = 847) and without DM ( = 2648). The participant's characteristics between the two groups were compared using the Chi-square test and t-test. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify associations between DM and oral health status. The prevalence of periodontitis (54.3% vs. 43.2%) and <20 number of remaining teeth (30.9% vs. 22.8%) was significantly higher in the DM than in the non-DM group. In the multivariate regression analysis, the incidence of periodontitis was 1.4 times higher in the DM group than in the non-DM after adjusting for confounders; however, the number of remaining teeth and active caries were not associated with DM. In conclusion, the oral health status of patients with coexisting CVD and DM should be assessed closely and actively. Healthcare professionals should provide accessible dental care services and develop strategies to improve patients' oral health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094889DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8125754PMC
May 2021

Nontraditional Risk Factors for Obesity in Modern Society.

J Obes Metab Syndr 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Overweight and obesity, which have rapidly increased around the world in recent years, are significant health problems. They can lead to various morbidities, including cardiovascular diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, some types of cancer, and even death. Obesity is caused by an energy imbalance due to excessive calorie intake and insufficient energy consumption, and genetic factors and individual behavioral problems are also known to be major contributing factors. However, these are insufficient to explain the surge in obesity that has occurred in recent decades. Recent studies have suggested that environmental factors arising from the process of socioeconomic development and modernization contribute to this phenomenon. These environmental factors include light pollution due to artificial lighting, air pollution, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and reduced exposure to green spaces due to urbanization of residential areas. In this manuscript, the findings and mechanisms of these novel risk factors causing overweight and obesity are reviewed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7570/jomes21004DOI Listing
May 2021

Relationship between Vitamin D Deficiency and Periodontitis in Korean Adults Aged ≥60 Years: Analysis of Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2014).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 15;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Korea.

There have been contradictory reports on the effects of vitamin D in the prevention of periodontitis. We analyzed the association between vitamin D status (levels of plasma 25(OH)D) and periodontitis using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013-2014 database. Among the participants in the KNHANES (2013-2014), only those aged ≥60 years who completed a health interview survey, periodontal examination, and blood test were included in the study. Thus, data from 701 participants were used in the final analysis. Periodontal status was evaluated using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and periodontitis was defined as having a CPI score of 3 or 4. Plasma 25(OH)D levels were classified according to two criteria: 20 ng/mL and quartile value. The chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the prevalence of periodontitis according to plasma 25(OH)D levels. Univariate analyses showed that periodontitis was not significantly associated with plasma 25(OH)D levels. In the multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, the difference in the prevalence of periodontitis between those with a normal range of 25(OH)D and those with low plasma of 25(OH)D levels was not statistically significant. Vitamin D intake has been reported to have benefits in maintaining periodontal health; however, total plasma 25(OH)D levels showed no significant association with periodontitis based on CPI scores in this study. Additionally, these findings reaffirmed the importance of toothbrushing and smoking cessation to prevent periodontitis in people aged ≥60 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084181DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8071325PMC
April 2021

Antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of cinnamon essential oil nanoemulsion against multi-species oral biofilms.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 15;11(1):5911. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Gachon University, 191 Hambakmoero Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, 21936, Republic of Korea.

Cinnamon essential oil (CEO) has antibacterial properties, but its ability to suppress the formation of multi-species oral biofilms has not been fully elucidated. This study evaluated the antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of cinnamon essential oil nanoemulsion (CEON) against oral biofilms formed using a microcosm biofilm model. The biofilms were formed on bovine enamel specimens over a 7-day period, during which all specimens were treated with one of three solutions: 5% CEON (n = 35), 0.5% cocamidopropyl betaine (n = 35), or 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX; n = 35). Antibacterial and antibiofilm activities were determined by the red/green ratios (R/G values) of 7-day-old mature biofilms photographed with quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital, the number of aciduric bacterial colony-forming units (CFUs) within each biofilm, and the absorbance of bacterial suspensions. One-way and repeated-measures analysis of variance were performed to compare differences among the three solutions. R/G values were lowest in the 0.12% CHX group, but not significantly differ from the 5% CEON group. The number of CFUs and absorbance were lowest in the 5% CEON group. This study showed that nanoemulsified CEO inhibited the maturation of multi-species oral biofilms and the growth of oral microorganisms in biofilms, including aciduric bacteria that cause dental caries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-85375-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7971021PMC
March 2021

