Publications by authors named "Stefan Dascalu"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prospects of COVID-19 Vaccination in Romania: Challenges and Potential Solutions.

Front Public Health 2021 10;9:644538. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Epidemiology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania.

The rapid advancement in vaccine development represents a critical milestone that will help humanity tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the success of these efforts is not guaranteed, as it relies on the outcomes of national and international vaccination strategies. In this article, we highlight some of the challenges that Romania will face and propose a set of solutions to overcome them. With this in mind, we discuss issues such as the infrastructure of vaccine storage and delivery, the deployment and administration of immunisations, and the public acceptance of vaccines. The ways in which Romanian society will respond to a national COVID-19 vaccination campaign will be contingent on appropriate and timely actions. As many of the problems encountered in Romania are not unique, the proposed recommendations could be adapted and implemented in other countries that face similar issues, thereby informing better practices in the management of the COVID-19 pandemic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.644538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7902778PMC
March 2021

The Successes and Failures of the Initial COVID-19 Pandemic Response in Romania.

Authors:
Stefan Dascalu

Front Public Health 2020 10;8:344. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, countries around the world varied in the strength and timeliness of their responses. In Romania, specific challenges were faced with regards to managing the spread and limiting the impact of the disease, ranging from healthcare infrastructure to demographic and sociocultural aspects. As the country has a sizeable diaspora, major difficulties were faced when large numbers of individuals from highly affected areas returned to Romania. However, the fast implementation of control measures successfully averted a surge in the number of COVID-19 cases. This delayed the overburdening of an already challenged healthcare system during the initial phases of the epidemic. Furthermore, early control was facilitated by the exploitation of communication channels that penetrated all layers of society, from ordinary citizens to governmental authorities and high-ranking religious figures. The management of the COVID-19 crisis in Romania illustrates the importance of a fast initial response which takes into account the role played by sociocultural aspects in the context of an epidemic. As the challenges faced by Romania are not unique, these results could inform future public health strategies worldwide.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00344DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7381272PMC
July 2020

Measles Epidemics in Romania: Lessons for Public Health and Future Policy.

Authors:
Stefan Dascalu

Front Public Health 2019 25;7:98. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Measles is a highly infectious viral disease that continues to be a challenge for many countries worldwide. Although significant improvements have been observed since the introduction of vaccines, measles remains endemic in Romania. Contributing factors include vaccine hesitancy, difficulties in delivering doses to the population, and even the lack of sufficient vaccine supplies. These problems are further exacerbated by an inadequate implementation of public health measures, ranging from inefficient communication programs to the absence of a legislative framework concerning immunization. Moreover, many of the recent outbreaks were associated with chains of transmission in other countries, thus making the control of measles in Romania relevant at an international level. As many difficulties exist, understanding the key factors that limit the success of public health programs may provide guidance in shaping future strategies. Because similar issues are being faced in various other countries, the management of measles in Romania offers valuable lessons for researchers and policy-makers alike.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6496956PMC
April 2019