Publications by authors named "Souad Djediai"

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Improvement of colonic healing and surgical recovery with perioperative supplementation of inulin and galacto-oligosaccharides.

Clin Nutr 2021 Jun 27;40(6):3842-3851. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Nutrition and Microbiome Laboratory, Institut du Cancer de Montréal, Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), 900 Rue Saint-Denis, Montréal, Québec, H2X 0A9, Canada; Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 2900 Boulevard Edouard-Montpetit, Montréal, Québec, H3T 1J4, Canada. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Anastomotic leak (AL) is a major complication in colorectal surgery. Recent evidence suggests that the gut microbiota may affect healing and may cause or prevent AL. Butyrate is a beneficial short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) that is produced as a result of bacterial fermentation of dietary oligosaccharides and has been described as beneficial in the maintenance of colonic health. To assess the impact of oligosaccharides on colonic anastomotic healing in mice, we propose to modulate the microbiota with oligosaccharides to increase butyrate production via enhancement of butyrate-producing bacteria and, consequently, improve anastomotic healing in mice.

Methods: Animal experiments were conducted in mice that were subjected to diets supplemented with inulin, galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) or cellulose, as a control, for two weeks before undergoing a surgical colonic anastomosis. Macroscopic and histological assessment of the anastomosis was performed. Extent of epithelial proliferation was assessed by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry. Gelatin zymography was used to evaluate the extent of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) hydrolytic activity.

Results: Inulin and GOS diets were associated with increased butyrate production and better anastomotic healing. Histological analysis revealed an enhanced mucosal continuity, and this was associated with an increased re-epithelialization of the wound as determined by increased epithelial proliferation. Collagen concentration in peri-anastomotic tissue was higher with inulin and GOS diets and MMP activity, a marker of collagen degradation, was lower with both oligosaccharides. Inulin and GOS diets were further associated with lower bacterial translocation.

Conclusions: Dietary supplementation with inulin and GOS may improve anastomotic healing and reinforce the gut barrier in mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.04.032DOI Listing
June 2021