The Effect of Proximal Cleaning Devices on Periodontal Status in Korean Adults between 2016 and 2018.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 22;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Korea.

Removal of the biofilm from the proximal space is essential for preventing periodontal disease. This study aimed to prove the association between the use of proximal cleaning devices, such as dental floss and interdental brushes, and periodontal health among nationally representative Korean adults. Data collected from the 7th National Health Nutrition Survey (KNHANES VII: 2016-2018) were used for this purpose. A total of 11,359 participants aged 19 years or older who participated in KNHANES were reviewed. The response variable was the prevalence of high CPI (CPI of 3-4), and the explanatory variables were dental floss and interdental brush. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to adjust for potential confounding factors and to analyze the association between periodontal disease and proximal cleaning devices. It was found that 63.1% of the participants did not use proximal cleaning devices at all, 17.5% used dental floss alone, 11.9% used an interdental brush, and 7.5% used both. Subjects who used both dental floss and interdental brush had a high CPI rate nearly half that of all the models for those who did not. In particular, for those using dental floss, the aOR of high CPI was 0.681 in Model 1, 0.714 in Model 2, and 0.737 in Model 3. Dental hygiene products for cleaning the proximal space, such as dental floss, are essential for removing the dental biofilm as a basic tool along with toothbrushes. Teaching and explaining the need to use these devices well are important for oral health care and maintenance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7926615PMC
February 2021

Association between regular walking and periodontitis according to socioeconomic status: a cross-sectional study.

Sci Rep 2019 09 10;9(1):12969. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

Department of Preventive Dentistry & Public Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Physical activity reduces the risk and mortality risk of inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to examine the relationship between regular walking and periodontitis in a Korean representative sample of adults according to socioeconomic status. Data acquired by the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 and 2015 were used. The survey was completed by 11,921 (5,175 males; 6,746 females) participants (≥19 years). Individuals without values on periodontitis were excluded, and 9,728 participants remained. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was done using socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, income, education), oral health-related variables (flossing, interdental brushing, community periodontal index), oral and general health status and behaviour (smoking, diabetes mellitus), and regular walking. In all models, subjects who walked regularly had significantly lower risks of periodontitis. After adjusting for age, gender, income, education, smoking, diabetes mellitus, flossing, and interdental brushing, the odds ratio for periodontitis in subjects who walked regularly was 0.793 (95% Confidence interval: 0.700-0.898). Non-regular walking groups showed similar social gradients. Risk of low socioeconomic status was not significant in the regular walking group after adjusting for age, gender, income, and education. This study found that regular walking is associated to lower prevalence of periodontitis and can attenuate the relationship between periodontitis and low socioeconomic status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49505-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6736985PMC
September 2019

The association between periodontitis and dyslipidemia according to smoking and harmful alcohol use in a representative sample of Korean adults.

Clin Oral Investig 2020 Feb 2;24(2):937-944. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Oral Health Science Research Center, Apple Tree Dental Hospital, Jungang-ro 1573 Goyang-si, Gyounggi-do, South Korea.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine whether dyslipidemia is associated with periodontitis according to age, sex, smoking, and harmful alcohol use in a representative sample of Korean adults who participated in the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-3).

