Publications by authors named "Stephanie Morley"

3 Publications

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A Prospective Evaluation of Point of Care Ultrasound Teaching in Switzerland.

J Med Ultrasound 2019 Apr-Jun;27(2):92-96. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, USA.

Context: As the utility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) continues to expand in the medical field, there is a need for effective educational methods. In Switzerland, medical education follows the European model and lasts 6 years, focusing on preclinical training during the first 2 years. No previous studies have evaluated the optimal time for teaching ultrasound in European medical education.

Aims: The aim of this study is to provide ultrasound training to medical students in Switzerland at varying times during their clinical training to determine if the level of training plays a role in their ability to comprehend and to apply basic POCUS skills.

Methods: We performed an observational study utilizing a convenience sample of Swiss medical students between July 11, 2016 and August 6, 2016. They were taught a 2-day POCUS course by five American-trained 1-year medical students. Following this course, students were evaluated with written and clinical examination.

Results: 100 Swiss medical students were enrolled in the study. A total of 59 of these students were early clinical students, and 41 students were late clinical students. A two-tailed -test was performed and demonstrated that the late clinical students performed better than the early clinical students on the written assessment; however, no difference was found in clinical skill.

Conclusion: Our data suggest that Swiss medical students can learn and perform POCUS after a 2-day instructional taught by trained 1-year American medical students. No difference was found between students in early clinical training and late clinical training for the ability to perform POCUS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JMU.JMU_57_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6607874PMC
February 2019

Support needs and survivorship concerns of thyroid cancer patients.

Thyroid 2015 Jun 28;25(6):649-56. Epub 2015 Apr 28.

2Endocrine Tumor Program, John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence St. John's Health Center, Santa Monica, California.

Background: The number of thyroid cancer (TC) survivors is increasing exponentially worldwide. However, little research details the unmet information, support needs, and survivorship concerns of TC patients.

Methods: Two thousand TC survivors completed an online survey examining the importance of and recollection of receiving care addressing three areas at the time of diagnosis and treatment: medical/physical issues, practical matters, and emotional/psychological concerns. A summed score was generated of (1) the "important" responses for each category, and (2) if they remembered receiving that information/support. Regression analyses explored the relationship between each total score of importance and a patient's demographics, treatment, and recollection of receiving each domain of information/support.

Results: Respondents were generally female (88.6%), part white (91.1%), and had eventual total thyroidectomy (95.8%) and radioiodine (80.6%). Mean age at diagnosis was 42.1 years and average time from diagnosis 5.43 years. Less than 50% of patients recalled receiving information regarding long-term and health effects after treatment, or any practical matter or emotional/psychological concern. Multivariate linear modeling with forward stepwise regression revealed that age, sex, and survivorship time were important predictors for recollecting having received information and support for medical/physical issues, practical needs, and emotional/psychological concerns after controlling for treatment and other demographic factors (all 0.001 or <0.001). Similar modeling demonstrated that female sex and feeling that they received care in a given category (medical/physical issues, practical needs, or emotional/psychological concerns) predicted the importance placed on those specific needs when controlled for other variables (all 0.001 or <0.001).

Conclusion: TC patients place high importance on most types of information and concerns. However, the majority of information and support needs are unmet, which varies based on demographic and treatment factors as well as the importance placed on each specific topic of information. Qualitative research is needed to further focus and refine these unmet needs that should be followed by targeted interventions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/thy.2015.0032DOI Listing
June 2015

Stroke experiences in weblogs: a feasibility study of sex differences.

J Med Internet Res 2014 Mar 19;16(3):e84. Epub 2014 Mar 19.

Background: Research on cerebral stroke symptoms using hospital records has reported that women experience more nontraditional symptoms of stroke (eg, mental status change, pain) than men do. This is an important issue because nontraditional symptoms may delay the decision to get medical assistance and increase the difficulty of correct diagnosis. In the present study, we investigate sex differences in the stroke experience as described in stories on weblogs.

Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using the Internet as a source of data for basic research on stroke experiences.

Methods: Stroke experiences described in blogs were identified by using StoryUpgrade, a program that searches blog posts using a fictional prototype story. In this study, the prototype story was a description of a stroke experience. Retrieved stories coded by the researchers as relevant were used to update the search query and retrieve more stories using relevance feedback. Stories were coded for first- or third-person narrator, traditional and nontraditional patient symptoms, type of stroke, patient sex and age, delay before seeking medical assistance, and delay at hospital and in treatment.

Results: There were 191 relevant stroke stories of which 174 stories reported symptoms (52.3% female and 47.7% male patients). There were no sex differences for each traditional or nontraditional stroke symptom by chi-square analysis (all Ps>.05). Type of narrator, however, affected report of traditional and nontraditional symptoms. Female first-person narrators (ie, the patient) were more likely to report mental status change (56.3%, 27/48) than male first-person narrators (36.4%, 16/44), a marginally significant effect by logistic regression (P=.056), whereas reports of third-person narrators did not differ for women (27.9%, 12/43) and men (28.2%, 11/39) patients. There were more reports of at least 1 nontraditional symptom in the 92 first-person reports (44.6%, 41/92) than in the 82 third-person reports (25.6%, 21/82, P=.006). Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke was reported in 67 and 29 stories, respectively. Nontraditional symptoms varied with stroke type with 1 or more nontraditional symptoms reported for 79.3% (23/29) of hemorrhagic stroke patients and 53.7% (36/67) of ischemic stroke patients (P=.001).

Conclusions: The results replicate previous findings based on hospital interview data supporting the reliability of findings from weblogs. New findings include the effect of first- versus third-person narrator on sex differences in the report of nontraditional symptoms. This result suggests that narrator is an important variable to be examined in future studies. A fragmentary data problem limits some conclusions because important information, such as age, was not consistently reported. Age trends strengthen the feasibility of using the Internet for stroke research because older adults have significantly increased their Internet use in recent years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.2838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3978549PMC
March 2014
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