Publications by authors named "Stuart H Munson-McGee"

3 Publications

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Association among urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and depression: a cross-sectional study from NHANES 2015-2016.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 26. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Data Forward Analytics, LLC, Principal, Las Cruces, NM, 88011, USA.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of chemicals produced from incomplete combustion of carbon-containing products. PAH exposure is associated with pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, liver disease, and cancer. However, studies on the exposure to PAHs and depression are limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between seven types of urinary PAH exposure and depression in the adult population using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)2015-2016 dataset. The nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess for depression; a PHQ-9 score ≥ 10 was considered depressed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis for complex survey procedures was used to assess the relationship between seven types of PAH exposure and depression. A total of 4,123 adults aged ≥20 years were included in the study sample. All forms of urinary PAHs studied, including 1-hydroxynaphthalene, 2-hydroxynaphthalene, 3-hydroxyfluorene, 2-hydroxyfluorene, 1-hydroxyphenanthrene, 1-hydroxypyrene, and 2 and 3-hydroxyphenanthrene, were positively associated with depression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-16692-3DOI Listing
September 2021

Environmental exposure to metals and the risk of high blood pressure: a cross-sectional study from NHANES 2015-2016.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Data Forward Analytics, LLC, Las Cruces, NM, USA.

Exposure to metal pollution can be caused from inhalation, ingestion, or absorption from air, water, or food. Chronic exposure to trace amounts of metals can lead to high blood pressure, or hypertension, and other chronic diseases. The rationale of our study was to determine if there was a correlation between nineteen forms of urinary metal concentrations and high blood pressure, defined as ≥ 130 mm Hg systolic or ≥ 80 mm Hg diastolic, in the adult US population, to understand the possible impacts of metal exposure on humans. Five types of urinary arsenic species and fourteen types of urinary metals were studied to examine their correlation with high blood pressure. We used the dataset from the 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the study. A specialized complex survey design analysis package was used in analyzing the NHANES data. We used pairwise t tests and the logit regression models to study the correlation between urinary arsenic (five types) and urinary metal (fourteen types) concentrations and high blood pressure. The total study population analyzed included 4037 adults aged 20 years and older, of whom 57.9% of males and 51.7% of females had high blood pressure. Urinary arsenous acid (OR: 2.053, 95% CI: 1.045, 4.035), tin (OR: 1.983, 95% CI: 1.169, 3.364), and cesium (OR: 2.176, 95% CI: 1.013, 4.675) were associated with increased odds of high blood pressure. The other four types of urinary arsenic and twelve types of urinary metals were not associated with high blood pressure. Our results determined that exposure to environmental metals such as arsenous acid, tin, and cesium can be associated with high blood pressure. Further investigation is suggested to support our findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-15726-0DOI Listing
July 2021

Anomalous transient leaching behavior of metals solidified/stabilized by pozzolanic fly ash.

J Hazard Mater 2006 Sep 28;137(1):144-51. Epub 2006 Mar 28.

Department of Chemical Engineering, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA.

This study presents observations on the transient leaching behavior of chromium, cadmium, and aluminum that were solidified/stabilized by pozzolanic fly ash. These three metals were selected since they were present in a simulated waste stream generated by an evaporator during plutonium purification and also because the minimum solubility of these metals occurs at significantly different pHs. The transient pH behavior of the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) leachate showed a monotonic increase for all cases, but the equilibrium value was affected by process conditions. The transient leachate concentration behavior showed curves with one or two local maxima for some cases and curves with a monotonic increase for other cases. Data from the leaching experiments was compared to the solubility curves for the hydroxides of each metal since it was assumed that the highly alkaline conditions inside the fly ash waste would cause the metals to precipitate as hydroxides after initially dissolving in the acidic leaching solution. It was found that of the three metals, only cadmium followed the solubility curve for pure hydroxide solutions or for fly ash systems currently reported in the literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.055DOI Listing
September 2006
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