Materials And Methods: We examined 3987 subjects aged 19 to 79 years who participated in the KNHANES VI-3. Dyslipidemia was defined according to the definition proposed by the Korean Society of Lipidology and Atherosclerosis. The periodontal status of the patients was assessed using the community periodontal index. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out and adjusted for sociodemographic variables, oral and general health behaviors, and oral health status. All analyses considered a complex sampling design, and multivariate analysis was performed in the age, sex, smoking, and harmful alcohol use subgroups.

Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between periodontitis and dyslipidemia including hypertriglyceridemia and hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemia. In the subgroup analysis, periodontitis was significantly associated with hypo-HDL cholesterolemia in subjects older than 40 years, males, heavy smokers, and hazardous and harmful alcohol users. Moreover, periodontitis was significantly associated with hypercholesterolemia in hazardous and harmful alcohol users.

Conclusions: The prevalence of periodontitis (CPI 3, 20.7%; CPI 4, 9.0%) was 29.7% in Korea. Hyper-TG and hypo-HDL-C were associated with periodontitis in all subjects. In the subgroup analysis, the association of periodontitis with hyper-TC and pre-hyper-TC was further confirmed in harmful alcohol users and males, respectively.

Clinical Relevance: This study reaffirmed that periodontitis is associated with dyslipidemia, especially with hyper-TG and hypo-HDL-C. As the association of periodontitis with hypo-HDL-C, hyper-TC, and pre-hyper-TC was found differently in subgroups according to age, gender, smoking, and alcohol drinking, researchers need to consider effect modifiers in further studies on the association between periodontitis and dyslipidemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-019-02989-8DOI Listing
February 2020

The association between dyslipidemia, oral health behavior, and periodontal disease: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Quintessence Int 2019 ;50(5):394-401

Objectives: This research aims to confirm the association between dyslipidemia, oral health behaviors, and periodontal disease according to age groups.

Method And Materials: This cross-sectional study used collected data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted from 2012 to 2015 with 17,004 adults. Complex samples logistic regression analysis confirmed the relevant factors of oral disease.

Results: Hypo high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) related to periodontal disease in two groups (under 40 and over 40 years old). In the over-40 age group, the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was associated with periodontal disease; toothbrushing frequency and usage of interdental hygiene products were associated with periodontal disease.

Conclusions: Better HDL-C level in all age groups, management of LDL-C level, tooth-brushing at least twice a day, and additional use of interdental hygiene products in the over-40 age group were associated with better oral health. Thus, public and oral health professionals should emphasize the relationship according to age group during health care education and share relevant information.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.qi.a42294DOI Listing
November 2019

Trans-tympanic Cartilage Chip Insertion for Intractable Patulous Eustachian Tube.

J Audiol Otol 2018 Jul 4;22(3):154-159. Epub 2018 May 4.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background And Objectives: Patulous Eustachian tube (PET) causes troublesome autophony. We treated PET using tragal cartilage chip insertion to fill in the concavity within the tubal valve and evaluated the feasibility of this method.

Subjects And Methods: This study used a prospective design. Eleven patients with PET disorder were included. Tragal cartilage chip insertion via a transcanal approach into the Eustachian tube (ET) was performed in 14 ears of those patients. They were followed-up for at least 12 months after surgery and were evaluated by symptom questionnaire scores.

Results: The average follow-up was 16.4 months. Thirteen of fourteen ears received immediate complete relief of autophony symptoms. Autophony symptoms at the last follow-up were as follows: four ears (28.6%) had complete relief; five ears (35.7%) showed satisfactory improvement; four ears (28.6%) showed significant but unsatisfactory improvement; and one ear (7.1%) was unchanged. The PET symptom questionnaire in the affected ears showed a significant reduction in autophony (p=0.047) and improvement in breathing sound conduction (p=0.047). There were no complications such as otitis media or occlusion symptom.

Conclusions: Transtympanic cartilage chip insertion into the ET provides a safe and accessible surgical option for the treatment of PET.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7874/jao.2018.00017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103493PMC
July 2018

Synthesis of Fluorescent Indazoles by Palladium-Catalyzed Benzannulation of Pyrazoles with Alkynes.

