Publications by authors named "Soufiane El Mejdoub"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of ELISA and VNT for sheeppox virus antibody detection and development of an immunoenzymatic quantitative method.

J Immunol Methods 2022 Jan 12:113226. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Laboratory of Research and Development virology, MCI Animal Health, Lot. 157, Zone Industrielle Sud-Ouest (ERAC) B.P: 278, Mohammedia 28810, Morocco.

Vaccination against sheep pox (SPV) is the most efficient tool to control spread of the disease and virus neutralization test (VNT) is the gold standard for vaccination monitoring. In the presented study, we evaluated the use of ELISA and VNT for quantification of SPV humoral response post vaccination. Results confirmed that VNT is more sensitive since ELISA did not detect 22% of positive tested sera, and VNT weak positive sera were either negative or doubtful by ELISA. The most sensitive cells to perform VNT were ESH-L instead of Lamb primary cells. We also investigated immunoperoxidase IPMA and immunofluorescence IFA assays for detection of SPV specific antibodies and IPMA showed higher antibody titers comparatively to IFA. VNT using ESH-L cells with immune-enzymatic revelation provide specific quantitative SPV antibody titers, easier to read in shorter incubation time.
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January 2022

Development of an inactivated combined vaccine for protection of cattle against lumpy skin disease and bluetongue viruses.

Vet Microbiol 2021 May 23;256:109046. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Research and Development, MCI Santé Animale, ZI Sud-Ouest B.P: 278, Mohammedia, 28810, Morocco.

Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) and Bluetongue (BT) are the main ruminants viral vector-borne diseases. LSD is endemic in Africa and has recently emerged in Europe and central Asia as a major threat to cattle industry. BT caused great economic damage in Europe during the last decade with a continuous spread to other countries. To control these diseases, vaccination is the only economically viable tool. For LSD, only live-attenuated vaccines (LAVs) are commercially available, whilst for BT both LAVs and inactivated vaccines are available with a limited number of serotypes. In this study, we developed an inactivated, oil adjuvanted bivalent vaccine against both diseases based on LSDV Neethling strain and BTV4. The vaccine was tested for safety and immunogenicity on cattle during a one-year period. Post-vaccination monitoring was carried out by VNT and ELISA. The vaccine was completely safe and elicited high neutralizing antibodies starting from the first week following the second injection up to one year. Furthermore, a significant correlation (R = 0.9040) was observed when comparing VNT and competitive ELISA in BTV4 serological response. Following BTV4 challenge, none of vaccinated and unvaccinated cattle were registered clinical signs, however vaccinated cattle showed full protection from viraemia. In summary, this study highlights the effectiveness of this combined vaccine as a promising solution for both LSD and BT control. It also puts an emphasis on the need for the development of other multivalent inactivated vaccines, which could be greatly beneficial for improving vaccination coverage in endemic countries and prophylaxis of vector-borne diseases.
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May 2021