Publications by authors named "Stepan Feduniw"

3 Publications

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Application of artificial intelligence in screening for adverse perinatal outcomes: A protocol for systematic review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Dec;99(50):e23681

Department of Reproductive Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw.

The article presents a systematic review protocol. The aim of the study is an assessment of current studies regarding the application of artificial intelligence and neural networks in the screening for adverse perinatal outcomes. We intend to compare the reported efficacy of these methods to improve pregnancy care and outcomes. There are more and more studies that describe the role of machine learning in facilitating the diagnosis of adverse perinatal outcomes, like gestational diabetes or pregnancy hypertension. A systematic review of available literature seems to be crucial to compare the known efficacy and application. Publication of a systematic review in this category would improve the value of future studies. The studies reporting on artificial intelligence application will have a major impact on future prenatal practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000023681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7738040PMC
December 2020

Risk factors for anxiety and depression among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: A web-based cross-sectional survey.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jul;99(30):e21279

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.

Introduction: The article presents a protocol of a cross-sectional study of mental health of pregnant women in relation to the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. The primary aim is to compare differences in anxiety and depression scores of pregnant women between countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The secondary aim is to assess demographic, economic, and social aspects affecting maternal anxiety and depression scores among pregnant women worldwide in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, we will be able to compare differences in perception of the different aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic (social distancing, restrictions related to delivery) between countries and according to the epidemic status (number of infected patients, number of reported deaths). The comparisons will also be done according to the COVID-19 status of the participants.

Methods And Analysis: It is a web-based anonymous survey of pregnant women living in countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey is comprised of 3 sections:Web-based recruitment for health research has proven to be cost-effective and efficient. At current times with the COVID-19 pandemic, limited resources and social distancing restrictions, performing a mental health study involving pregnant women on a large international scale cannot be safely conducted without involving social-media.The fears of pregnant women fall into 3 categories: the medical condition, the economic status and the organization of daily activity.The study has received approval of the medical ethics committee and has been registered on Clinicaltrials.gov. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and made public through all available media.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000021279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7387043PMC
July 2020

Epidemiology, prevention and management of early postpartum hemorrhage - a systematic review.

Ginekol Pol 2020 ;91(1):38-44

21st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland, Poland.

Early Postpartum Hemorrhage (EPH) is one of the leading causes of postpartum mortality. It is defined as blood loss of at least 500 mL after vaginal or 1000 mL following cesarean delivery within 24 hours postpartum. The following paper includes literature review aimed to estimate the incidence and predictors of early postpartum hemorrhage (EPH). Available prevention and treatment methods were also assessed. The inclusion criteria for the study were met by 52 studies. The exact frequency of EPH in different populations varies from 1.2% to 12.5%. Maternal, pregnancy-associated, laborcorrelated and sociodemographic risk factors seem to be important predictors of EPH. In these cases appropriate prophylaxis should be considered. However, EPH may occur without previous risk factors. The main reason for EPH is uterine atony which contributes to up to 80% of cases of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Other common reasons for PPH include genital tract injuries, placenta accreta or coagulopathies. Interestingly, the majority of uterotonics seem to have a similar effect. However, carbetocin seems to be the most effective in certain situations. Appropriate diagnosis of EPH is the most important issue. The treatment should be causative. The first-line treatment should include uterotonics. Surgical interventions, if required, should be performed without delay, although preoperative uterine tamponade should be considered due to its high effectiveness. Medical staff training in medical simulation centers is an important factor that improves the outcomes of EPH treatment. It provides adaptation to hospital protocols, team work improvement, self-confidence building, more accurate blood loss evaluation and reduced perception of stress. The implementation of systematic trainings provides better outcomes in the future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.2020.0009DOI Listing
November 2020