Org Lett 2017 03 8;19(6):1450-1453. Epub 2017 Mar 8.

Department of Chemistry and Chemistry Institute of Functional Materials, Pusan National University , Busan 46241, Republic of Korea.

The synthesis of indazoles from pyrazoles and internal alkynes is described. Instead of complex benzenoid compounds, readily available pyrazoles were used for the preparation of indazoles by reaction of the C-H bonds of the heterocyclic ring. Oxidative benzannulation was also applied to imidazoles, providing benzimidazoles. This convergent strategy enabled alteration of the photochemical properties of benzo-fused diazoles by varying the substituents at the benzene ring, thus leading to the development of tetraarylindazoles as new fluorophores.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.7b00410DOI Listing
March 2017

A Case of Sudden Deafness with Intralabyrinthine Hemorrhage Intralabyrinthine Hemorrhage and Sudden Deafness.

J Audiol Otol 2015 Dec 18;19(3):178-81. Epub 2015 Dec 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

Sudden hearing deterioration may occur in our population, but it is difficult to explain the exact pathophysiology and the cause. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is usually useful to evaluate neural lesions such as acoustic schwannoma and hemorrhage in labyrinth. Recently some cases of SSNHL caused by intralabyrintine hemorrhage were reported by the advance of MRI. In the case of intralabyrintine hemorrhage, MRI showed a hyperintense signal in the labyrinth on the pre-contrast and contrast enhanced T1-weighted image and relatively weak intensity on T2-weighted image. The prognosis SSNHL by intralabyrintine hemorrhage is generally known to be poor. We report a case of sudden deafness with intralabyrintine hemorrhage who has a history of anticoagulant administration, with a review of literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7874/jao.2015.19.3.178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4704558PMC
December 2015

Direct C-H Alkenylation of Functionalized Pyrazoles.

J Org Chem 2016 Jan 23;81(2):689-98. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Department of Chemistry and Chemistry Institute of Functional Materials, Pusan National University , Busan 46241, Republic of Korea.

We have developed inter- and intramolecular C-H alkenylation reactions of pyrazoles. The catalyst, derived from Pd(OAc)2 and pyridine, enabled the oxidative alkenylation of pyrazoles containing a variety of functional groups at the C4 position. Activated alkenes, including acrylate, acrylamide, and styrene derivatives, and enamides could be installed in this process. The sequential C-H alkenylation and cyclization reactions gave rise to fused bicyclic pyrazoles, providing a new strategy to annulate readily available pyrazole compounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.5b02398DOI Listing
January 2016

Clinical significance of mismatch repair genes immunohistochemical expression of complex endometrial hyperplasia.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2015 Mar 16;58(2):106-11. Epub 2015 Mar 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Korea.

Objective: Women with Lynch syndrome have an increased risk of developing colorectal and gynecologic malignancies such as endometrial cancer. Complex hyperplasia has about a 30% risk of developing into endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic risk for developing endometrial cancer by immunohistochemical staining of premalignant lesions for mutL homolog 1, mutS homolog 2, mutS homolog 6, and postmeiotic segregation increased 2.

Methods: Twenty cases (n=20) were selected from among patients with available sample blocks for analysis. Clinical information was obtained from medical chart review. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for all of the tumor blocks. Staining was scored based on the intensity (intensity score 0-3) .

Results: Among the 20 cases of complex endometrial hyperplasia, 11 (55%) patients showed loss of expression of at least one of the following proteins: mutL homolog 1, mutS homolog 2, mutS homolog 6, or postmeiotic segregation increased 2. Seven (35%) patients were negative for the expression of two or more proteins, and one patient (5%) was negative for the expression of all four proteins.

