Publications by authors named "Stijn De Joode"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Improved long-term functional outcome after a latissimus dorsi transfer with or without subscapularis muscle lengthening or release.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):151-157

A brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) can lead to a limited shoulder function, especially abduction and external rotation. One of the treatment options to restore those shoulder functions is a latissimus dorsi transfer (LDT). The aim of this study is to analyze long-term functional outcome after a single LDT and compare these results with LDT combined with subscapularis muscle lengthening (SSL) or subscapularis muscle release (SSR). This cohort study included 39 patients (≤12 years old) with one-sided BPBI. All patients had an inter- nal rotation- and adduction contracture without glenohumeral joint deformity. A LDT was performed with or without SSL or SSR, resulting in 3 patient study groups. Demographic data and pre- and post- operative Mallet scores were collected and analysed for each group. The median age was 4.0 years (IQR 3.1) and there were no differences in patient demographics. In all patients surgery improved external rotation and overall shoulder function, at 9.8 years follow-up. Also, the total Mallet score increased significantly with 1.7 (p=0.001) in our (entire) study cohort. A LDT, with a SSL or SSR in case of an intra-operative internal contracture, improves shoulder function and preserves external rotation in patients (≤12 years old) with BPBI, at a follow up of 9.8 years.
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March 2021

[Suspected traumatic posterior shoulder luxation].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2019 10 11;163. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

Zuyderland Medisch Centrum, afd. Orthopedie, Heerlen.

BACKGROUND An obstetric brachial plexus lesion arises during childbirth as a consequence of excessive lateral traction of the neonate's head during shoulder dystocia. A small number of patients do not experience spontaneous recovery and secondary glenohumeral deformities can arise due to rotator cuff imbalance. CASE DESCRIPTION A 34-year-old man of Syrian descent with a history of a conservatively treated right-sided obstetric brachial plexus lesion went to the accident and emergency department (A and E) with acute pain in the right shoulder. Additional X-ray diagnostics suggested a posterior shoulder luxation, but attempts to relocate the glenohumeral joint in A and E failed. An additional CT scan of the shoulders revealed a severe right-sided dysplasia of the glenohumeral joint, with severe retroversion and posterior luxation of a rotated humeral head. After 3 weeks of relative rest through use of a sling and pain relief with an NSAID the pain had diminished and the patient had resumed his daily activities. CONCLUSION Posterior shoulder luxation can occur as a complication of obstetric brachial plexus lesion. Closed reduction is not of any use in these cases. The expertise of a specialized multidisciplinary team is indispensable for providing a patient with obstetric brachial plexus lesion with the best advice on treatment.
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October 2019

Long-term Patient-reported Quality of Life and Pain After a Multidisciplinary Clinical Pathway for Elderly Patients With Hip Fracture: A Retrospective Comparative Cohort Study.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2019 6;10:2151459319841743. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: There is an increase in incidence of hip fractures in the ageing population. The implementation of multidisciplinary clinical pathways (MCP) has proven to be effective in improving the care for these frail patients, and MCP tends to be more effective than usual care (UC). The aim of this study was to analyze potential differences in patient-reported outcome among elderly patients with hip fractures who followed MCP versus those who followed UC.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients aged 65 years or older with a low-energy hip fracture, who underwent surgery in the Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands. Two cohorts were analyzed; the first one had patients who underwent UC in 2012 and the second one contained patients who followed MCP in 2015. Collected data regarded demographics, patient-reported outcomes (Short Form 12 [SF-12] and the Numeric Rating Scale [NRS] to measure pain), and patient outcome.

Results: This cohort study included 398 patients, 182 of them were included in the MCP group and 216 were in the UC group. No differences in gender, age, or American Society of Anesthesiologists classification were found between the groups. No significant differences were found in SF-12 and the NRS data between the MCP group and UC group. In the MCP group, significantly lower rates of postoperative complications were found than in the UC group, but mortality within 30 days and one year after the hip fracture was similar in both groups.

Discussion: Although the effects of hip fractures in the elderly on patient-reported outcome, pain and quality of life have been addressed in several recent studies, the effects of MCP on long-term outcome was unclear.

Conclusion: A multidisciplinary clinical pathway approach for elderly patients with a hip fracture is associated with a reduced time to surgery and reduced postoperative complications, while no differences were found in quality of life, pain, or mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2151459319841743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6557012PMC
June 2019

Long-term functional outcome after a low-energy hip fracture in elderly patients.

J Orthop Traumatol 2019 04 11;20(1):20. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center+, P. Debyelaan 25, 6229 HX, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: The incidence of hip fractures is increasing. Elderly patients with a hip fracture frequently present with comorbidities, which are associated with higher mortality rates. Clinical studies regarding long-term functional outcome and mortality in hip fractures are rare. The aim of this study was to analyse the functional outcome and the mortality rate after a follow-up of 5 years in elderly patients with a hip fracture.

Materials And Methods: This combined retrospective and cross-sectional study included patients aged 65 years or older with a low energy hip fracture who underwent surgery in the Maastricht University Medical Center+, the Netherlands. Data such as demographics and mortality rates were retrospectively collected and functional outcome (i.e. mobility, pain, housing conditions and quality of life) was assessed by a questionnaire.

Results: Two hundred and sixteen patients were included in this study (mean age 82.2, SD ± 7.5). No significant differences were found in pain before hip fracture and after 1-year and 5-year follow-ups. Long-term functional outcome deteriorated after a hip fracture, with a significant increase in the use of walking aids (p < 0.001), a significant decrease of patients living in a private home (p < 0.001), and a low physical quality of life (SF-12 PCS = 27.1). The mortality incidences after 30-day, 1-year and 5-year follow-ups were 7.9%, 37.0% and 69.4%, respectively.

Conclusion: Long-term functional outcome in elderly patients with hip fractures significantly deteriorated, with an increased dependency for mobility and housing conditions and a decreased physical quality of life. In addition, hip fractures are associated with high mortality rates at the 5-year follow-up.

Level Of Evidence: Level III, a retrospective cohort study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10195-019-0529-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459450PMC
April 2019