Publications by authors named "Stephen J C Taylor"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A thermostable L-aminoacylase from Thermococcus litoralis: cloning, overexpression, characterization, and applications in biotransformations.

Extremophiles 2002 Apr;6(2):111-22

School of Chemistry, University of Exeter, UK.

A thermostable L-aminoacylase from Thermococcus litoralis was cloned, sequenced, and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme is a homotetramer of 43 kDa monomers and has an 82% sequence identity to an aminoacylase from Pyrococcus horikoshii and 45% sequence identity to a carboxypeptidase from Sulfolobus solfataricus. It contains one cysteine residue that is highly conserved among aminoacylases. Cell-free extracts of the recombinant enzyme were characterized and were found to have optimal activity at 85 degrees C in Tris-HCl at pH 8.0. The recombinant enzyme is thermostable, with a half-life of 25 h at 70 degrees C. Aminoacylase inhibitors, such as mono-tert-butyl malonate, had only a slight effect on activity. The enzyme was partially inhibited by EDTA and p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, suggesting that the cysteine residue and a metal ion are important, but not essential, for activity. Addition of Zn2+ and Co2+ to the apoenzyme increased the enzyme activity, whereas Sn4+ and Cu2+ almost completely abolished enzyme activity. The enzyme was most specific for substrates containing N-benzoyl- or N-chloroacetyl-amino acids. preferring substrates containing hydrophobic, uncharged, or weakly charged amino acids such as phenylalanine, methionine, and cysteine.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s007920100230DOI Listing
April 2002

Systemic administration of 1R,4S-4-amino-cyclopent-2-ene-carboxylic acid, a reversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase, blocks expression of conditioned place preference to cocaine and nicotine in rats.

Synapse 2002 May;44(2):61-3

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St. John's University, Jamaica, Queens, New York 11439, USA.

We examined the effect of 1R,4S-4-amino-cyclopent-2-ene-carboxylic acid (ACC), a reversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase, on the expression of conditioned place preference response to cocaine and nicotine in rats. Cocaine (20 mg/kg i.p.) and nicotine (0.4 mg/kg s.c.), but not vehicle or 300 mg/kg i.p. of ACC, produced a significant conditioned place preference response. Pretreatment of animals with 300 and 75 mg/kg i.p. of ACC significantly attenuated the expression of the cocaine- and nicotine-induced conditioned place preference responses, respectively. These results are the first to suggest that reversible inhibition of GABA transaminase may be useful in blocking cue-induced relapse to nicotine and cocaine.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/syn.10052DOI Listing
May 2002