Conclusion: More than half of the patients showed loss of expression of at least one mismatch repair protein in our study population. Genetic risk counseling and further tests are recommended for these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2015.58.2.106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4366862PMC
March 2015

Comparison of changes in etiologic microorganisms causing early-onset neonatal sepsis between preterm labor and preterm premature rupture of membranes.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2015 Nov 4;28(16):1923-8. Epub 2015 Sep 4.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and.

Objective: To investigate changes in the etiologic microorganisms causing early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) in preterm labor (PTL) or preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) cases over the past 16 years and to analyze the associated factors.

Methods: We included consecutive singleton pregnancies delivered before 34 weeks due to PTL or pPROM. The etiologic microorganisms causing EONS in PTL and pPROM cases were compared between period 1 (1996-2004) and period 2 (2005-2012).

Results: There was no difference in the incidence of Gram-positive bacteria causing EONS between period 1 and 2, either in PTL (2.0% versus 2.1%, p = 1.0) or in pPROM (1.5% versus 1.6%, p = 1.0). However, the incidence of EONS caused by Gram-negative bacteria was significantly increased in pPROM (0.6% versus 2.7%, p = 0.040) during period 2, compared to period 1; but not in PTL (0.3% versus 1.2%, p = 0.211). Multivariable analysis revealed that a prolonged ROM-to-delivery interval (>7 d) was significantly associated with EONS caused by Gram-negative bacteria in pPROM (odds ratio: 6.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.4-31.8, p = 0.018).

Conclusions: The etiologic microorganisms causing EONS have changed over the past 16 years in pPROM cases but not in PTL cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2014.972928DOI Listing
November 2015

Subthreshold continuous electrical stimulation facilitates functional recovery of facial nerve after crush injury in rabbit.

Muscle Nerve 2011 Feb;43(2):251-8

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, Korea.

We sought to determine whether electrical stimulation (ES) with subthreshold, continuous, low-frequency impulses is a viable clinical method for improving functional recovery after facial nerve crush injury. In 10 rabbits, bilateral crush injuries were made on the facial nerve by compression for 30 s with mosquito forceps, causing complete facial paralysis. Subthreshold continuous direct current ES with 20-Hz square-wave pulses was applied to the proximal stump on one side for 4 weeks. Vibrissae movement returned significantly earlier on the ES side, with a less variable recovery time. Electrophysiologically, the stimulated side had a significantly shorter latency, longer duration, and faster conduction velocity. Light and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the electrical stimulation also markedly decreased Wallerian degeneration. The average numbers of fluorescent, double-labeled nerve cells were significantly different between the ES and non-ES sides. This study shows that subthreshold, continuous, low-frequency ES immediately after a crush injury of the facial nerve results in earlier recovery of facial function and shorter overall recovery time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.21840DOI Listing
February 2011

Otogenic pneumocephalus associated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2009 Dec 31;2(4):203-6. Epub 2009 Dec 31.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

Otogenic pneumocephalus is a condition of intracranial air originating from the middle ear or mastoid air cells. This communication between the intracranial cavity and the pneumatic cavities is usually associated with trauma after cranial fractures or iatrogenic trauma. We present a rare case of otogenic pneumocephalus arising in the left posterior fossa from wellpneumatized mastoid air cells. The patient complained of roaring tinnitus that developed 29 months after ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion due to brain tumor surgery. High resolution computed tomography scan of the temporal bones revealed a large pneumocephalus below the left tentorium, and a bony dehiscent route was clearly identified in a sagittal view. A left mastoidectomy with preservation of the posterior wall of the external auditory canal was performed, and the expected bony dehiscent site was identified in the posterior fossa dura plate, just posterior to the posterior semicircular canal, below the Donaldson's line. This communication was sealed with a temporalis muscle plug from the deep temporalis muscle fascia and bone dust. Pneumocephalus may be caused by negative intracranial pressure in a patient with very well-pneumatized mastoid bone, and it can be a possible cause of 'wind-like' sound in the ear.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3342/ceo.2009.2.4.203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2804097PMC
December 2009